Cymbalophora pudica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cymbalophora pudica
Cymbalophora pudica.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Noctuoidea
Family: Erebidae
Genus: Cymbalophora
Species: C. pudica
Binomial name
Cymbalophora pudica
(Esper, 1784)
Synonyms
  • Phalaena (Bombyx) pudica Esper, 1785
  • Noctua tesselata de Villers, 1789
  • ulmi de Villers, 1789
  • bayardi Le Charles, 1922
  • Euprepia (Cymbalophora) pudica rosina Zerny, 1927
  • Cymbalophora pudica f. nigerrima Turati, 1919

Cymbalophora pudica, common name Discrete Chaperon, is a moth of the family Erebidae. [1]

Varieties[edit]

  • Cymbalophora pudica ab. cohaerens Schultz, 1905
  • Cymbalophora pudica ab. flaveola Schultz, 1906
  • Cymbalophora pudica ab. flavescens Oberthür, 1911
  • Cymbalophora pudica ab. fumosa Oberthür, 1911
  • Cymbalophora pudica magnifica Rothschild, 1914

[2]

Distribution[edit]

Cymbalophora pudica can be found in Southern Europe from the Iberian Peninsula to Greece and in Western North Africa. [3] These moths prefer sunny, rocky areas, grasslands, scrublands and mountain slopes at low to middle elevations. [4]

Description[edit]

Cymbalophora pudica

The wingspan of Cymbalophora pudica can reach 35–42 mm in males, of 35–42 mm in females.[5] The background color of the wings and the shape of their markings are raher variable. The external surface of the forewings usually may be milky-white or pinkish, with a pattern of black triangular patches. Hindwings vary from white to pinkish with marginal spots. The blackish-haired thorax is characterized by two yellowish longitudinal stripes and by a broad, yellowish cervical spine. The antennae of the males are ciliated, while those of the females are filiform. The abdomen is reddish with black spots.

The wings may be shaded with yellowish in Cymbalophora f. flaveola Schultz, 1906, in gray in Cymbalophora f. fumosa Oberthür, 1911. Cymbalophora f. Cohaerens Schultz, 1905 shows confluent spots. Very pink forms are called rosina. [5] The caterpillars are gray-brown, hairy, and covered with black-brown warts on each segment.

Like other species of the genus Cymbalophora ("cymbal bearers"), males are capable of emitting souds from their wings during flight. [6]

Cymbalophora pudica preyed by a rove beetle (Ocypus olens)

Biology[edit]

This species is univoltine. Caterpillars can be found from May to June. Then they construct their cocoons and rest longly in the cocoon prior to pupation. The moths are on wing from August to September depending on the location. [5] The larvae feed on Taraxacum officinale, Stipa species, Brachypodium phoenicoides, Festuca species, various grasses (Poaceae) and other low growing plants. [2] [7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biolib
  2. ^ a b Funet
  3. ^ Fauna europaea
  4. ^ Lepidoptera and their ecology
  5. ^ a b c Papillons de Poitou-Charentes
  6. ^ A.H. Swinton The vocal and instrumental music of insects in The Zoologist : a monthly journal of natural history
  7. ^ Paolo Mazzei, Daniel Morel, Raniero Panfili Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa

External links[edit]