Cyprinus carpio carpio

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Cyprinus carpio carpio
Cyprinus carpio.jpeg
Cyprinus carpio carpio, wild caught
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Cyprinus
Species: C. carpio
Subspecies: C. c. carpio
Trinomial name
Cyprinus carpio carpio
Linnaeus, 1758[1]

Cyprinus carpio carpio is a subspecies of the common carp is commonly found in Europe. They are native to much of Europe (notably the Danube and Volga Rivers) and can also be found in the Caucasus and Central Asia.[2] Mitochondrial DNA analysis shows a difference between C. carpio carpio and Carpio carpio haematopterus.[3] They are omnivorous in nature and are known to feed on mollusks, insects, crustaceans and seeds.[4] Though dark in color, there are some wild caught specimens which are colored orange (maybe a domesticated ones that are only released into the rivers). This subspecies has also been domesticated in European ponds for hundreds of years.[5] They are considered as an invasive species in the state of Washington and fishing them is encouraged to diminish their population.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ITIS Standard Report Page: Cyprinus carpio carpio". www.itis.gov. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  2. ^ Kirpitchnikov, Valentin S.; Billard, Roland. Genetics and Breeding of Common Carp. Editions Quae. p. 5. ISBN 9782738008695. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  3. ^ Zhou, Jian Feng; Wu, Qing Jiang; Ye, Yu Zhen; Tong, Jin Gou (2003). "Genetic divergence between Cyprinus carpio carpio and Cyprinus carpio haematopterus as assessed by mitochondrial DNA analysis, with emphasis on origin of European domestic carp" (PDF). Genetica. 119: 93. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Common carp (Cyprinus carpio carpio) - Aquatic Invasive Species | Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife". wdfw.wa.gov. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  5. ^ Tsipas, George; Tsiamis, George; Vidalis, Kosmas; Bourtzis, Kostas (13 November 2008). "Genetic differentiation among Greek lake populations of Carassius gibelio and Cyprinus carpio carpio". Genetica. 136 (3): 491–500. doi:10.1007/s10709-008-9331-1.