Czarne

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Czarne
Church of the Assumption from 1757
Church of the Assumption from 1757
Coat of arms of Czarne
Czarne is located in Poland
Czarne
Czarne
Coordinates: 53°41′N 16°57′E / 53.683°N 16.950°E / 53.683; 16.950
Country Poland
VoivodeshipPomeranian
CountyCzłuchów
GminaCzarne
Area
 • Total46.39 km2 (17.91 sq mi)
Elevation
136 m (446 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total5,917
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Postal code
77-330
Websitehttp://www.czarne.pl

Czarne [ˈt͡ʂarnɛ] (German: Hammerstein)[1] is a town in Człuchów County of the Pomeranian Voivodeship in northwestern Poland.

Demographics[edit]

History[edit]

Remains of the castle
Old townhouses in the town center

The area formed part of the Kingdom of Poland until the Teutonic invasion in 1308. Konrad von Jungingen granted the settlement town privileges in 1395. It lay on the bank of the Czarna river, hence its modern name. It was an important trade and military point due to the nearby Teutonic Order and Pomeranian frontier. In 1454 the town and region were incorporated to Poland by King Casimir IV Jagiellon. After the Thirteen Years' War, according to the Second Peace of Thorn (1466), it was recognized as part of Poland. Since then the town was part of the Pomeranian Voivodeship in the Polish province of Royal Prussia, and later also in the province of Greater Poland. Czarne was the seat of the starosts (local royal administrators), they resided in the local castle. In 1627, it was site of the Battle of Czarne, in which Poles under the command of Stanisław Koniecpolski defeated the invading Swedes.

After the First Partition of Poland in 1772 the town was annexed by Prussia. It became part of the newly established Province of West Prussia in 1773. Prussian authorities ordered the demolition of the Czarne castle. In 1885 the Prussian Army built a large training ground (Übungsplatz) there.

In World War I the German Army used it for a large prisoner-of-war camp for Russian prisoners. In World War II it was the site of the notorious Stalag II-B in which tens of thousands, mainly Soviet prisoners, died from disease, mistreatment and malnutrition. In 1945 the town was ceded to Poland according to the post-war Potsdam Agreement as part of the Recovered Territories. Germans remaining in the town were expelled and replaced with Poles.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Rudolf Hellgrewe (1860–1935), landscape painter and illustrator, painted Germany's colonies.
  • Alexander Beer (1873–1944), architect
  • Henryk Moruś (1943–2013), Polish serial killer who was convicted in 1993 for committing seven murders

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Territory of Germany" (in German). 2017-11-27.

Coordinates: 53°41′N 16°57′E / 53.683°N 16.950°E / 53.683; 16.950