Cyrus Longworth Lundell

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cyrus Longworth Lundell
Born(1907-11-05)November 5, 1907
DiedMarch 28, 1994(1994-03-28) (aged 86)
Scientific career

Cyrus Longworth Lundell (November 5, 1907 – March 28, 1994) was an American botanist.

Early achievement[edit]

At the age of 21, Lundell was a sophomore at Southern Methodist University (SMU). He was appointed assistant physiologist at the Tropical Plant Research Foundation in Washington, D.C. [1] He was to assist in British Honduras, with experiments on the sapodilla tree (Achras zapota), which yields chicle, for the U.S. chewing gum industry.[1]


Chicle is the natural gum from trees of the genus Manilkara, tropical evergreen trees native to southern North America and South America. It was traditionally used in chewing gum. While the Wrigley Company was a prominent user of this material, today there are only a few companies that still make chewing gum from natural chicle.


Lundell's work was a combination of conservation and economics. He was interested in the Maya culture and archaeology as well as botany.[1] While working for the Tropical Plant Research Foundation in 1931, he discovered the Maya city of Calakmul, which had been hidden in the jungle for 1,000 years. He discovered and identified more than 2,000 plants, many of them Texas natives.[2]


Cyrus Longworth Lundell is buried at Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery in Dallas, Texas.


Lundell is commemorated in the scientific name of a species of lizard, Sceloporus lundelli.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Lipscomb, Barney. "Cyrus Longworth Lundell 1907-1993". Archived from the original on 2007-11-06. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  2. ^ "Cyrus Longworth Lundell". Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  3. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Lundell", p. 163).
  4. ^ IPNI.  Lundell.