Cyrus Longworth Lundell
|Cyrus Longworth Lundell|
|Born||November 5, 1907|
|Died||March 28, 1994(aged 86)|
Cyrus Longworth Lundell (November 5, 1907 – March 28, 1994) was an American botanist.
At the age of 21, Lundell was a sophomore at Southern Methodist University (SMU). He was appointed assistant physiologist at the Tropical Plant Research Foundation in Washington, D.C.  He was to assist in British Honduras, with experiments on the sapodilla tree (Achras zapota), which yields chicle, for the U.S. chewing gum industry.
Chicle is the natural gum from Manilkara chicle, a tropical evergreen tree native to southern North America and South America. It was traditionally used in chewing gum. While the Wrigley Company was a prominent user of this material, today there are only a few companies that still make chewing gum from natural chicle.
Lundell's work was a combination of conservation and economics. He was interested in the Maya culture and archaeology as well as botany. While working for the Tropical Plant Research Foundation in 1931, he discovered the Maya city of Calakmul, which had been hidden in the jungle for 1000 years. He discovered and identified more than 2,000 plants, many of them Texas natives.
- Lipscomb, Barney. "Cyrus Longworth Lundell 1907-1993.". Retrieved 2007-11-06.
- "Cyrus Longworth Lundell". Retrieved 2007-11-06.
- IPNI. Lundell.
Lipscomb, Barney (2005). "Cyrus Longworth Lundell 1907-1993". HerbalGram 1995;34:67, American Botanical Council. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
"Cyrus Longworth Lundell". June 2000. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
|This article about an American botanist is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|