Cylon of Croton

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Cylon of Croton was a leading citizen of Croton, who led a revolt against the Pythagoreans, probably around 509 BC.[1] According to Iamblichus' De Vita Pythagorae, Cylon had previously tried and failed to be accepted into the Pythagorean order (VP 248); however, the clearly pro-Pythagorean bias of Iamblichus' work means we should take this with a grain of salt. In the climactic moment of the revolt, a meeting house was set on fire as the Pythagoreans were debating inside - according, again, to Iamblichus (VP 249). After the success of the rebellion, all debts owed were eliminated and property was seized for redistribution;[2] this arguably resulted in Pythagoras being expelled from Croton.[3]


  1. ^ E. Robinson, Democracy Beyond Athens, Cambridge 2011, p. 108.
  2. ^ Robinson, Eric W (1997). The First Democracies: Early Popular Government Outside Athens. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. p. 76. ISBN 9783515069519.
  3. ^ Knowles, George (2 February 2008). "Old Masters of Academia: Pythagoras". Controverscial. Retrieved 2 July 2016.