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The Cyrtians or Kyrtians (gr. Κύρτιοι Kýrtioi, lat. Cyrtii) were an ancient tribe in historic Persia near Mount Zagros. Based on their name, it has been suggested that they may be ancestors of the Kurds.
According to Rüdiger Schmitt, a tribe dwelling mainly in the mountains of Atropatenian Media (Northern Zagros Mountains) together with the Cadusii, Amardi (or “Mardi”), Tapyri, and others (Strabo 11.13.3). Strabo characterized the Cyrtians living in Persia as migrants and predatory brigands.
The Cyrtians were not connected to the Carduchi, Cordyaei, Gordyaei, and the like, who lived farther west. According to Garnik Asatrian, Cyrtians were a collection of indigenous, non-Iranian tribes who only shared a nomadic lifestyle.
In popular culture
- G. Asatrian, Prolegomena to the Study of the Kurds, Iran and the Caucasus, Vol.13, pp. 1–58, 2009: "Evidently, the most reasonable explanation of this ethnonym must be sought for in its possible connections with the Cyrtii (Cyrtaei) of the Classical authors."
- "Encyclopædia Iranica | Articles". 2011-04-29. Archived from the original on 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2017-05-19.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- (Berlin), Brentjes, Burchard. "Kyrtioi". Cite journal requires
- Schmitt, Rüdiger. "CYRTIANS". Center for Iranian Studies, Encyclopædia Iranica. New York: Columbia University. Archived from the original on April 29, 2011. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Potts, Daniel T. (2014). Nomadism in Iran: From Antiquity to the Modern Era. Oxford University Press. p. 120. ISBN 9780199330799.
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