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Cypress is an unincorporated community in Harris County, Texas, United States, located completely inside the extraterritorial jurisdiction of the City of Houston. The Cypress area is located along U.S. Highway 290 (Northwest Freeway) is twenty-four miles (35 km) northwest of Downtown Houston. The Cypress urban cluster ranks 50th in the top 100 highest-income urban areas in the United States.
Large scale residential and commercial development beginning in the 1980s transformed the once rural area into one of the Houston area's largest suburban communities.
The recent find of a San Patrice projectile point at the Dimond Knoll site nearby on Cypress Creek attests to a human presence in the area by 7500 BC. By the early historic era, the area around present-day Cypress was populated by Atakapa and Akokisa Indian tribes, but they soon disappeared after the appearance of German settlers in the 1840s.
The German heritage is most notably reflected in the names of some of the major thoroughfares of the area, such as Huffmeister and Telge Roads. General Sam Houston and his Texas Army camped in the area on March 22, 1836 on the way to Harrisburg, which is now in East Houston, just days before the Battle of San Jacinto.
The area remained mostly rural until the early 1990s when developers began construction of several master-planned communities. The area is often referred to as Cy-Fair or Cypress-Fairbanks, which comes from when the Big Cypress School and Fairbanks High School combined in the 1930s to form Cy-Fair High School and the Cypress-Fairbanks Independent School District. In March 2008, the Cypress Historical Society (CHS) was formed as a non-profit corporation with its primary mission being "...to discover, educate, promote, collect, preserve and make available to the public, historical documents and artifacts of the Cypress area". The CHS organization holds regular events aimed at exposing Cypress' residents to the historical and cultural foundation upon which the area was built.
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Cypress is located near the intersection of US Highway 290 and Spring-Cypress Road. Cypress is located within the Cypress Creek and Little Cypress Creek watershed. There are no official boundary lines for the exact area, but roads commonly mentioned to bound the area include FM 529 road as the southern border, HWY 6 and FM 1960 as the eastern border, and HWY 249 as the northern border.
Cypress has two distinct geographic profiles separated by Highway 290. The area northeast of US 290 is forested and thickly wooded, while the area southwest of 290 is predominately ranch land and grassy prairie dotted with scrub brush, Live oaks and Post oaks.
Cypress falls under the jurisdiction of Harris County Precincts 4 and 5 (separated by Cypress Creek).
Major arteries include Highway 290 to the South and State Highway 249 to the east.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cypress has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
Due to its close proximity to the gulf coast, Cypress is occasionally hit by landfalling tropical storms and hurricanes; the most significant storms to impact the area in recent history have been hurricane Alicia in 1983, and hurricane Harvey in 2017.
As of the 2010 US Census, there were approximately 122,803 people, 39,705 households, and 32,762 families living in the zip codes labeled as Cypress. There were 41,761 housing units for a total occupancy rate of 95.1% at an average density of 1,357.6 per square mile (524.0/km2).
The 77429 zip code is one of the most affluent in Harris County; nearly 77% of the population has an income over US $50,000, and 42.65% earn over $100,000. The Cypress urban cluster ranks 50th in the top 100 highest-income urban areas in the United States. Both Cypress Zip codes 77429 and 77433 are ranked among the Top 25 wealthiest in the Houston area.
According to the U.S. Census 2010, the racial makeup of Cypress was 73.4% White (including Hispanic or Latino), 10.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 6.3% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 6.4% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. 22% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are three major hospitals in the Cypress area: HCA Houston Healthcare North Cypress (formerly North Cypress Medical Center), Memorial Hermann Cypress Hospital, and Cypress Fairbanks Medical Center Hospital.
Harris Health System (the county's public hospital system) operates the Cypress Health Center. Prior to the clinic's opening, the designated public health center was the Acres Homes Health Center. The designated public hospital is Lyndon B. Johnson Hospital in Northeast Houston.
Government and infrastructure
The area of Cypress is served by two volunteer fire departments, Cy-Fair Volunteer Fire Department and Cypress Creek VFD. The Cy-Fair VFD is the largest volunteer fire department in the United States, with 12 stations. It is also assisted by the city of Jersey Village in its fire suppression activities.
In 2010, Sysco announced that it purchased the former Hewlett Packard call center along U.S. Highway 290 in Cypress and that it would establish a shared services facility for its distribution centers in North America.
Primary and secondary schools
Cypress is served by Cypress-Fairbanks Independent School District, the third largest school district in the State of Texas and one of the fastest growing in the United States. CFISD serves nearly 107,000 students as of 2010.
Cypress-Fairbanks ISD high school students attend Cy-Fair High School, Cypress Lakes High School, Jersey Village High School, Cypress Creek High School, Cypress Falls High School, Cypress Woods High School, Cypress Springs High School, Langham Creek High School, Cypress Ridge High School, Cypress Ranch High School, Cypress Park High School and Bridgeland High School.
Windfern High School offers an alternative path toward graduation for accepted students from the above high school attendance zones.
Covenant Academy operates as a K-12 Classical Christian School.
The Oaks Adventist Christian School is in Cypress.
The closest Catholic high schools are Frassati Catholic High School in north Harris County, in the Spring area; and Saint John XXIII High School (formerly Pope John XXIII High School) in western Harris County, within Greater Katy. In addition St. Thomas High School, an all boys' high school in central Houston, has a bus service from and to Christ the Redeemer Catholic School.
Silverline Montessori School is a private Montessori school in Cypress.
Colleges and universities
Lone Star College (originally the North Harris Montgomery Community College District) serves the community. The territory in Cypress-Fairbanks ISD joined the community college district in 2000. Cypress is home of the Lone Star College–CyFair campus.
Harris County Public Library (HCPL) operates public libraries in the Cypress area. LSC-Cyfair Library, a partner effort between HCPL and Lone Star College System, is located at 9191 Barker-Cypress Road on the Lone Star College–CyFair campus. The Northwest Branch Library is located at 11355 Regency Green Drive.
- Cammile Adams, Olympic swimmer; grew up in Cypress
- Mary Kay Ash, founder of Mary Kay Cosmetics; born in Hot Wells, now part of Cypress
- James Bonamy, country singer
- Danielle Bradbery, winner of NBC's The Voice; attended Cypress Ranch High School
- De'Aaron Fox, professional basketball player; attended Cypress Lakes High School
- Nneka Ogwumike, professional basketball player; attended Cy-Fair High School
- Robbie Grossman, professional baseball player
- Jonathan Horton, Olympic gymnast; grew up and lives in Cypress
- Iris Kyle, ten-time overall Ms. Olympia professional bodybuilder
- Jared Lakind, American-Israeli professional baseball pitcher
- Tony Oller, actor and singer-songwriter; reared in Cypress
- "First Cypress historical marker recognizes history of development". Unincorporated community Impact Newspaper. Archived from the original on August 21, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "CYPRESS, TX (HARRIS COUNTY)". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). Retrieved 2014-07-19.
- "Matthew Burnett Homesite" (Historical marker). Marker 10623. Texas Historical Commission. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
- Cypress Historical Society - Home
- Climate Summary for Cypress, Texas
- U.S. Census website DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for ZCTA5 77429 and ZCTA5 77433. Last accessed April 23, 2012.
- http://webadv.chron.com/house/house_z/zipcode/harris01p4.html Archived 2006-10-21 at the Wayback Machine. Listing of Harris County zipcodes. Last accessed November 19, 2006.
- "Houston's Memorial Hermann to build 80-bed Cypress hospital." Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- "." The Business Journals Houston. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
- "Cypress Health Center". Harris Health System. Retrieved 2021-04-08.
Cypress Health Center 12340 Jones Road, Ste. 100 Houston, TX 77070CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Clinic/Emergency/Registration Center Directory By ZIP Code". Harris County Hospital District. 2001-11-19. Retrieved 2021-04-08. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) - See ZIP code 77070. See this map for relevant ZIP codes.
- Cypress Creek VFD
- http://www.hcnonline.com/articles/2008/07/17/copperfield_sun/news/072308_new_station.txt[permanent dead link] |title=Cy-Fair VFD to Celebrate 12th Station Opening |work=hcnonline.com |publisher=Copperfield Sun |accessdate=2008-10-04
- "Post Office Location - CYPRESS Archived 2009-02-17 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
- Stauffer, Kimberly. "Sysco Corporation plans to open new facility in Cypress Archived 2010-11-09 at the Wayback Machine." Community Impact Newspaper (JG Media, Inc.) Friday March 5, 2010. Retrieved on April 23, 2010. "Sysco Corporation has purchased the former Hewlett-Packard call center at 24500 Hwy. 290 in Cypress to create a shared services facility for its North American distribution centers."
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-04. Retrieved 2009-02-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link). Cypress-Fairbanks Independent School District. Last accessed November 16, 2011.
- "School Profile Archived 2016-09-23 at the Wayback Machine." Cypress Christian School. Retrieved on November 6, 2010.
- The Connection School of Houston
- Dominguez, Catherine (2012-08-29). "New Catholic high school breaks ground". Houston Chronicle. The Spring Observer. Retrieved 2017-03-25. - Specifies Cypress as being in the school's service area.
- "Pope John XXIII High golfers take second place". Houston Chronicle. The Katy Rancher. 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2017-03-25. - Specifies Cypress as being in the school's service area.
- "Transportation". St. Thomas High School. Retrieved 2019-10-25.
- "History." North Harris Montgomery Community College District. December 22, 2002. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
- "LSC-Cy-Fair Library Archived 2008-11-13 at the Wayback Machine." Harris County Public Library. Retrieved on February 15, 2009.
- "Northwest Branch Library Archived 2008-05-17 at the Wayback Machine." Harris County Public Library. Retrieved on February 15, 2009.
- "Cammile Adams". USA Swimming. Archived from the original on 2014-08-02.
- "Jonathan Horton". USA Gymnastics.