Cystoderma

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Cystoderma
Cystoderma spec. - Lindsey 1a.jpg
Cystoderma amianthinum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Cystoderma
Fayod
Type species
Agaricus amianthinum
(Scop.) Fayod

Cystoderma is a genus of fungi in the family Agaricaceae or Cystodermataceae. Its family position is in doubt and the family "Cystodermataceae"[1] and tribe "Cystodermateae" have been proposed to include this group following recent molecular work.[2]

Previously Cystoderma comprised a wider range of species but in 2002 Harmaja separated some of them off into the new genus Cystodermella (for instance Cystoderma cinnabarinum, C. elegans and C. granulosum).[3] The separation was made largely on the basis that the spores in the new genus were not at all amyloid. Those remaining in Cystoderma have weakly to strongly amyloid spores, tend to have a persistent ring and to have arthroconidia. DNA analysis supports the division into the two groups, but further investigation has shown that none of the morphological characteristics distinguish between them in a consistent clear-cut way.[4]

The name probably comes from the Greek kýstis meaning pouch and derma meaning skin.

List of species[edit]

Below is an incomplete list of Cystoderma species.

References[edit]

  1. ^ See the entry in Index Fungorum where Marcel V. Locquin proposed this family in 1984.
  2. ^ Matheny PB, Curtis JM, Hofstetter V, et al. (2006). "Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview" (PDF). Mycologia. 98: 982–95. PMID 17486974. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  3. ^ Harmaja H. (2002). "Amylolepiota, Clavicybe and Cystodermella, new genera of Agaricales". Karstenia. 42 (2): 39–48. 
  4. ^ Saar I. (2016). "Type studies of some Cystodermella (Agaricales,Basidiomycota) species". Karstenia. 102 (3-4): 491–500. 

External links[edit]