Cylindrotomidae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cylindrotominae
Diogma wing veins.svg
Diogma wing vein
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Nematocera
Infraorder: Tipulomorpha
Superfamily: Tipuloidea
Family: Cylindrotomidae
Genera

see text

The Cylindrotominae or long-bodied craneflies are a family of crane flies. About 115 species occur worldwide.

Most recent classifications place the group to family level. this was not supported by recent phylogenetic analyses by Petersen et al.[1] however Zhang et al.[2] have overturned this with their phylogenetic analyses. Thus they remain an established family.

Description[edit]

They are mostly large flies of around 11–16 mm and yellowish to pale brownish in colour. They have long, slender antennae with 16 segments; the wings, legs and the abdomen are all very long.

Biology[edit]

The larvae are all phytophagous (with the exception of the genus Cylindrotoma) and are found living on terrestrial, semiaquatic and aquatic mosses. The larvae of the genus Cylindrotoma live on various flowering plants. Adults are found in damp, wooded habitats.

Classification[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Petersen, M.J.; Bertone, M.A.; Wiegmann, B.M.; Courtney, G.W. 2010: Phylogenetic synthesis of morphological and molecular data reveals new insights into the higher-level classification of Tipuloidea (Diptera). Systematic entomology, 35: 526-545. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00524.x
  2. ^ Zhang, Xiao; Kang, Zehui; Mao, Meng; Li, Xuankun; Cameron, Stephen L.; de Jong, Herman; Wang, Mengqing; Yang, Ding (2016). "Comparative Mt Genomics of the Tipuloidea (Diptera: Nematocera: Tipulomorpha) and Its Implications for the Phylogeny of the Tipulomorpha". PLOS ONE. 11 (6): e0158167. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0158167. 
  3. ^ Macquart, P. J. M. (1834). Histoire naturelle des insectes. Dipteres. Tome premiere. Paris: Roret. pp. 578 + 8 pp., 12 pls. 
  4. ^ Edwards, Frederick W (1938). "British short-palped craneflies. Taxonomy of adults". Trans. Soc. Brit. Ent. 5: 1–168, 5 pls. 
  5. ^ Osten Sacken, C. R. (1869). "Monographs of the Diptera of North America. Part IV". Smithson. Misc. Coll. 8 (1): ,xi + 345 pp., 4 pls. Retrieved 24 August 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Schiner, I. R. (1863). "Vorlaufiger Commentar zum dipterologischen Theile der "Fauna Austriaca", mit einer naheren Begrundung der in derselben aufgenommenen neuen Dipteren-Gattungen. V. [concl].". Wien. Ent. Monstschr. 7: 217–226. 
  7. ^ Enderlein, G. (1912). "Studien uber die Tipuliden, Limoniiden, Cylindrotomiden und Ptychopteriden". Zool. Jahrb. (Syst.). 32: 1–88. Retrieved 24 August 2017. 
  8. ^ Alexander, C. P. (1929). "Crane-flies (Tipulidae, Trichoceridae, Tanyderidae)". Diptera of Patagonia and South Chile. 1: 1–240, 12 pls. 
  9. ^ Alexander, C. P. (1928). "Diptera. Fam. Tipulidae, Subfam. Cylindrotominae". Genera Insectorum. 187: 16 pp., 2 pls.