Cyrtanthus

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Cyrtanthus
Vallota speciosa flowers.jpg
Cyrtanthus elatus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Genus: Cyrtanthus
W.Aiton 1789, conserved name not Schreb. 1789 (Rubiaceae)
Type species
Cyrtanthus angustifolius
W.Aiton
Synonyms[1]
  • Cyrtanthinae
  • Anoiganthus Baker
  • Vallota Salisb. ex Herb.
  • Timmia J.F.Gmel.
  • Gastronema Herb.
  • Monella Herb.
  • Cyphonema Herb.
  • Eusipho Salisb.
  • × Vallanthus Cif. & Giacom.

Cyrtanthus is a genus of perennial, herbaceous and bulbous plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae.[2][3][4][5]

Taxonomy[edit]

Cyrtanthus is the sole genus in the African tribe Cyrtantheae.

Phylogeny[edit]

The placement of Cyrtantheae within subfamily Amaryllidoideae is shown in the following cladogram:

Cladogram: Tribes of subfamily Amaryllidoideae
Subfamily Amaryllidoideae
Africa 

Tribe Amaryllideae




Africa 

Tribe Cyrtantheae



Africa 

Tribe Haemantheae


Australasia

Tribe Calostemmateae





Eurasian clade
Asia

Tribe Lycorideae


Mediterranean

Tribe Galantheae




Tribe Pancratieae



Tribe Narcisseae





American clade
Hippeastroid clade

Tribe Griffineae



Tribe Hippeastreae



Andean clade


Tribe Eustephieae





Tribe Eucharideae/Stenomesseae





Tribe Clinantheae



Tribe Hymenocallideae










Subdivision[edit]

There are over 50 recognized species, all native to central and southern Africa.[1][6][7]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]