Cynthia Lummis

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Cynthia Lummis
Cynthia Lummis U.S. Senator.jpg
United States Senator
from Wyoming
Assumed office
January 3, 2021
Serving with John Barrasso
Preceded byMike Enzi
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wyoming's at-large district
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2017
Preceded byBarbara Cubin
Succeeded byLiz Cheney
27th Treasurer of Wyoming
In office
January 4, 1999 – January 9, 2007
GovernorJim Geringer
Dave Freudenthal
Preceded byStan Smith
Succeeded byJoe Meyer
Member of the Wyoming Senate
from the 5th district
In office
January 14, 1993 – January 10, 1995
Preceded byGary Yordy
Succeeded byDonald Lawler
Member of the Wyoming House of Representatives
from the Laramie County district
In office
January 7, 1985 – January 14, 1993
In office
January 8, 1979 – January 3, 1983
Personal details
Born
Cynthia Marie Lummis

(1954-09-10) September 10, 1954 (age 66)
Cheyenne, Wyoming, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
(m. 1983; died 2014)
Children1
EducationUniversity of Wyoming (BS, JD)
WebsiteSenate Website

Cynthia Marie Lummis Wiederspahn (/ˈlʌmɪs/ LUMM-iss; born September 10, 1954) is an American politician and attorney serving as the junior United States Senator from Wyoming. She is the first woman to represent Wyoming in the Senate.[1] A member of the Republican Party, she served as the U.S. Representative for Wyoming's at-large congressional district from 2009 to 2017. Before joining Congress, she served as a State Representative (1979–83, 1985–93), State Senator (1993–95), and State Treasurer (1999–2007). She did not seek reelection to the House of Representatives in 2016,[2] and defeated Democratic nominee Merav Ben-David for the U.S. Senate in 2020.[3]

In January 2021, Lummis joined a group of Republican senators led by Ted Cruz objecting to counting Pennsylvania's electoral votes due to claims that the state violated its own election laws. Accordingly, on January 6, Lummis voted in support of the objection to Pennsylvania's electoral votes. The Senate rejected this objection by a vote of 92–7. She also voted against the objection to Arizona's electoral votes, which the Senate rejected by a vote of 93–6.[4][5]

Early life and education[edit]

Lummis is one of four children born in Cheyenne, Wyoming, to Doran Lummis and the former Enid Bennett (1928–2013).[6] After high school, she enrolled in the University of Wyoming in Laramie, obtaining two Bachelor of Science degrees, one in animal science in 1976 and one in biology in 1978.[7] She received her Juris Doctor degree from the University of Wyoming in 1985 and clerked for the Wyoming Supreme Court.[7]

Wyoming state legislature[edit]

Lummis was a member of the Wyoming House of Representatives from 1979 to 1983 and from 1985 to 1993. She was a member of the Wyoming Senate from 1993 to 1995.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Lummis was one of three female U.S. Representatives who prefer the appellation "congressman" to "congressperson" or "congresswoman"; the others were the Tennessee Republicans Marsha Blackburn and Diane Black, who have since left the House.[8]

Elections[edit]

2008

Lummis, who carried the support of anti-abortion and economically conservative voters, won the November 4 general election to succeed Barbara Cubin. In the August primary election, she defeated businessman and rancher Mark Gordon.

In the general election, Lummis faced Democratic nominee Gary Trauner, a Teton County School Board Trustee who ran against Cubin in 2006 and nearly won.[9] Trauner criticized Lummis for supporting privatization of Social Security and suggesting raising the retirement age for receiving such benefits; he called instead for considering imposing the FICA tax on income over $100,000, which is currently exempt.[10]

2010

Lummis was reelected with 71% of the vote against Democratic nominee David Wendt.[11]

2012

Lummis was reelected with 69% of the vote against Democratic nominee Chris Henrichsen.

2014

In October 2013, corrections officer Jason Adam Senteney announced that he would challenge Lummis in the 2014 Republican primary. Senteney opposed the 2013 government shutdown: "You should never shut down essential programs for people. ... Whether it's a negotiation tactic or not, you shouldn't punish the American people for your own failure to work together in Washington."[12]

Tenure[edit]

Lummis signed Americans for Tax Reform’s Taxpayer Protection Pledge.[13]

Timothy P. Carney of the Washington Examiner called Lummis one of Arizona Congressman Jeff Flake's "posse of anti-appropriators" on the Appropriations Committee.[14] According to Carney, Lummis "is the league leader in bucking the committee leadership".[14]

Legislation supported[edit]

Congresswoman Cynthia Lummis with colleagues Eric Cantor and Mary Fallin

Committee assignments[edit]

United States House Committee on Natural Resources (2009–2011; 2013–2017)

Caucus memberships[edit]

United States Senate[edit]

Elections[edit]

After she retired from Congress in 2016, it was speculated that Lummis was considering a run for governor of Wyoming in 2018.[24] In late 2017, she ruled that out, saying that she was enjoying her time outside of public life but would likely run for office again later.[25] The Trump administration actively considered her for Secretary of the Interior after Ryan Zinke resigned,[26] but David Bernhardt was eventually appointed to the position.[27] On May 4, 2019, U.S. Senator Mike Enzi announced his retirement, leading to speculation that Lummis might run for his seat in the 2020 election.[28] On July 11, 2019, she announced her candidacy.[29][30] She won the election.[31] In January 2021, Lummis joined a group of Republican senators, led by Josh Hawley and Ted Cruz, in an unsuccessful effort to overturn the results of the 2020 presidential election. She voted in support of the objection to Pennsylvania's electoral votes[32] and against the objection to Arizona's.[33] Both objections were rejected by the Senate, 92-7 and 93-6 respectively.

Tenure[edit]

Lummis was sworn in as senator on January 3, 2021. She is the only member of Wyoming's congressional delegation who was born in Wyoming.

Committees[edit]

Caucuses[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

State Treasurer[edit]

Wyoming State Treasurer election, 1998[34][35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cynthia Lummis 105,322 62.69
Democratic Charyl "Butch" Loveridge 52,655 31.34
Libertarian James Blomquist 10,024 5.97
Wyoming State Treasurer Republican primary election, 2002[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cynthia Lummis 79,557 100.00
Wyoming State Treasurer election, 2002[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cynthia Lummis 152,583 100.00

U.S. Representative[edit]

Wyoming's at-large congressional district Republican primary election, 2008[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cynthia Lummis 33,149 46.18
Republican Mark Gordon 26,827 37.37
Republican Bill Winney 8,537 11.89
Republican Michael S. Holland 3,171 4.56
Wyoming's at-large congressional district election, 2008 [39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cynthia Lummis 131,244 52.62
Democratic Gary Trauner 106,758 42.81
Libertarian W. David Herbert 11,030 4.42
N/A Write-in candidates 363 0.15
Wyoming's at-large congressional district election Republican primary, 2010[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cynthia Lummis 84,063 82.82
Republican Evan Liam Slafter 17,148 16.89
N/A Write-in candidates 289 0.28
Wyoming's at-large congressional district election, 2010[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cynthia Lummis 131,661 70.42
Democratic David Wendt 45,768 24.48
Libertarian John V. Love 9,253 4.95
N/A Write-in candidates 287 0.15
Wyoming's at-large congressional district election, 2012[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cynthia Lummis 166,452 68.89
Democratic Chris Henrichsen 57,573 23.83
Libertarian Richard P. Brubaker 8,442 3.49
Constitution Daniel Clyde Cummings 4,963 2.05
Wyoming Country Party Don Wills 3,775 1.56
N/A Write-in Candidates 416 0.17

Personal life[edit]

In 2008, Lummis reported her wealth as between $20 million to $75 million.[citation needed] In 2010, Roll Call ranked her as the 50th-wealthiest member of Congress, with a minimum net worth of $5.44 million.[43] Most of Lummis's wealth comes from her family-owned Arp and Hammond Company, Lummis Livestock Company, and Old Horse Pasture, Inc.[44] In 2016 she was inducted into the Cheyenne Frontier Days Hall of Fame.[45] Upon taking office in the Senate in 2021, she will be the first senator to own cryptocurrency; she bought Bitcoin in 2013 after her son-in-law advised her to.[46]

Lummis is a Lutheran. She is a Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod (LCMS) adherent.[47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Connley, Courtney (November 4, 2020). "Kamala Harris, Cori Bush and others who made history in the 2020 election". CNBC. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  2. ^ dougrandall (January 28, 2016). "Stubson Touts Wyoming Experience In Run For Congress". KGAB 650AM.
  3. ^ "Republican Cynthia Lummis wins election to U.S. Senate from Wyoming". WSIL. Associated Press. November 4, 2020. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  4. ^ "Roll Call Vote 117th Congress - 1st Session". U.S. Senate. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  5. ^ "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 117th Congress - 1st Session". www.senate.gov. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  6. ^ "Rep. Lummis' Statement on the Passing of Her Mother, October 10, 2013". lummis.house.gov. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Biography - Congressman Cynthia Lummis". Archived from the original on May 2, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2014.
  8. ^ Ostermeier, Eric (June 13, 2013). "Meet the Three House Women Who Go by "Congressman"". Smart Politics.
  9. ^ "Zwonitzer withdraws from House race". Wyoming Tribune Eagle. May 8, 2008.
  10. ^ Joyce, Matt (October 10, 2008). "Trauner, Lummis camps debate Social Security". Casper Star-Tribune.
  11. ^ "State Results – Election Center 2010 – Elections & Politics from CNN.com". CNN.
  12. ^ "Trevor Brown, Yoder man challenging Lummis in 2014 primary: Jason Senteney says Congress isn't working to solve budget issues, October 24, 2013". Wyoming Tribune-Eagle. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  13. ^ "The Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers 112th Congressional List" (PDF). Americans for Tax Reform. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
  14. ^ a b Carney, Timothy (April 3, 2011) GOP anti-appropriators break up the spending party Archived April 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Washington Examiner
  15. ^ a b c Hancock, Laura (August 5, 2013). "Lummis-supported bills move forward". Casper Star-Tribune. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
  16. ^ "H.R. 1684 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
  17. ^ Kasperowicz, Pete (November 19, 2013). "House advances drilling, fracking bills". The Hill. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  18. ^ "H.R. 1526 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  19. ^ "CBO – H.R. 2919". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  20. ^ D'Amico, Christine (August 1, 2013). "Lummis, Cohen Draft Bill to Track Equal Access to Justice Act Payments Bipartisan legislation restarts agency tracking obligations; modernizes record-keeping with online database". House Office of Cynthia Lummis. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  21. ^ Hancock, Laura (February 9, 2014). "House committee endorses bill targeting environmental group lawsuits". Casper Star-Tribune. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  22. ^ Bialik, Carl; Bycoffe, Aaron (September 25, 2015). "The Hard-Line Republicans Who Pushed John Boehner Out". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  23. ^ "Members". Congressional Constitution Caucus. Archived from the original on June 14, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  24. ^ Hancock, Laura (June 27, 2016). "Lummis not ruling out run for governor". Casper Star-Tribune. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  25. ^ "Lummis says she won't run for governor, upending the field and opening 'the floodgates'". Casper Star-Tribune. September 20, 2017.
  26. ^ "White House Considering Lummis for Interior Secretary, Sources Say". January 31, 2019 – via www.bloomberg.com.
  27. ^ Cohn, Alicia (April 11, 2019). "David Bernhardt confirmed as new Interior chief". The Hill.
  28. ^ Reynolds, Nick (May 10, 2019). "Former Wyoming Rep. Cynthia Lummis considering 2020 Senate bid to replace Enzi". Casper Star-Tribune. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  29. ^ "Lummis Announces Run for U.S. Senate, Pledges to Stand 'Shoulder to Shoulder' with President Trump to Fight for WY". Sheridan Media. July 11, 2019. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  30. ^ Alex Rogers (July 11, 2019). "Former Rep. Cynthia Lummis running for US Senate seat in Wyoming". CNN. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  31. ^ Bendix, Madison Hall, Aria. "Republican Cynthia Lummis nabs Wyoming's open Senate seat from Democratic challenger Merav Ben-David". Business Insider. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
  32. ^ "On the Objection (Shall the Objection Submitted by the Gentleman from Pennsylvania, Mr. Perry, and the Senator from Missouri, Mr. Hawley, Be Sustained?)". United States Senate. January 7, 2021. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  33. ^ "On the Objection (Shall the Objection Submitted by the Gentleman from Arizona, Mr. Gosar, and the Senator from Texas, Mr. Cruz, and Others Be Sustained?)". United States Senate. January 6, 2021. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  34. ^ "Statewide Issues Abstract" (Portable Document Format). Wyoming Elections Division. p. 5. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  35. ^ Foster, Deidre (November 4, 1998). "Lummis trumps Loveridge". Wyoming Tribune-Eagle. Archived from the original on April 9, 2016. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  36. ^ "Statewide Candidates' Abstract – Official Primary Election Results – August 20, 2002" (PDF). Wyoming Elections Division. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  37. ^ "Statewide Candidates' Abstract – Official General Election Results – November 5, 2002" (PDF). Wyoming Elections Division. p. 2. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  38. ^ "Republican Statewide Candidates Official Summary: Wyoming Primary Election – August 19, 2008" (PDF). Wyoming Elections Division. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  39. ^ Miller, Lorraine C. (July 10, 2009). "Statistics of the presidential and congressional election of November 4, 2008" (PDF). Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. p. 68. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  40. ^ "Statewide Candidates Official Summary: Wyoming Primary Election – August 17, 2010" (PDF). Wyoming Elections Division. p. 1. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  41. ^ Haas, Karen L. (June 3, 2011). "Statistics of the congressional election of November 2, 2010" (PDF). Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. p. 56. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  42. ^ "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – Election Information" (PDF). Karen Haas, Clerk of the United States House of Representatives.
  43. ^ "The 50 Richest Members of Congress". Roll Call. September 16, 2010. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  44. ^ "Rep. Cynthia Lummis among Richest Members of Congress". wyofile.com. Archived from the original on January 9, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
  45. ^ "Cheyenne Frontier Days Hall of Fame Inductees". Cheyenne Frontier Days Old West Museum. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  46. ^ Roberts, Jeff John (November 4, 2020). "Wyoming elects first Bitcoin owner to U.S. Senate". Fortune. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  47. ^ "Lutherans in Congress". Living Lutheran. January 5, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2021.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Barbara Cubin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wyoming's at-large congressional district

2009–2017
Succeeded by
Liz Cheney
Preceded by
Jan Schakowsky
Chair of the Congressional Women's Caucus
2011–2013
Succeeded by
Jaime Herrera Beutler
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mike Enzi
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Wyoming
(Class 2)

2020
Most recent
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Mike Enzi
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Wyoming
2021–present
Served alongside: John Barrasso
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Ben Ray Luján
United States Senators by seniority
93rd
Succeeded by
Roger Marshall