Cyphostemma

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Cyphostemma
Cyphostemma juttae IMG 2792.JPG
Cyphostemma juttae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Vitales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Cyphostemma
(Planch.) Alston
Species

see text

Synonyms[1]

Cyphostemma is a flowering plant genus belonging to the family Vitaceae. These species are caudiciform and used to belong to the genus Cissus.[1] The genus name comes from Greek kyphos, meaning hump, and stemma, meaning garland.

Within the Vitaceae, Cyphostemma is most closely related to Cayratia and Tetrastigma.[2]

Distribution[edit]

They originate from Africa, in particular from Madagascar.

Selected species[edit]

There are about 260 species in the genus.

List sources :[3][4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Name - Cyphostemma (Planch.) Alston". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  2. ^ Soejima, A.; Wen, J. (2006), "Phylogenetic analysis of the grape family (Vitaceae) based on three chloroplast markers", American Journal of Botany, 93 (2): 278, doi:10.3732/ajb.93.2.278, PMID 21646189 
  3. ^ Flora of Zimbabwe
  4. ^ Grubben, G. J. H. Vegetables. PROTA. 2004.
  5. ^ NOTE: Each species from the list at Tropicos.org was also checked against its corresponding entry at theplantlist.org for accepted status before being included on this page. Species listed at theplantlist that were as yet unresolved were included on this list. "Name - Cyphostemma (Planch.) Alston subordinate taxa". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved August 25, 2011.