Cynarctoides gawnae

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Cynarctoides gawnae
Temporal range: Miocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Subfamily: Borophaginae
Tribe: Phlaocyonini
Genus: Cynarctoides
Species: Cynarctoides gawnae
Cynarctoides gawnae range.png
Range of Cynarctoides gawnae

Cynarctoides gawnae is an extinct species of Cynarctoides, belonging to the subfamily Borophaginae and tribe Phlaocyonini, a canid which inhabited most of west central North America from the Miocene epoch (Hemingfordian stage) living 23.0—5.3 mya and existed for approximately 17.7 million years.


Cynarctoides gawnae was named by Xiaoming Wang et al. (1999). Its type locality is Jeep Quarry, which is in a Hemingfordian terrestrial horizon in the Zia Sand Formation of New Mexico.[1]


Body mass[edit]

Two specimens were examined by Legendre and Roth for body mass.[2]

  • Specimen 1 was estimated to weigh 1.02 kg (2.2 lb).
  • Specimen 2 was estimated to weigh 1.09 kg (2.4 lb).

Fossil distribution[edit]


  1. ^ Phylogentic Systematic of the Borophanginae, X. Wang, 1999 Archived March 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ S. Legendre and C. Roth. 1988. Correlation of carnassial tooth size and body weight in recent carnivores (Mammalia). Historical Biology
  • Martin, L.D. 1989. Fossil history of the terrestrial carnivora. Pages 536 - 568 in J.L. Gittleman, editor. Carnivore Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution, Vol. 1. Comstock Publishing Associates: Ithaca.
  • - PaleoDataBase - Cynarctoides acridens