|Cytinus ruber from Sardinia|
Cytinus is a genus of parasitic flowering plants. Species in this genus do not produce chlorophyll, but rely fully on its host plant. Cytinus usually parasitizes Cistus and Halimium, two genera of plants in the Cistaceae family. It has also been found on Ptilostemon chamaepeuce.
Cytinus ruber is no longer considered a separate species, but is now a subspecies of C. hypocistis.
||This article needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources. (November 2014)|
The young C. hypocistis is cooked as an asparagus substitute and an extract has been used in herbal medicine for dysentery, throat tumors and as an astringent.[full citation needed][medical citation needed] C. ruber is also edible and was used in folk medicine as an emmenagogue.
- Cytinus capensis — South Africa
- Cytinus hypocistis — Mediterranean from Morocco to southern France and Turkey
- Cytinus ruber - Mediterranean (sometimes listed as C. hypocistis ssp. clusii)
- Cytinus sanguineus — South Africa
- Cytinus visseri — South Africa
- Govaerts, R. & Nickrent, D.L. (2010): 658. Cytinus ruber Cytinaceae. Bot. Mag. 26(4): 314-321.
- Nickrent, Daniel L.; Blarer, Albert; Qiu, Yin-Long; Vidal-Russell, Romina & Anderson, Frank E. (2004): Phylogenetic inference in Rafflesiales: the influence of rate heterogeneity and horizontal gene transfer. BMC Evolutionary Biology 4: 40. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-4-40
- Thorogood, C.J. & Hiscock, S.J. (2007): Host Specificity in the Parasitic Plant Cytinus hypocistis. Research Letters in Ecology. doi:10.1155/2007/84234 (with link to full text PDF)
- Burgoyne, P.M. (2006): A new species of Cytinus (Cytinaceae) from South Africa and Swaziland, with a key to the Southern African species. Novon 16(3): 315-319. Abstract
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