Cyperus scariosus

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Cyperus scariosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Cyperus
Species: C. scariosus
Binomial name
Cyperus scariosus

Cyperus scariosus, also known in English as cypriol and in Hindi as Nagarmotha, is a plant of the Cyperaceae family, that grows wild in the Madhya Pradesh region of India.


It is highly prized in India for its roots and is used in aromatherapy, as a perfume and for many other purposes.

Chemical constituents[edit]

Steam distillation of the tubers of cypriol yields 0.075–0.080% of an essential oil, the principal content of which is cyperene.


  • Latin name: Cyperus scariosus
  • English name: Umbrella Sedge
  • Sanskrit name: Nagaramustaka, Bhadramusta
  • Hindi name: Nagarmotha