Czech nationalism is a form of nationalism which asserts that Czechs are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of Czechs. Modern Czech nationalism arose in the 19th century in the form of the Czech National Revival. In 1848, Czech nationalism became an important political factor in the Austrian Empire due to the activities of the Old Czech Party, led by František Palacký. During World War I, Czech nationalist politicians, such as Karel Kramář in the Czech lands and Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk abroad, endorsed the idea of independence from Austro-Hungarian rule.
The transformation of Czechoslovakia into a liberal market economy during the years 1990-1992 saw disputes between Czechs and Slovaks about the character of the Czechoslovak federation. Separatist forces were strengthened by Slovak nationalist aspirations as well as by Czech economic nationalism, the latter based on the perception that the Czech lands were subsidizing less-developed Slovakia. Czechoslovakia was divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, with the Czech Republic becoming independent on 1 January 1993.
List of Czech nationalist political parties
Current nationalist parties or parties with nationalist factions
- Freedom and Direct Democracy
- Unified – Alternative for Patriots
- Tricolour Citizens' Movement
- Civic Democratic Party
- Civic Conservative Party
- Party of Common Sense
- National Democracy
- Workers' Party of Social Justice
- Czech National Social Party
- National Socialists – Left of the 21st century
- Party of Civic Rights
- Czech National Socialist Party
- Czech Sovereignty
- Motyl, Alexander J. (2001). Encyclopedia of Nationalism, Volume II. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-227230-7. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- Zdeněk L. Suda (2001). "The Curious Side of Modern Czech Nationalism" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- Skalnik Leff, Carol. The Czech and Slovak Republics. Nation versus state. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-2922-1.