Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
|Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze|
|Established||1906 / 1952|
|Rector||Prof. Ing. Jiri Balik CSc.|
|Students||18 000 (2007)|
|Location||Prague, Czech Republic|
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CULS; (Czech: Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze), ČZU; also Czech University of Agriculture in Prague) is a university of agricultural education and research in Prague, the Czech Republic, established in 1906.
Studies of agriculture were established at the Czech Technical University (ČVUT) in 1906, and the first agricultural engineers graduated in 1911. In 1920 the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry was established, and in 1952 the faculty became an independent institution, University College of Agriculture in Prague (Czech: Vysoká škola zemědělská v Praze; VŠZ). In 1966 it moved to a newly built campus in Prague-Suchdol, where it has been located since.
The Faculty of Forestry, established in 1952, was part of ČVUT until 1959, then a part of the agricultural university until 1964, when it became the independent Institute of Forestry Science (Czech: Vědecký lesnický ústav). It has been a part of ČZU since 1990.
The university adopted its current name in 1995.
From 1952 to 1980 the Masters degree offered by the university lasted five years. It then switched to a four-year course from 1980-90, before switching back to five years. Since 1993 three-year bachelor study has also been available.
The university runs five two-year MSc programmes taught in English (Economics and Management, Natural Resources and Environment Forestry, Water and Landscape Management, Informatics, and Technology and Environmental Engineering), as well as a two-year education programme for the elderly.
The Secretary of the Interfaculty Committee Agraria is located at CULS. In 2005 the Czech University of Life Sciences (CULS) became a member of the Euroleague for Life Sciences (ELLS), and it is also a member of the Biofector project.
Faculties and Institutes
- The Faculty of Economics and Management provides courses related to the management of agricultural companies, and the management and economics of rural and non-urban businesses, including finance, banking, insurance, IT, trade, rural and regional development and other issues related to the agrifood complex. Since 2014, the Dean of the Faculty is Martin Pelikán.
- The Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources provides courses related to traditional fields of crop and animal production, natural resources and the environment. Since 2010, the Dean of the Faculty is Pavel Tlustoš.
- The Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences provides courses related to forestry, game management, and the timber industry. The Faculty works on theoretical and applied research in the field of forestry, wood industry and management of wild animals. Since 2011, the Dean of the Faculty is Marek Turcani.
- The graduates of the Faculty of Engineering are industrial engineers who work with technology, machinery and manufacturing equipment for use in agriculture, market gardening, forestry and other related industries. Since 2009, the Dean of the Faculty is Vladimir Jurca.
- The Institute of Tropics and Subtropics provides courses focusing on tropical and subtropical zones, animal production, mechanisation of agriculture, and agricultural management. Since 2012 the Director of the Institute is Jan Banout.
- The Institute for Education and Consultancy is an independent pedagogical and scientific institution specialising in agricultural and forestry training and providing consultant services.
- The Department of Physical Education is an independent department of the Czech University of Agriculture and provides physical training to students.
- The University Farm at Lány is an educational facility, founded in 1960 on a farm that had previously belonged to the Office of the President of the Czechoslovak Republic. Surrounding the farm were properties established in around 1850 as part of the Křivoklát Estate. In 1921 they were purchased by the Czechoslovak state together with Lány Castle and the forest districts. The castle and adjacent forests are now used as a retreat by the President of the Czech Republic. The farm is used for practical training for students of the university as well as other agricultural schools and the public. It participates in the research work undertaken by departments and faculties of the university. The farm cultivates 3,000 hectares of farmland with annual production of about 9,000 tonnes of grain, 2,000 tonnes oilseed rape and fodder crops for the farm's own use. As a gene pool, the University Farm rears a herd of original Czech Red cattle, Kladruber horses and Norik horses. There is also a herd of common elands and guanacos, on which research is being conducted into domestication and utilisation as alternative species for extensive farming in temperate climate.
- The Mělník farm north east of Prague cultivates 11 hectares of grapevines and produces its own wine. Apricots, peaches and apples are also grown on 4.5 hectares of land. The University Farm has 1,100 head of cattle, of which 440 are Holsteins with annual production of 9,400 litres of milk, and 80 are Jerseys with annual production of 5,900 litres milk. The farm also rears about 4,000 head of pigs, which produce approximately 400 tonnes of pig meat annually. The farm produces 600,000 chickens each year, which are slaughtered and processed in the farm's own slaughterhouses.
- The University Forest Establishment at Kostelec nad Černými lesy is a 4,600 hectare forest with a castle, a garden centre, a sawmill, 70 hectares of fishponds, and education facilities, used for routine forestry operations and education of students of the Faculty of Forestry, as well as practical training in fish farming for students of the Agronomy and Forestry Faculties.
- A 12-hectare arboretum was established in 1954. The castle has the capacity to accommodate and cater for some 100 students.
- 1952-1960 - Vladimir Kosil
- 1960-1966 - Karel Kudrna
- 1966-1970 - Emil Kunz
- 1970-1985 - Ctibor Ledl
- 1985-1990 - Josef Cervenka
- 1990-1994 - Jiří Petr
- 1994-2000 - Jan Hron
- 2000-2003 - Josef Kozak
- 2003-2009 - Jan Hron
- 2010-present - Jiri Balik
Notable professors and alumni
- Manfred G. Raupp (born 1941), Professor of the Steering committee, Training and Dissemination of the Biofector project
- Pavel Tlustoš (born 1955), Professor in Agrochemistry and Plant Nutrition