Cyrus L. W. Eidlitz
Cyrus Lazelle Warner Eidlitz (July 27, 1853– October 5, 1921) was a New York architect best known for designing One Times Square, the former New York Times Building on Times Square. He is founder of the architecture firm presently known as HLW International, one of the oldest architecture firms in the United States.
Early life and education
Cyrus Lazelle Warner Eidlitz was born in New York. He was the son of Lazelle Warner and influential New York architect Leopold Eidlitz, one of the founders of the American Institute of Architects. His father was of Jewish descent; his mother was Christian and the children were raised in that tradition. Cyrus Eidlitz was the nephew of the noted builder Marc Eidlitz of Marc Eidlitz & Son Builders N.Y.C. and the grandson of the architect Cyrus Warner (who was the father of architects Samuel A. Warner and Benjamin Warner). The young Eidlitz was educated in New York, Geneva, Switzerland and Stuttgart, where he studied architecture at the Polytechnic Institute.
Eidlitz began working for his father. His first independent work was the 1877-78 reconstruction of St. Peter's Church in the Bronx after it was damaged by fire. It had originally been designed by his father. His early Gothic and Romanesque Revival designs, including Dearborn Station in Chicago and the precursor to the current Buffalo & Erie County Public Library in Lafayette Square, show his father's influence. His Romanesque Revival design for the Metropolitan Telephone Building on Cortlandt Street (1886) was the first purpose-built telephone building in New York City.
By the turn of the century, Eidlitz embraced the Beaux-Arts style. In 1903, he formed Eidlitz & McKenzie with Andrew McKenzie, who had been a construction supervisor and engineer for his father's firm. Eidlitz & McKenzie was one of the first architecture firms that put architects and engineers on equal footing. Eidlitz & McKenzie worked primarily on telephone buildings, but their best known design was for the New York Times Building (1903–04) for the publisher Adolph Ochs. Their design used their expertise in connecting buildings to subterranean infrastructure. The building, the second-tallest in the city at the time, incorporated a subway stop into its basement levels. Times Square was named for the building.
Eidlitz's other works include the Association of the Bar of the City of New York (1898), located at 42 West 44th Street in New York City. It is still occupied by its original client, an unusual circumstance in a changing city. He also designed, with others, the Bell Laboratories Building (Manhattan), a National Historic Landmark, and the First National Bank on West Commerce street. The interior decoration design of the Arnot Memorial Chapel at Trinity Church in Elmira, New York is also attributed to him.
Marriage and family
Eidlitz married Jennie Turner Dudley (1854–1935), who was the daughter of Joseph Dana Dudley (1822–1880) and Caroline Felthousen (1835–1902) of Buffalo, New York. They had two daughters who were both born in New York City: Caroline Dudley Eidlitz (1878–1962), who married Alexander Ladd Ward (1874–1948) on December 14, 1904; and Marion Dudley Eidlitz (1882–1952), who married John Butler Jameson (1873–1960) on November 19, 1913.
Cyrus Lazelle Warner Eidlitz died in New York City on October 5, 1921.
- "Arnot Memorial Chapel; Affection's Tribute to the Departed". The New York Times. November 24, 1882. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
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- "Today in History: July 27, birthdate of Cyrus Eidlitz", Library of Congress American Memory,