Czech Republic–Republic of Macedonia relations

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Czech-Macedonian relations
Map indicating locations of Czech Republic and Macedonia

Czech Republic


Czech-Macedonian relations refers to the bilateral political relations between the Czech Republic and the Republic of Macedonia. Republic of Macedonia has an embassy in Prague, whilst the Czech Republic has a consular agency in Skopje.

Bilateral relations are excellent and besides the fact that Macedonia became an independent country only in 1991, Czech-Macedonian relations have a long tradition.[1][2]

Historical relations[edit]

Before 1991, much of the relations occurred in the context between Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia.

Between the two world wars, from 1924 to 1938, the Czechoslovak Republic had a consulate in Skopje, which in that period was (as was the whole of today's Republic of Macedonia) a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

The Czechoslovak consul in Skopje in 1928, Vladimír Znojemský, underlined in his reports the existence of a Macedonian nation in Macedonia, which is "different from what the others are, whose people speak a different language and feel different".[2][3]

In the period between 1918 and World War II Czechoslovakia supported the several Macedonian initiatives on recognition of the Macedonian nation.[2] At that time, the Macedonian nation was not recognized by the authorities of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Instead, the Macedonians were regarded as (Southern) Serbs.

In 1968, when the Warsaw Pact invaded Czechoslovakia, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia (at that time a republic within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) supported Czechoslovakia.[2] A lot of manifestations were held throughout Macedonia in order to support Czechoslovakia and to protest against what was happening.[2]

Relations today[edit]

The Czech Republic offers continuous support to the Republic of Macedonia considering the country's accession to the European Union and NATO, which is among the top strategic priorities of Macedonia.[1]

The cooperation in the field of economy between Macedonia and the Czech Republic is good and improving. The level of trade exchange between the two countries shows a positive trend.[1] Many companies from the Czech Republic have so far invested in Macedonia.[1]

Other spheres of good cooperation between the two states are tourism and education.[1]

The Czech Republic is also a country that recognizes Macedonia under its constitutional name Republic of Macedonia[4][5] and supports it in the name row with Greece.[6] The Czech Republic therefore is one of 131[7] states in total, which have also recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name.

Diplomatic representations[edit]

The embassy of the Czech Republic in Macedonia was opened in September 2006 and is located in Skopje.[8] The Macedonian embassy in the Czech Republic, which was opened in January 2008, is in the capital Prague.[2][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Macedonia, Czech Republic nourish excellent relations, bolster economic cooperation Macedonian Information Agency. 25-01-2011
  2. ^ a b c d e f Соработката со Чешка има долга традиција (in Macedonian). Dnevnik. Liljana Grdžo Damovska; 22-05-2009
  3. ^ "The consciousness of the Slavonic Orthodox population in Pirin Macedonia and the identity of the population of Moravia and Moravian Slovakia". Sprawy Narodowościowe. Page 183-197. Instytut Slawistyki Polskiej Akademii Nauk. J. Rychlík; issue: 31/2007
  4. ^ Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia The President of the Senate of the Czech Republic, Mr. Premysl Sobotka on an official visit to the Republic of Macedonia upon an invitation by the President of the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia, Mr. Trajko Veljanoski. 19-06-2009
  5. ^ „Збројовка" ќе учествува во модернизацијата на АРМ (in Macedonian). Utrinski vesnik. Saško Dimevski; 13-11-2004
  6. ^ Macedonian name positions are correct, says Czech President Macedonian Information Agency. 10-02-2010
  7. ^ Bolivia is 131. country to use Macedonia's constitutional name Archived January 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Ekonom:east Media Group. 20-01-2011
  8. ^ a b Macedonian Diplomatic Bulletin Republic of Macedonia - Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Igor Ilievski; No. 23, February 2009

External links[edit]