Cyrtandra giffardii

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Cyrtandra giffardii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Gesneriaceae
Genus: Cyrtandra
Species: C. giffardii
Binomial name
Cyrtandra giffardii
H.St.John & Storey

Cyrtandra giffardii is a rare species of flowering plant in the African violet family known by the common names forest cyrtandra and Giffard's cyrtandra. It is endemic to the island of Hawaii, where it grows on the slopes of Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa. A 1998 estimate places the total remaining population size around 1000 individual plants.[1] It is a tree which grows 2 to 6 meters tall and bears white flowers. It was federally listed as an endangered species in 1994.[2] Like other Hawaiian Cyrtandra it is called ha`iwale.[3]

The plant grows in the wet forests of the two Hawaiian volcanoes and faces habitat degradation caused by feral pigs and cattle in the area. There is also an invasion by non-native plants in these forests.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1998). Cyanea giffardii. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2010. Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 2 March 2011.
  2. ^ a b Cyrtandra giffardii. The Nature Conservancy.
  3. ^ USFWS Species Reports: Listed Plants.

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