Czech Brazilians

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Czech Brazilians
Tcheco-brasileiro  · Český Brazilec
Total population
5,000[1]
Regions with significant populations

Brazil:

Mainly Southeastern and Southern Brazil
Languages
Predominantly Portuguese. Some also speak Czech
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic
Related ethnic groups
Other White Brazilians, Czech people

Czech Brazilians refer to Brazilians of Czech descent who were born in or who trace their ancestry to the territory of the historic Czech lands or succession states, now known as the Czech Republic, and are residents and/or citizens of Brazil.

Czech people in Brazil[edit]

Although Czech Jesuits such as Valentin Stansel had been working in Brazil since the 18th century, the first Czech immigrants arrived in 1823. Among these early immigrants was Jan Nepomuk Kubíček, a Catholic carpenter from Třeboň and one of the great-grandfathers of Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, the 24th President of Brazil (from 1956 to 1961).[2][3]

In the 20th century there were three large waves of Czechs who moved to Brazil: in the 1930s, after the Communist takeover (1948) and after the occupation of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact troops (1968). Most of those immigrants settled down in Southern Brazil.[4]

Southern Brazil[edit]

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Czechs
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg

More or less influence of the Czech immigration can be noticed in the three states of Southern Brazil (Santa Catarina, Paraná, and Rio Grande do Sul). In such states, the Czechs arrived since the 19th century and were often a minority in areas predominantly settled by Germans or Poles.[5][6]

In Santa Catarina, the Czech immigrants occupied the regions of Vale do Itajaí[5] and Northern parts of the state, e.g. Joinville,[7] São Bento do Sul[8][9] and Mafra.[10]

In Rio Grande do Sul, most Czechs settled down in the Serra Gaúcha (notably in the town of Nova Petrópolis), the North Coast, the area of Missões and the Central Lowlands.[11]

In Paraná, the Czech immigration is noticeable in the Northern areas, e.g. Rolândia and Londrina, where in 1932-1940's Czechs and Poles used to dispute the available lands for coffee cultivation, particularly in the rural district of Warta (Northern Londrina).[12][13]

Central-Western Brazil[edit]

In Central-Western Brazil the Czech immigrants arrived mostly in the 1940-1950's led by the entrepreneur Jan Antonín Baťa, a Czech shoe manufacturer who left Czechoslovakia after the Nazi occupation of the Sudetenland.[14]

The colonization of part of the Southeastern region of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul was made possible thanks to the Companhia Viação São Paulo-Mato Grosso (São Paulo-Mato Grosso Transport Company) owned by Baťa and managed by another Czech immigrant, Vladimir Kubik.

Institutions and Cultural Organizations[edit]

Notable Czech Brazilians[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Czech in Brazil
  2. ^ Fňukal, Miloš RNDr. Ph.D. - Regionální geografie Ameriky: Brazílie
  3. ^ Os quatro irmãos - Do Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek
  4. ^ Embaixada da República Tcheca no Brasil - Relações Bilaterais
  5. ^ a b Modernell, Renato - O Vale dos Imigrantes. Revista Terra, São Paulo, v. 63, p. 26 - 33, 01 jul. 1997
  6. ^ Ruiz, João Henrique Weber (16 March 2006). "Warta "nasceu" antes mesmo de Londrina" [Warta "originated" even before Londrina]. Jornal Comtexto, Londrina (in Portuguese). unopar.br. III (72). Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. 
  7. ^ "Santa Caterina - Brasil: Caminho dos Príncipes: Joinville" [Santa Catarina - Brazil: Path of the Princes: Joinville] (in Portuguese). santacatarinaturismo.com.br. Archived from the original on 15 May 2007. 
  8. ^ São Bento do Sul, Santa Catarina - Official Website
  9. ^ Brazilian Association of Hotel Industry (ABIH) Santa Catarina
  10. ^ "Histórico de Mafra" [History of Mafra] (in Portuguese). mafra.sc.gov.br. Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. 
  11. ^ "Prefeitura de Nova Petrópolis - Etnia tcheca é homenageada na Assembléia Legislativa" [Nova Petrópolis prefecture - Czech ethnicity honoured at the Legislative Assembly] (in Portuguese). novapetropolis.rs.gov.br. [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Ruiz, Glacy Weber - Londrina
  13. ^ Prefeitura de Rolândia (PR)História do município Archived 2007-05-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ "Kelpsidra". Retrieved May 20, 2012. 

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