3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||222.26 g·mol−1|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Cystathionine is an intermediate in the synthesis of cysteine.
Cystathionine is produced by the transsulfuration pathway which converts homocysteine into cystathionine. Cystathionine is then used by the enzymes cystathionine gamma-lyase (CTH), cysteine dioxygenase (CDO), and cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase (CSAD) to produce hypotaurine and then taurine.
An excess of cystathionine in the urine is called cystathioninuria.
Biosynthetically, cystathionine is generated from homocysteine and serine by cystathionine beta synthase (upper reaction in the diagram below). It is then cleaved into cysteine and α-ketobutyrate by cystathionine gamma-lyase (lower reaction).