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Cyttaria from Chile growing in a tree branch
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Leotiomycetes
Order: Cyttariales
Family: Cyttariaceae
Genus: Cyttaria
Berk. (1842)
Type species
Cyttaria darwinii
Berk. (1842)

C. berteroi
C. darwinii
C. espinosae
C. gunnii
C. hariotii
C. nigra

Cyttaria sp. - MHNT

Cyttaria is a genus of ascomycete fungi. About 10 species belong to Cyttaria, found in South America and Australia associated with or growing on southern beech trees from the genus Nothofagus.[1] The "llao llao" fungus Cyttaria hariotii, one of the most common fungi in Andean-Patagonian forests,[2] has been shown to harbor the yeast Saccharomyces eubayanus, which may be source of the lager yeast S. pastorianus cold-tolerance.[3] Cyttaria was originally described by mycologist Miles Joseph Berkeley in 1842.[4]


  1. ^ Kirk MP, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 192. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  2. ^ Gamundd IJ, Horak E (1995). Fungi of the Andean-Patagonian Forests. Buenos Aires: Vazquez Mazzini Editores. ISBN 9509906379. 
  3. ^ Libkind D, Hittinger CT, Valério E, Gonçalves C, Dover J, Johnston M, Gonçalves P, Sampaio JP (2011). "Microbe domestication and the identification of the wild genetic stock of lager-brewing yeast". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108 (35): 14539–44. doi:10.1073/pnas.1105430108. PMC 3167505Freely accessible. PMID 21873232. 
  4. ^ Berkeley MJ. (1842). "On an edible fungus from Tierra del Fuego, and an allied Chilian species". Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London. 19: 37–43.