Cynosurus

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dogstail grass
Cynosurus echinatus — Flora Batava — Volume v20.jpg
Cynosurus echinatus [1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Cynosurus
L.
Type species
Cynosurus cristatus
L.[2][3]
Synonyms[4]
  • Falona Adans.
  • Phalona Dumort.
  • Cynosurus sect. Falona (Adans.) Benth. & Hook. f.

Cynosurus is a genus of Eurasian and North African plants in the grass family. Plants in this genus are known generally as dogstail grass. They are native to the Mediterranean Basin and neighboring regions, but some have been introduced into Australia as well as North and South America.[5][6][7][8]

Species[4][9]
  1. Cynosurus balansae Coss. & Durieu - Morocco, Algeria
  2. Cynosurus coloratus Lehm. ex Steud. - Crete, Cyprus, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia
  3. Cynosurus cristatus L. - Europe, Azores, Caucasus, Iran, Turkey
  4. Cynosurus echinatus L. - southern Europe, north Africa, Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands, Middle East, Caucasus, Turkmenistan; naturalized in Australia as well as North and South America
  5. Cynosurus elegans Desf. - southern Europe, north Africa, Middle East, Turkmenistan
  6. Cynosurus junceus Murb. - Libya
  7. Cynosurus peltieri Maire - Algeria, Tunisia
  8. Cynosurus polybracteatus Poir. - Algeria, Tunisia
  9. Cynosurus turcomanicus Proskur. - Turkmenistan
formerly included[4]

Numerous names have been coined using the name Cynosurus, applied to species now regarded as better suited to other genera (Aegopogon Apera Beckmannia Bouteloua Centotheca Chloris Coelachyrum Cynodon Dactyloctenium Desmostachya Dinebra Eleusine Enteropogon Festuca Harpochloa Lamarckia Leptochloa Ochthochloa Oreochloa Polypogon Rostraria Sclerochloa Sesleria Sesleriella Tribolium Wangenheimia). Here are links to help you find the appropriate information

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1898 illustration from Janus (Jan) Kops (1765–1849)& F. W. van Eeden, Flora Batava. Afbeelding en beschrijving der Nederlandsche Gewassen. (1898)
  2. ^ lectotype designated by Nash in N. L. Britton et A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N.U.S. ed. 2. 1: 251. 7 Jun 1913
  3. ^ Tropicos, Cynosurus L.
  4. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Long, S. Cynosurus L. Grass Manual. Flora of North America.
  6. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 245 洋狗尾草属 yang gou wei cao shu Cynosurus
  7. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Cynosurus
  8. ^ United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile
  9. ^ The Plant List search for Cynosurus