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Cyrtonyx montezumae
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Odontophoridae
Genus: Cyrtonyx
Gould, 1844
Type species
Ortyx montezumae
Vigors, 1830

Cyrtonyx is a bird genus in the New World quail family Odontophoridae.

The genus Cyrtonyx was introduced in 1844 by the English ornithologist and bird artist John Gould.[1] The name combines the Ancient Greek kurtos meaning "curved" and onux meaning "nail" or "claw".[2] The type species is the Montezuma quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae).[3]


The genus contains three species:[4][5]

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Montezuma quail Cyrtonyx montezumae Mexico, Southwest United States
Ocellated quail Cyrtonyx ocellatus Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Nicaragua
Salle's quail Cyrtonyx sallei Michoacán, Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, Mexico


  1. ^ Gould, John (1844). A Monograph of the Odontophorinae, or Partridges of America. London: Printed by Richard and John E. Taylor. Plate [7] and text.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 129. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  3. ^ Peters, James Lee, ed. (1934). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 2. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 57.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pheasants, partridges, francolins". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  5. ^ IUCN (2020-08-26). "Cyrtonyx sallei: BirdLife International: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T22724748A178118227". doi:10.2305/ {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)