Czech Land Forces
|Czech Land Forces|
Emblem of the Czech Land Forces
|Founded||1 January 1993|
|Part of||Czech Armed Forces|
|Engagements||War in Iraq |
War in Afghanistan
|Land Forces Commander||Brig. Gen. Ladislav Jung|
|National emblem[Note 1]|
The Czech Land Forces (Czech: Pozemní síly)[Note 2] are the land warfare force of the Czech Republic. The Land Forces consisting of various types of arms and services complemented by air and special operations forces constitute the core of the Czech Armed Forces. Land Forces Command is located in Olomouc.
Peacetime structure comprises two mechanized brigades, an airborne regiment and specialized regiments of artillery, logistics, engineers, CBRN defence, reconnaissance and electronic warfare. Mechanized brigades are equipped with various types of combat vehicles to ensure the execution of different combat operations.
The Czech Land Forces are the biggest and decisive part of the Army of the Czech Republic. In coordination with other services they are organized to defend the national territory. Under a crisis situation and in the event of hostilities they form the core of operation task force of the allied joint force and eventually they are complemented by mobilized units. The Land Forces are also designed for fulfilment of commitment in compliance with the Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty and tasks on behalf of the state administration authorities.
Small arms of the Czech Land Forces are mainly supplied by CZUB, e.g. CZ 805 BREN and BREN 2 assault rifles, CZ 75 pistols and CZ Scorpion Evo 3 submachine guns. The Czech Armed Forces are equipped with about 3,000 T810 and T815 vehicles of various modifications produced by Tatra.
Principal weapons systems of the Czech Land Forces include T-72 tanks (T-72M1 produced in Czechoslovakia and T-72M4CZ modernized in Czech Republic), BVP-2 infantry fighting vehicles (Czechoslovak-produced version of BMP-2), Pandur II and Iveco LMV wheeled combat vehicles and 152mm vz. 77 DANA self-propelled howitzers.
Major armaments and combat equipment as of 1 January 2020:
- 116 main battle tanks
- 430 armoured fighting vehicles
- 149 IFV- and APC-based special vehicles
- 157 light armoured vehicles
- 179 artillery systems (152mm howitzers and 120mm mortars)
Soldiers armed with CZ 805 and RPG-7
Paratroopers armed with BREN 2 and Carl Gustaf
Tatra 815 with pontoon bridge components
LR 130 RCH
MKEB EW system
Land Forces Command (Czech: Velitelství pozemních sil) is located in Olomouc. Prague was the location of Land Forces Command from July 2013 to June 2020. Between 2003–2013 Land Forces were an integral part of the Joint Forces Command in Olomouc.
The command structure is hierarchical, with brigades and regiments controlling groups of units. Major units are battalion-sized, and minor units are company or platoon-sized units. Airborne Regiment has a unique structure comprising several commandos and centres.
Czech Land Forces are composed of both Regular (full-time) and Active Reserve (part-time) units. Active Reserve platoons, companies and specialized units are affiliated to respective regular units. Moreover, there are 14 Regional Military Headquarters of the Territorial Command, and each one has an Active Reserve infantry company.
Transformation of the 600-strong 43rd Airborne Battalion to 43rd Airborne Regiment with more than 1,200 soldiers scheduled for October 2020 is based upon the 2014 Wales summit declaration regarding the NATO Response Force and Very High Readiness Joint Task Force (VJTF).
- 4th Rapid Deployment Brigade, in Žatec – cooperating with (not part of) the German Army 10th Panzer Division
- 7th Mechanized Brigade, in Hranice
- Headquarters and Staff
- 71st Mechanized Battalion, in Hranice (BVP-2)
- 72nd Mechanized Battalion, in Přáslavice (BVP-2)
- 73rd Tank Battalion, in Přáslavice (T-72M4CZ, T-72M1)
- 74th Mechanized Battalion, in Bučovice – transformed from 74th Light Motorized Battalion in 2020 (prepared for new infantry fighting vehicles)
- 43rd Airborne Regiment, in Chrudim
Combat Support Forces
- 13th Artillery Regiment, in Jince
- Headquarters and Staff
- Command Support Battery
- 131st Artillery Battalion (152mm SpGH DANA)
- 132nd Artillery Battalion (152mm SpGH DANA)
- Active Reserve Battery (152mm SpGH DANA)
- STAR Battery (ARTHUR Artillery Tracking Radar, Sněžka Surveillance and Reconnaissance System)
- Logistic Company
- 15th Engineer Regiment, in Bechyně
- 31st Regiment of Radiological, Chemical and Biological Protection, in Liberec
- 53rd Regiment of Reconnaissance and Electronic Warfare, in Opava
Combat Service Support Forces
- 14th Logistic Support Regiment, in Pardubice
MOD's Logistics Agency has been building the Host Nation Support (HNS) Battalion in Rakovník since October 2018. HNS Battalion is not part of the Land Forces as it reports directly to the Logistics Agency.
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- Stropnický, Martin. "Ministr Stropnický: Spolupráce armád je základem naší obranyschopnosti" [Minister Stropnicky: Cooperation between the [Czech and German] armed forces is the foundation of our defence]. army.cz. Ministerstvo obrany České republiky. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
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- Šiška, Martin (9 March 2020). "4. brigáda rychlého nasazení: Hlavní část mobilních sil Armády ČR" [4th Rapid Deployment Brigade: the main component of Czech Army mobile forces]. CZDEFENCE.cz – Czech Army & Defence Magazine. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Útvary brigády" [Brigade's units]. 7mb.army.cz (in Czech). Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- "Organizační struktura" [Organizational structure]. 13dp.army.cz (in Czech). Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- "Velení a struktura" [Command and Structure]. zenijnipluk.army.cz (in Czech). Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Organizační struktura 53. pPzEB" [53rd Reccon/EW Rgt. Organizational Structure]. 53pluk.army.cz (in Czech). Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "14. pluk logistické podpory" [14th Logistic Support Regiment]. 14plogp.army.cz (in Czech). Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Bude podporovat větší uskupení vojsk" [Battalion will support large military formations]. army.cz (in Czech). Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. 17 October 2018. Retrieved 29 June 2020.