Czechoslovak People's Army

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CSPA tank parade in Prague on Victory Day, 9 May 1985.

The Czechoslovak People's Army (Czech: Československá lidová armáda, Slovak: Československá ľudová armáda, ČSLA) was the armed forces of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic from 1954[1] until 1990. From 1955 it was a member force of the Warsaw Pact. On 14 March 1990 the Army's name was reverted to the Czechoslovak Army removing the adjective "People's" from the name. Czechoslovak Army was split into the Army of the Czech Republic and the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia on 1 January 1993.

Transition to Communist rule[edit]

On 25 May 1945 the Provisional organization of the Czechoslovak armed forces was approved, according to which there was a reorganization of the Czechoslovak army. Soldiers who had fought against Nazism on all fronts of World War II gradually returned. The territory of Czechoslovakia was divided into four military areas in which emerged gradually over 16 infantry divisions, which complemented the Tank Corps and Artillery Division. The Czech I Corps which had served under Soviet control became the 1st Czech Army, before becoming the 1st Military Area.[2] Initial optimism about the plans to rebuild the army was replaced by disillusionment, stemming from a broken post-war economy and the lack of human and material resources. The Czechoslovak Army after the war was commissioned to expel Germans and Hungarians, and was also involved in helping the national economy. In addition, units of the National Security Corps participated in the fighting against the Organisation of Ukrainian Nationalists.

After 1948, when the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia took power, there were significant changes in the military. More than half of the officers began to experience persecution as well as soldiers, and many were forced to leave. The political processes focused mainly on soldiers who fought in World War II in Western Europe, but paradoxically there was also persecution of soldiers fighting the war on the Eastern Front. The army came fully under the power of the Communist Party and in 1950 there was a major reorganization of the Soviet model, and the military areas were disbanded. In 1951 there was signed between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union the Agreement on the manner and terms of settlement for the supplied equipment and material provided by the USSR loan of almost 44 million rubles for the purchase of military equipment, especially aircraft and radars. There has been an increase in proliferation and increasing the number of members of the army, which since 1953 has reached 300,000 people.

Components[edit]

The ČSLA was composed of Ground Forces, Air Forces and Air Defence Forces.

Ground Forces[edit]

Of the approximately 201,000 personnel on active duty in the ČSLA in 1987, about 145,000, or about 72 percent, served in the ground forces (commonly referred to as the army). About 100,000 of these were conscripts.[3] There were two military districts, Western and Eastern. They contained infantry, supported by tanks, armoured vehicles, and artillery. Czechoslovak military doctrine demanded large tank columns spearheading infantry assaults. While the armoured columns secured objectives, the infantry would provide close support with mortars, snipers, anti-tank guns and medium artillery. The majority of the soldiers in the Ground Forces were recruited through conscription, compulsory military service of 24 months for all males between 18 and 27.

Air Force[edit]

The Czechoslovak Air Force was fully equipped with supersonic jet fighters, attack helicopters, air defence systems and electronic tracking equipment.

Air Defence Forces[edit]

The Army's air defence (PVOS, Protivzdušná obrana státu) was formed with anti-aircraft missile units, interceptor fighter aircraft and special services radio-technical units (radar and direction-finding).

Czechoslovak People's Army Organisation 1989[edit]

In 1989 the Czechoslovak People's Army consisted of the following units:[4]

Ministry of National Defence[edit]

  • Ministry of National Defence in Prague
    • Main Missile Troops and Artillery Directorate
    • Main Political Department
    • Main Medical Department
    • Main Military Transport Directorate
    • Main Construction and Accommodation Directorate
      • 1st Road Construction Brigade in Pardubice
        • 103rd Road Construction Battalion in Klecany
        • 104th Road Construction Battalion in Nepomuk
        • 107th Road Construction Battalion in Chrudim
        • 108th Road Construction Battalion in Prague
        • 109th Road Construction Battalion in Stará Boleslav
        • 112th Road Construction Battalion in České Budějovice
        • 113th Road Construction Battalion in Týn nad Vltavou
        • 115th Road Construction Battalion in Týn nad Vltavou
        • 116th Road Construction Battalion in Horažďovice
      • 2nd Road Construction Brigade in Bratislava
        • 101st Road Construction Battalion in Vyškov
        • 102nd Road Construction Battalion in Liptovský Mikuláš
        • 105th Road Construction Battalion in Bratislava
        • 106th Road Construction Battalion in Levice
        • 110th Road Construction Battalion in Zbraslav
        • 114th Road Construction Battalion in Levice
    • Equipment Department
    • Quartermaster Department
    • Combat Training Department
    • Educational Department
      • Military Ground Forces University in Vyškov
      • Military Air Forces University in Košice
        • 1st Air School Regiment in Přerov with MiG-21F-13 fighters
          • 1st Flight School Squadron
          • 2nd Flight School Squadron
          • 3rd Flight School Squadron
          • 4th Flight School Squadron
          • 28th Air Base Battalion
          • 11th Electronic Support Battalion
        • 2nd Air School Regiment in Košice with Aero L-29 Delfín and L-39 Albatros jet trainers
          • 1st Flight School Squadron
          • 2nd Flight School Squadron
          • 3rd Flight School Squadron
          • 4th Flight School Squadron
          • 20th Air Base Battalion
          • 4th Electronic Support Battalion
        • 3rd Air School Regiment in Piešťany with Mi-2 helicopters
          • 1st Flight School Squadron
          • 2nd Flight School Squadron
          • 3rd Air Base and Electronic Support Battalion
        • Foreign Air Forces Training Center in Košice
        • 10th Military Air Forces Maintenance Center in Prešov
      • Military Technical University in Liptovský Mikuláš
    • Engineer Troops Department
      • Repair Base 042 in Olomouc
    • Fuel Distribution Department
    • Chemical Troops Department
    • Professional Sport Army Center DUKLA in Banská Bystrica
    • Veterinary Service Section
      • Military Veterinary Research and Training Institute in Košice
    • Automobile Repair Plant Zlatovce in Trenčín
    • Central Tank and Automobile Depot in Nitra

General Staff of the Czechoslovak People's Army[edit]

  • General Staff of the Czechoslovak People's Army in Prague
    • Main Intelligence Directorate
      • 78th Special Purpose Radio Center in Litoměřice
      • 22nd Special Purpose Airborne Brigade in Prostějov
        • Headquarters and Staff Company
        • 1st Special Reconnaissance Division
        • 2nd Special Reconnaissance Division
        • 3rd Special Reconnaissance Division
        • Support Weapons Company
        • Special Signal Center
        • Training Center
    • Main Operations Directorate
      • 101st Headquarters Battalion in Prague
      • 102nd Headquarters Battalion in Prague
    • Main Signal Troops Directorate
      • Signal Operating Center
        • Signal Node of the General Staff
    • Topographical Department
      • Military Topographic Institute in Dobruška
      • Military Cartographic Institute in Harmanec
      • Military Geographic Institute in Prague
      • 5th Geodetic Detachment in Opava
      • Central Topographic Maps Depot in Prague
      • Research Center 090 in Prague

Western Military District[edit]

Czechoslovak People's Army is located in Czech Republic
District HQ9th Tank Division
District HQ
9th Tank Division
1st Army
1st Army
1st Tank Division
1st Tank Division
2nd Motor Rifle Division
2nd Motor Rifle Division
19th Motor Rifle Division
19th Motor Rifle Division
20th Motor Rifle Division
20th Motor Rifle Division
4th Army
4th Army
3rd Motor Rifle Division
3rd Motor Rifle Division
4th Tank Division
4th Tank Division
15th Motor Rifle Division
15th Motor Rifle Division
Soviet HQ
Soviet HQ
Czechoslovak People's Army
18th Motor Rifle Division15th Tank Division
18th Motor Rifle Division
15th Tank Division
31st Tank Division
31st Tank Division
48th Motor Rifle Division
48th Motor Rifle Division
Western Military District main units and Soviet formations (in red) in 1989
Western Military District Operational Structure in 1989 (click to enlarge)
  • Western Military District in Tábor
    • 2nd Headquarters Regiment in Tábor
    • 247th Support Battalion in Tábor (Code Name for the Intelligence Directorate of the Western Military District)
    • 6th Headquarters Guard Battalion in Příbram
    • 71st Airborne Assault Battalion in Chrudim
      • Headquarters Platoon
      • Parachute Airborne Company
      • Anti-tank Squad
      • Mortar Squad
      • Supply Platoon
    • 7th Artillery Division in Pardubice
      • 17th High Power Artillery Division in Žamberk
        • Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery
        • 1st Self-propelled Guns Battery with 4x 203mm 2S7 Pion self-propelled guns
        • 2nd Self-propelled Guns Battery with 4x 203mm 2S7 Pion self-propelled guns
        • Self-propelled Mortars Battery with 4x 240mm 2S4 Tyulpan self-propelled mortars
      • 71st Cannon Artillery Brigade in Žamberk
        • Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery
        • 1st Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 130mm M1954 towed howitzers
        • 2nd Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 130mm M1954 towed howitzers
        • 3rd Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 130mm M1954 towed howitzers
        • 4th Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 130mm M1954 towed howitzers
        • Transport Company
      • 74th Rocket Launcher Brigade (a reserve formation only activated in war)
        • Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery
        • 1st Rocket Launcher Division with 18x RM-70 122mm multiple rocket launchers
        • 2nd Rocket Launcher Division with 18x RM-70 122mm multiple rocket launchers
        • 3rd Rocket Launcher Division with 18x RM-70 122mm multiple rocket launchers
        • 4th Rocket Launcher Division with 18x RM-70 122mm multiple rocket launchers
      • 75th Heavy Howitzer Artillery Brigade in Pardubice
        • Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery
        • 1st Heavy Howitzer Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers
        • 2nd Heavy Howitzer Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers
        • 3rd Heavy Howitzer Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers
        • 4th Heavy Howitzer Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers
    • 311th Heavy Artillery Brigade in Jince
      • 11th Heavy Artillery Division with SS-1C Scud-B tactical ballistic missiles
      • 12th Heavy Artillery Division with SS-1C Scud-B tactical ballistic missiles
      • 13th Heavy Artillery Division with OTR-23 Oka theatre ballistic missiles
    • 82nd Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade in Jihlava
      • 183rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Battalion with 2K11 Krug systems
      • 185th Anti-Aircraft Missile Battalion with 2K11 Krug systems
      • 187th Anti-Aircraft Missile Battalion with 2K11 Krug systems
    • 1st Transport Brigade in Olomouc
    • 3rd Transport Brigade in Hlučín
      • 66th Transport Battalion in Vrútky
      • 73rd Transport Battalion in Hlučín
      • 74th Transport Battalion in Vrútky
      • 76th Fuel Transport Battalion in Čereňany
    • 11th Supply Brigade in Bílina
      • 11th Transport Battalion in Dobříš
      • 12th Transport Battalion in Nechranice
      • 13th Transport Battalion in Nechranice
      • 14th Transport Battalion in Lešany
      • 15th Fuel Transport Battalion in Stříbro
      • 98th Medical Evacuation Battalion in Terezín
    • 21st Supply Brigade in Pardubice
      • 21st Transport Battalion in Pardubice
      • 22nd Transport Battalion in Bílek
      • 23rd Transport Battalion in Dolní Bousov
      • 24th Transport Battalion in Čáslav
      • 25th Fuel Transport Battalion in Pardubice
      • 38th Medical Evacuation Battalion in Těchonín
      • 58th Medical Evacuation Battalion in Znojmo
    • 7th Road Bridge Engineer Brigade in Hodonín
      • 74th Road Engineer Battalion in Rajhrad
      • 75th Road Bridge Engineer Battalion in Znojmo
      • 78th Pontoon Bridge Battalion in Hodonín
      • 78th Engineer Material Depot in Hodonín
    • 10th Pontoon Bridge Brigade in Kostelec nad Labem
      • 101st Pontoon Battalion
      • 102nd Pontoon Battalion
      • 103rd Pontoon Battalion
      • 104th Pontoon Battalion
      • 10th Transport Battalion
    • 32nd Road Engineer Brigade in Horní Počaply
      • 251st Road Engineer Battalion in Bílina
      • 252nd Road Engineer Battalion in Prachatice
      • 253rd Road Engineer Battalion in Horní Počaply
      • 254th Road Construction Battalion in Přelouč
      • 255th Road Bridge Engineer Battalion in Horní Počaply
      • 256th Special Road Bridge Engineer Battalion Teplice
    • 5th Signal Brigade in Strašice
      • 1st Signal Battalion
      • 2nd Signal Battalion
      • 3rd Signal Battalion
    • 6th Radio-technical Brigade in Plzeň
      • 6th Operating Battalion
      • 66th Radio-technical Battalion with P-15 UH and P-18 VHF radars and 1RL111D target acquisition radars
      • 67th Radio-technical Battalion with PRV-16 radar altimeters
    • 7th Special Purpose Electronic Intelligence Brigade in Zbiroh
      • 60th Signal Battalion in Unhošť
        • Headquarters Company
        • Operating Company
        • Radio Telex Company
        • Special Purpose Radio Company
      • 77th Special Purpose Electronic Intelligence Battalion in Velká Hleďsebe
        • 77th Radio Surveying SW Company
        • 77th Radio Surveying VHF Company
        • 77th Radio Surveying and Targeting Company
        • 77th Automatic Radio Surveying and Targeting Company
        • 77th Combat Support and Services Company
      • 78th Special Purpose Electronic Intelligence Battalion in Klenčí pod Čerchovem
        • 78th Radio Surveying HF Company
        • 78th Radio Surveying VHF Company
        • 78th Radio Surveying and Targeting Company
        • 78th Automatic Radio Surveying and Targeting Company
        • 78th Combat Support and Services Company
      • 79th Special Purpose Electronic Intelligence Battalion in Litoměřice
        • 79th Radio Surveying HF Company
        • 79th Radio Targeting MIDDLE Company
        • 79th Combat Support and Services Company
        • 701st Radio Targeting Special Purpose Company
        • 702nd Radio Targeting Special Purpose Company
        • 703rd Radio Targeting Special Purpose Company
        • 704th Radio Targeting Special Purpose Company
    • 52nd Long Distance Signal Communications Brigade in Lipník nad Bečvou
      • 1st NCO Training Battalion
      • 2nd Cable Battalion
      • 3rd Radio Relay Battalion
      • Maintenance Company
      • Support Company
    • 59th Directional Stations Signal Brigade in Beroun
      • 1st Battalion
      • 2nd Battalion
      • 3rd Battalion
      • 4th Battalion
    • 102nd Chemical Defence Brigade in Liberec
      • 51st Chemical Protection Battalion
      • 61st Field Decontamination Battalion
      • 77th Radiation and Chemical Reconnaissance Battalion
      • 65th Equipment Decontamination Battalion
    • 1st Mixed Electronic Warfare Regiment in Kolín
    • 11th Tank Maintenance Regiment in Hrdly
    • 1st Civil Defence Regiment in Kutná Hora
    • 4th Civil Defence Regiment in Varnsdorf
    • 7th Civil Defence Regiment in Bučovice
    • 31st Command and Reconnaissance Squadron in Bechyně
      • 1st Helicopter Detachment
      • 2nd Helicopter Detachment
      • 31st Air Base and Electronic Support Company
    • 10th Anti-aircraft Systems Maintenance Base in Jaroměř
    • 11th Artillery Base in Jince
    • 41st Artillery Transport Battalion in Dašice
      • 1st Transport Battery
      • 2nd Transport Battery (Reserve unit)
      • Signal Battery
      • Logistic Platoon
      • Service Platoon
    • 311th Tank Training Battalion at the Hradiště Military Training Area
    • 313th Tank Training Battalion at the Boletice Military Training Area
    • 1st District Tank Depot in Ústí nad Orlicí, with branches in Zdice and Vamberk
    • 1st District Quartermaster Material Depot in Rychnovek, with branches in Terezín and České Budějovice
    • 1st District Engineer Depot in Dolní Bousov, with branches in Janská, Jaroměř, Dobříš and Hněvkovice
    • 1st District Signal Depot and Maintenance Base in Červené Pečky, with a branch in Červený Újezd
    • 1st District Chemical Defence Depot in Račice nad Trotinou, with branches in Rumburk, Olomouc and Zásmuky
    • 1st District Transport Depot in Nový Jičín, with branches in Poprad, Nemecká, Vysoké Mýto, Kutná Hora and Ostrava
    • 1st District Political and Educational Material Depot in České Budějovice, with branches in Brno and Čáslav
    • 1st District Equipment Depot in Jaroměř, with branches in Brno and Staré Město
    • 1st District Fuel Depot in Chlumec nad Cidlinou, with branches in Halenkov and Mošnov
    • 1st District Medical Equipment Depot in Liberec, with branches in Dobrá, Golčův Jeníkov and Krásná Lípa
    • 1st District Building Materials Depot in Hradec Králové
    • 2nd Armaments Depot in Jaroměř, with a branch in Terezín
    • 21st Bridging Equipment Depot in Chrudim
1st Army[edit]
1st Army Structure in 1989 (click to enlarge)
  • 1st Army in Příbram:
    • 1st Headquarters Battalion in Příbram
    • 1st Tank Division in Slaný (in case of full mobilization would have also formed the 16th Tank Division)
      • 1st Tank Regiment in Strašice
      • 2nd Tank Regiment in Rakovník
      • 21st Tank Regiment in Žatec
      • 3rd Motor Rifle Regiment in Louny with BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles
      • 1st Artillery Regiment in Terezín
      • 1st Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Terezín with OTR-21 Tochka tactical ballistic missiles
      • 13th Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Čihadla with 9K52 Luna-M artillery rocket systems
      • 1st Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery in Slaný
      • 5th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment in Žatec with 9K33 Osa surface-to-air missile systems
      • 1st Reconnaissance Battalion in Podbořany
      • 3rd Engineer Battalion in Terezín
      • 2nd Signal Battalion in Slaný
      • 1st Supply Battalion in Bílina
      • 1st Maintenance Battalion in Žatec
      • 5th Chemical Defence Battalion in Slaný
      • 5th Medical Battalion in Terezín
    • 2nd Motor Rifle Division in Sušice
      • 23rd Tank Regiment in Holýšov
      • 10th Motor Rifle Regiment in Janovice nad Úhlavou with BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles
      • 11th Motor Rifle Regiment in Klatovy with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 12th Motor Rifle Regiment in Domažlice with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 8th Artillery Regiment in Klatovy
      • 2nd Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Holýšov with 9K52 Luna-M artillery rocket systems
      • 2nd Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery in Sušice
      • 2nd Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment in Janovice nad Úhlavou with 2K12 Kub surface-to-air missile systems
      • 2nd Reconnaissance Battalion in Janovice nad Úhlavou
      • 4th Engineer Battalion in Střelské Hoštice
      • 4th Signal Battalion in Sušice
      • 2nd Supply Battalion Klatovy
      • 2nd Maintenance Battalion in Klatovy
      • 2nd Chemical Defence Battalion in Kdyně
      • 2nd Medical Battalion
    • 19th Motor Rifle Division in Plzeň
      • 11th Tank Regiment in Plzeň
      • 57th Motor Rifle Regiment in Stříbro with BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles
      • 67th Motor Rifle Regiment in Bor with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 104th Motor Rifle Regiment in Tachov with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 47th Artillery Regiment in Plzeň
      • 19th Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Bor with 9K52 Luna-M artillery rocket systems
      • 19th Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery in Plzeň
      • 11th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment in Stříbro with 2K12 Kub surface-to-air missile systems
      • 19th Reconnaissance Battalion in Tachov
      • 11th Engineer Battalion in Plzeň
      • 11th Signal Battalion in Plzeň
      • 19th Supply Battalion in Příchovice
      • 19th Maintenance Battalion in Plzeň
      • 11th Chemical Defence Battalion in Plzeň
      • 11th Medical Battalion
    • 20th Motor Rifle Division in Karlovy Vary
      • 12th Tank Regiment in Podbořany
      • 49th Motor Rifle Regiment in Mariánské Lázně with BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles
      • 65th Motor Rifle Regiment in Cheb with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 74th Motor Rifle Regiment in Karlovy Vary with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 38th Artillery Regiment in Kynšperk nad Ohří
      • 20th Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Stružná with 9K52 Luna-M artillery rocket systems
      • 20th Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery in Karlovy Vary
      • 12th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment in Mariánské Lázně with 2K12 Kub surface-to-air missile systems
      • 20th Reconnaissance Battalion in Cheb
      • 12th Engineer Battalion in Kadaň
      • 12th Signal Battalion in Karlovy Vary
      • 20th Supply Battalion in Ostrov
      • 20th Maintenance Battalion in Podbořany
      • 12th Chemical Defence Battalion in Karlovy Vary
      • 12th Medical Battalion
    • 321st Heavy Artillery Brigade in Rokycany
      • 21st Heavy Artillery Division with SS-1C Scud-B tactical ballistic missiles
      • 22nd Heavy Artillery Division with SS-1C Scud-B tactical ballistic missiles
    • 21st Artillery Base in Kostelec nad Orlicí servicing the missiles of the 321st Heavy Artillery Brigade
    • 322nd Cannon Artillery Brigade in Dobřany
      • Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery
      • 1st Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 130mm M1954 towed howitzers
      • 2nd Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 130mm M1954 towed howitzers
      • 3rd Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers
      • 4th Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers
      • 5th Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers
    • 51st Engineer Brigade in Litoměřice
      • Engineer Battalion
      • Engineer Battalion
      • Engineer Battalion
      • 51st Engineer Roadblocking Battalion
      • 51st Engineer Transit Battalion
    • 1st Supply Brigade in Terezín
      • 2nd Transport Battalion in Terezín
      • 3rd Transport Battalion in Terezín
      • 4th Transport Battalion in Terezín
      • 5th Transport Battalion in Terezín
      • 6th Fuel Transport Battalion in Rakovník
      • 175th Medical Evacuation Battalion in Nechranice
    • 171st Anti-aircraft Missile Regiment in Rožmitál pod Třemšínem with 20x 2K12 Kub surface-to-air missile systems
      • Headquarters Battery
      • 1st Firing Battery
      • 2nd Firing Battery
      • 3rd Firing Battery
      • 4th Firing Battery
      • 5th Firing Battery
      • Technical Battery
    • 216th Anti-tank Regiment in Most
      • 1st Anti-tank Division with 12x 100mm vz. 53 anti-tank cannons and 6x BRDM-2 vehicles in the anti-tank variant with Konkurs anti-tank missiles
      • 2nd Anti-tank Division with 12x 100mm vz. 53 anti-tank cannons and 6x BRDM-2 vehicles in the anti-tank variant with Konkurs anti-tank missiles
      • 3rd Anti-tank Division with 12x 100mm vz. 53 anti-tank cannons and 6x BRDM-2 vehicles in the anti-tank variant with Konkurs anti-tank missiles
    • 91st Pontoon Regiment in Litoměřice
    • 1st Signal Regiment in Plzeň-Bory
      • 1st Signal Battalion
      • 2nd Signal Battalion
      • 3rd Signal Battalion
    • 11th Long Distance Signal Communications Regiment in Plzeň
    • 3rd Electronic Warfare Regiment in Mariánské Lázně
    • 71st Special Purpose Electronic Intelligence Regiment in Kladno
      • 71st Radio Surveying HF Company
      • 71st Radio Surveying VHF Company
      • 71st Radio Surveying and Targeting Company
      • 71st Automatic Radio Surveying and Targeting Company
      • 71st Combat Support and Services Company
    • 1st Reconnaissance Artillery Division in Holýšov
    • 1st Radio-technical Battalion in Holýšov
      • Light Radio-technical Company
      • Heavy Radio-technical Company
      • Signal Company
    • 103rd Chemical Defence Battalion in Lešany
    • 11th Road Construction Battalion in Horažďovice
    • 1st Radiation Center in Příbram
    • 1st Command and Reconnaissance Squadron in Plzeň-Bory
      • 1st Helicopter Detachment with 2x Mi-2 helicopters to support the 1st Tank Division in wartime
      • 2nd Helicopter Detachment with 2x Mi-2 helicopters to support the 2nd Motor Rifle Division in wartime
      • 19th Helicopter Detachment with 2x Mi-2 helicopters to support the 19th Motor Rifle Division in wartime
      • 20th Helicopter Detachment with 2x Mi-2 helicopters to support the 20th Motor Rifle Division in wartime
      • 1st Air Base and Electronic Support Company
    • 101st Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Reconnaissance Squadron in Stříbro with Tupolev Tu-143 VR-3 Rejs drones
    • 11th Signal and Radio-technical Services Company in Příbram
4th Army[edit]
4th Army Structure in 1989 (click to enlarge)
  • 4th Army in Písek:
    • 4th Headquarters Battalion in Písek
    • 3rd Motor Rifle Division in Kroměříž (in case of full mobilization would have also formed the 26th Motor Rifle Division)
      • 33rd Tank Regiment in Přáslavice
      • 4th Motor Rifle Regiment in Hodonín with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 5th Motor Rifle Regiment in Mikulov with BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles
      • 6th Motor Rifle Regiment in Uherské Hradiště with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 361st Artillery Regiment in Hranice
      • 14th Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Přáslavice with 9K52 Luna-M artillery rocket systems
      • 3rd Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery in Kroměříž
      • 13th Anti-Aircraft Regiment in Bzenec
      • 3rd Reconnaissance Battalion in Kroměříž
      • 2nd Engineer Battalion in Břeclav
      • 3rd Signal Battalion in Kroměříž
      • 3rd Supply Battalion in Kroměříž
      • 3rd Maintenance Battalion in Kroměříž
      • 13th Chemical Defence Battalion in Bzenec
      • 13th Medical Battalion
    • 4th Tank Division in Havlíčkův Brod
      • 7th Tank Regiment in Jindřichův Hradec
      • 8th Tank Regiment in Jihlava
      • 13th Tank Regiment in Čáslav
      • 9th Motor Rifle Regiment in Znojmo with BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles
      • 6th Artillery Regiment in Jemnice
      • 4th Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Jemčina with 9K52 Luna-M artillery rocket systems
      • 4th Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery in Havlíčkův Brod
      • 4th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment in Bzenec with 2K12 Kub surface-to-air missile systems
      • 4th Reconnaissance Battalion in Jindřichův Hradec
      • 6th Engineer Battalion in Jindřichův Hradec
      • 5th Signal Battalion in Havlíčkův Brod
      • 4th Supply Battalion in Havlíčkův Brod
      • 4th Maintenance Battalion in Jihlava
      • 6th Chemical Defence Battalion in Havlíčkův Brod
      • 6th Medical Battalion
    • 9th Tank Division in Tábor
      • 14th Tank Regiment in Písek
      • 17th Tank Regiment in Týn nad Vltavou
      • 18th Tank Regiment in Tábor
      • 79th Motor Rifle Regiment in Benešov with BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles
      • 362nd Artillery Regiment in Lešany
      • 9th Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Jistebnice with OTR-21 Tochka tactical ballistic missiles
      • 9th Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery in Jistebnice
      • 9th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment in Strakonice with 2K12 Kub surface-to-air missile systems
      • 9th Reconnaissance Battalion in Kašperské Hory
      • 8th Engineer Battalion in Týn nad Vltavou
      • 9th Signal Battalion in Tábor
      • 9th Supply Battalion in Písek
      • 9th Maintenance Battalion in Písek
      • 4th Chemical Defence Battalion in Vráž
      • 4th Medical Battalion
    • 15th Motor Rifle Division in České Budějovice (in case of full mobilization would have also formed the 18th Motor Rifle Division)
      • 20th Tank Regiment in České Budějovice
      • 51st Motor Rifle Regiment in Český Krumlov with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 62nd Motor Rifle Regiment in Prachatice with BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles
      • 68th Motor Rifle Regiment in Vimperk with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 36th Artillery Regiment in České Budějovice
      • 15th Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Vimperk with 9K52 Luna-M artillery rocket systems
      • 15th Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery in České Budějovice
      • 1st Anti-Aircraft Regiment in České Budějovice
      • 15th Reconnaissance Battalion in Vimperk
      • 15th Engineer Battalion in České Budějovice
      • 1st Signal Battalion in České Budějovice
      • 15th Supply Battalion in Kaplice
      • 15th Maintenance Battalion in České Budějovice
      • 1st Chemical Defence Battalion in České Budějovice
      • 1st Medical Battalion
    • 331st Heavy Artillery Brigade in Hranice
      • 31st Heavy Artillery Division with SS-1C Scud-B tactical ballistic missiles
      • 32nd Heavy Artillery Division with SS-1C Scud-B tactical ballistic missiles
    • 31st Artillery Base in Kostelec nad Orlicí servicing the missiles of the 331st Heavy Artillery Brigade
    • 332nd Cannon Artillery Brigade in Jičín
      • Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery
      • 1st Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 130mm M1954 towed howitzers
      • 2nd Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 130mm M1954 towed howitzers
      • 3rd Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers
      • 4th Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers
      • 5th Cannon Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers
    • 1st Engineer Brigade in Pardubice
      • 107th Engineer Battalion
      • 108th Engineer Battalion
      • 109th Engineer Battalion
      • 1st Engineer Roadblocking Battalion
      • 1st Engineer Transit Battalion
    • 4th Supply Brigade in Pacov
      • 41st Transport Battalion in Pacov
      • 42nd Transport Battalion in Pacov
      • 43rd Transport Battalion in Písek
      • 44th Transport Battalion in Kaplice
      • 45th Fuel Transport Battalion in Benešov
      • 97th Medical Evacuation Battalion in Pacov
    • 251st Anti-aircraft Missile Regiment in Kroměříž with 20x 2K12 Kub systems
      • Headquarters Battery
      • 1st Firing Battery
      • 2nd Firing Battery
      • 3rd Firing Battery
      • 4th Firing Battery
      • 5th Firing Battery
      • Technical Battery
    • 217th Anti-tank Regiment in Lešany
      • 1st Anti-tank Division with 12x 100mm vz. 53 anti-tank cannons and 6x BRDM-2 vehicles in the anti-tank variant with Konkurs anti-tank missiles
      • 2nd Anti-tank Division with 12x 100mm vz. 53 anti-tank cannons and 6x BRDM-2 vehicles in the anti-tank variant with Konkurs anti-tank missiles
      • 3rd Anti-tank Division with 12x 100mm vz. 53 anti-tank cannons and 6x BRDM-2 vehicles in the anti-tank variant with Konkurs anti-tank missiles
    • 72nd Pontoon Regiment in Kamýk nad Vltavou
    • 2nd Signal Regiment in Písek
      • 1st Signal Battalion
      • 2nd Signal Battalion
      • 3rd Signal Battalion
    • 24th Long Distance Signal Communications Regiment in Písek
    • 4th Electronic Warfare Regiment in Český Krumlov
    • 74th Special Purpose Electronic Intelligence Regiment in Horažďovice
      • 74th Radio Surveying HF Company
      • 74th Radio Surveying VHF Company
      • 74th Radio Surveying and Targeting Company
      • 74th Automatic Radio Surveying and Targeting Company
      • 74th Combat Support and Services Company
    • 5th Reconnaissance Artillery Division in Rychnov nad Kněžnou
    • 4th Radio-technical Battalion in Vimperk
      • Light Radio-technical Company
      • Heavy Radio-technical Company
      • Signal Company
    • 105th Chemical Defence Battalion in Jaroměř
    • 14th Road Construction Battalion in Vimperk
    • 4th Radiation Center in Písek
    • 52nd Command and Reconnaissance Squadron in Havlíčkův Brod
      • 3rd Helicopter Detachment with 2x Mi-2 helicopters to support the 3rd Motor Rifle Division in wartime
      • 4th Helicopter Detachment with 2x Mi-2 helicopters to support the 4th Tank Division in wartime
      • 9th Helicopter Detachment with 2x Mi-2 helicopters to support the 9th Tank Division in wartime
      • 15th Helicopter Detachment with 2x Mi-2 helicopters to support the 15th Motor Rifle Division in wartime
      • 52nd Air Base and Electronic Support Company
    • 104th Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Reconnaissance Squadron in Strakonice with Tupolev Tu-143 VR-3 Rejs drones
    • 4th Signal and Radio-technical Services Company in Strakonice

Eastern Military District[edit]

Czechoslovak People's Army is located in Slovakia
District HQ
District HQ
13th Tank Division
13th Tank Division
14th Tank Division
14th Tank Division
30th Motor Rifle Division
30th Motor Rifle Division
Eastern Military District main units and Soviet formations (in red) in 1989
Eastern Military District Operational Structure in 1989 (click to enlarge)
  • Eastern Military District in Trenčín corresponding to the Slovak Socialist Republic. In case of war the district would have been supported by the 30th Guards Motor Rifle Division of the Soviet Union's Central Group of Forces.
    • 2nd Headquarters Battalion in Trenčín
    • Eastern Military District Staff
      • Operation Department
      • Organization and Mobilization Department
        • Penitentiary Battalion in Sabinov
        • Regional Administrative Military Commands
      • Political Department
      • Signal Department
        • 2nd Signal Center in Trenčín
        • 42nd Signal Battalion in Trenčín
        • 2nd Computing Center in Trenčín
        • Signal Specialist Training Center in Poprad
        • 2nd District Signal Depot and Repair in Nové Mesto nad Váhom
        • Military Signal Office Banská Bystrica
        • Military Signal Office Bratislava
        • Military Signal Office Košice
      • Intelligence Department
      • Topographical Department
        • 2nd District Topographic Depot in Kremnica with detachments in Trenčín and Nemšová
        • 2nd District Map Production Detachment in Nemšová
      • 8th Department (Counter-espionage)
    • Artillery and Rocket Troops Department
    • Artillery and Rocket Armament Department
    • Air Defence Troops Department
    • Engineer Troops Department
      • 2nd District Engineer Depot in Nové Mesto nad Váhom
      • 6th Engineer Brigade in Sereď
        • 167th Engineer Battalion
        • 168th Engineer Battalion
        • 169th Engineer Battalion
        • 6th Engineer Roadblocking Battalion
        • 6th Engineer Transit Battalion
    • Combat Training Department
    • Chemical Troops Department
      • 2nd Radiation Center in Trenčín
    • Civil Defence Department
      • 5th Civil Defence Regiment in Žilina
      • 6th Civil Defence Regiment in Malacky
    • Tank and Automobile Department
      • 2nd District Tank and Automobile Depot in Nemšová
      • 4th Supply Brigade in Hlohovec
        • 18th Transport Battalion in Michalovce
        • 71st Transport Battalion in Prešov
        • 72nd Transport Battalion in Brezno
        • 75th Transport Battalion in Trnava
        • 76th Transport Battalion in Zvolen
        • 77th Transport Battalion in Hlohovec
        • 78th Transport Battalion in Žilina
        • 79th Fuel Transport Battalion in Michalovce
        • 99th Medical Evacuation Battalion in Komárno
    • Political Department
      • 2nd District Political and Educational Material Depot in Trenčín
    • Personnel Department
    • Construction and Accommodation Department
      • Regional Military Construction and Accommodation Office Banská Bystrica
      • Regional Military Construction and Accommodation Office Bratislava
      • Regional Military Construction and Accommodation Office Košice
      • 2nd Road Construction Company in Kežmarok
      • 3rd Road Construction Company in Záhorie
    • Educational Department
    • Fuels and Lubricants Department
    • Equipment Department
      • 2nd District Chemical Depot in Čereňany
      • 2nd District Equipment Depot in Vrútky
      • Equipment Maintenance Base Zvolen
      • Equipment Maintenance Base Nitra
    • Military Transport Department
      • Regional Military Traffic Office Banska Bystrica
      • Regional Military Traffic Office Bratislava
      • Regional Military Traffic Office Košice
    • Quartermaster Department
      • 2nd District Quartermaster Depot in Nitra
    • Medical Department
    • 13th Tank Division in Topoľčany (in case of full mobilization would have also formed the 17th Tank Division)
      • 10th Tank Regiment in Martin
      • 15th Tank Regiment in Martin
      • 64th Tank Regiment in Levice
      • 8th Motor Rifle Regiment in Vajnory with BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles
      • 3rd Artillery Regiment in Senica
      • 16th Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Bratislava with 9K52 Luna-M artillery rocket systems
      • 13th Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery in Topoľčany
      • 3rd Anti-Aircraft Regiment in Nitra
      • 13th Reconnaissance Battalion in Bratislava
      • 1st Engineer Battalion in Sereď
      • 13th Signal Battalion in Topoľčany
      • 13th Supply Battalion in Hlohovec
      • 13th Maintenance Battalion in Martin
      • 3rd Chemical Defence Battalion in Topoľčany
      • 3rd Medical Battalion in Topoľčany
    • 14th Tank Division in Prešov (in case of full mobilization would have also formed the 32nd Motor Rifle Division)
      • 60th Tank Regiment in Kežmarok
      • 103rd Tank Regiment in Humenné
      • 55th Motor Rifle Regiment in Trebišov with OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicles
      • 63rd Motor Rifle Regiment in Michalovce with BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicles
      • 49th Artillery Regiment in Brezno
      • 21st Separate Rocket Launcher Division in Brezno with 9K52 Luna-M artillery rocket systems
      • 14th Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery in Prešov
      • 10th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment in Poprad with 2K12 Kub surface-to-air missile systems
      • 14th Reconnaissance Battalion in Prešov
      • 10th Engineer Battalion in Banská Bystrica
      • 14th Signal Battalion in Prešov
      • 14th Supply Battalion in Bardejov
      • 14th Maintenance Battalion in Prešov
      • 10th Chemical Defence Battalion in Prešov
      • 10th Medical Battalion in Prešov

Air Forces Command[edit]

Air Forces Command Structure in 1989 (click to enlarge)
10th Air Army[edit]
  • 10th Air Army in Hradec Králové
    • 10th Headquarters Battalion in Hradec Králové
    • 1st Mixed Air-Transport Regiment in Ostrava
      • 1st Squadron flying An-12 and An-26 planes
      • 2nd Squadron flying L-410 planes
      • 3rd Squadron flying Mi-17 helicopters
      • 25th Air Base Battalion
      • 52nd Electronic Support Battalion
    • 11th Helicopter Regiment in Plzeň
      • 1st Attack Squadron flying Mi-24D helicopters
      • 2nd Attack Squadron flying Mi-24V helicopters
      • 3rd Squadron flying Mi-17 helicopters
      • 111th Air Base Battalion
      • 11th Signal and Electronic Support Company
    • 47th Air-Reconnaissance Regiment in Hradec Králové
      • 1st Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron flying MiG-21R
      • 2nd Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron flying Su-22M4
      • 3rd Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron flying Aero L-29R
      • 24th Air Base Battalion
      • 2nd Electronic Support Battalion in Pardubice
      • 12th Electronic Support Battalion in Hradec Králové
      • 1st Air Base Company "S"
    • 51st Helicopter Regiment in Prostějov
      • 1st Squadron flying Mi-8 helicopters
      • 2nd Squadron flying Mi-24D helicopters
      • 3rd Squadron flying Mi-17 helicopters
      • 51st Air Base Battalion
      • 51st Signal and Electronic Support Company
    • 10th Signal Regiment in Klecany
      • Headquarters Company
      • 1st Signal Battalion
      • 2nd Signal Battalion
      • 3rd Signal Battalion
    • 10th Signal Cable Laying Battalion in Klecany
    • 10th Signal Center in Hradec Králové
    • 10th Radar Center in Hradec Králové
    • 2nd Air Force Construction Battalion in Bechyně
    • 3rd Air Force Construction Battalion in Plzeň
    • 46th Air Troops Maintenance Center in Brno
    • 49th Fuel Transport Battalion in Čáslav
    • 10th Air Army Base in Pardubice
    • 10th Air Army Technical Material Depot in Rakovník
    • 10th Air Army Ammunition Depot in Chrast with a detachment in Rakovník
    • 10th Air Army Signals and Electronic Support Maintenance Center in Olomouc
    • Air Force Training Base in Kuchyňa for live fire exercises
      • 77th Air Base and Electronic Support Company
    • 1st Air Force Training Center in Ostrava training troops for maintenance units
    • 2nd Air Force Training Center in Olomouc training troops for air base operationing units
    • Air Force Electronic Support Training Center in Prostějov training troops for electronic support units
1st Fighter Division[edit]
  • 1st Fighter Division in Bechyně
    • 4th Fighter Regiment in Pardubice
      • 4th Fighter Regiment Command Post
      • 1st Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21MF
      • 2nd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21MF
      • 3rd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21MA
      • 6th Air Base Battalion
      • 22nd Electronic Support Battalion
    • 5th Fighter Regiment in Dobřany
      • 5th Fighter Regiment Command Post
      • 1st Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21MF
      • 2nd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21MF
      • 3rd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21MA
      • 18th Air Base Battalion
      • 3rd Electronic Support Battalion
    • 9th Fighter Regiment in Bechyně
      • 9th Fighter Regiment Command Post
      • 1st Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21PF
      • 2nd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21PF
      • 3rd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21PF
      • 4th Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21PFM
      • 10th Air Base Battalion
      • 10th Electronic Support Battalion
    • 31st Signal and Radio-technical Service Battalion in Bechyně
    • 31st Air Force Maintenance Battalion in Dobřany
34th Fighter-Bomber Division[edit]
  • 34th Fighter-Bomber Division in Čáslav
    • 6th Fighter-Bomber Regiment in Přerov
      • 6th Fighter-Bomber Regiment Command Post
      • 1st Fighter-Bomber Squadron flying MiG-21MF
      • 2nd Fighter-Bomber Squadron flying Su-22M4
      • 11th Air Base Battalion
      • 1st Electronic Support Battalion
    • 20th Fighter-Bomber Regiment in Náměšť nad Oslavou
      • 20th Fighter-Bomber Regiment Command Post
      • 1st Fighter-Bomber Squadron flying Su-22M4
      • 2nd Fighter-Bomber Squadron flying Su-22M4
      • 19th Air Base Battalion
      • 51st Electronic Support Battalion
    • 28th Fighter Bomber Regiment in Čáslav
      • 28th Fighter-Bomber Regiment Command Post
      • 1st Fighter-Bomber Squadron flying MiG-23BN
      • 2nd Fighter-Bomber Squadron flying MiG-23BN
      • 21st Air Base Battalion
      • 7th Electronic Support Battalion
    • 30th Ground Attack Regiment in Pardubice
      • 30th Ground Attack Regiment Command Post
      • 1st Ground Attack Squadron flying Su-25K
      • 2nd Ground Attack Squadron flying Su-25K
      • 22nd Air Base Battalion
      • 12th Electronic Support Battalion
    • 34th Signal and Radio-technical Service Battalion in Čáslav
    • 34th Air Force Maintenance Battalion in Čáslav

Air Defence Command[edit]

Air Defence Command Structure in 1989 (click to enlarge)
  • Air Defence Command in Stará Boleslav (named: 7th Air Defence Army until 1976)
    • Air Defence Central Command Post in Stará Boleslav
    • 7th Headquarters Battalion in Stará Boleslav
    • 17th Signal Regiment in Stará Boleslav
    • 7th Electronic Warfare Battalion in České Budějovice
      • Command and Control Company
      • On-board Radar Jammer Company
      • Radio Navigation and VHF Signal Jammer Company
    • 7th Air Defence Signals and Electronic Support Maintenance Battalion in Stará Boleslav
    • 7th Air Defence Maintenance Battalion in České Budějovice
    • Air Defence Weather Center in Prague
    • Air Defence Training Center in Karviná training troops for anti-aircraft missile units
    • Air Defence Radio-technical Training Center in Zvolen training troops for radio-technical units
2nd Air Defence Division[edit]
  • 2nd Air Defence Division in Brno
    • 2nd Air Defence Division Command Post in Rebešovice
    • 2nd Headquarters Battalion in Rebešovice
    • 8th Fighter Regiment at Brno–Tuřany Airport
      • 8th Fighter Regiment Command Post
      • 1st Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21PF
      • 2nd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21PF
      • 3rd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-21PFM
      • 31st Air Base Battalion
      • 17th Electronic Support Battalion
    • 76th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade in Brno[5] defending the city of Brno
      • 76th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade Command Post at Brno–Tuřany Airport
      • 1st Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Rohozec with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 2nd Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Ketkovice with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 3rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Vranovice with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 4th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Kobeřice u Brna with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 5th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Brno-Líšeň with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 6th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Sokolnice with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 7th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Ořechov with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 8th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Omice with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 1st Technical Division in Neslovice
      • Anti-Aircraft Missile Group of the 76th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade in Rapotice
        • 9th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Rapotice with S-200 Vega long range air defence systems
        • 10th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Rapotice with S-200 Vega long range air defence systems
        • 2nd Technical Division in Rapotice
    • 77th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment in Ostrava defending the city of Ostrava
      • 1st Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Oldřišov with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 2nd Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Stará Ves nad Ondřejnicí with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 3rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Nový Jičín with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 4th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Frýdek-Místek with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 1st Technical Division in Frýdek-Místek
    • 186th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade in Pezinok defending the city of Bratislava
      • 1st Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Lozorno with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 2nd Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Pezinok with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 3rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Rohovce with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 4th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Kalinkovo with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 5th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Stupava with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 6th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Devínska Nová Ves with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 7th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Rusovce with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 8th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Most pri Bratislave with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 1st Technical Division in Viničné
    • 2nd Radio-technical Brigade in Brno
      • 22nd Headquarters Battalion in Brno
      • 61st Radar Battalion in Brno
        • Command Post of 61st Electronic Battalion in Brno-Tuřany
        • Command Company in Sokolnice
        • 610th Radar Company in Sokolnice operating the Tuřany radar station
        • 611th Mobile Radar Company in Moravské Budějovice
        • 612th Mobile Radar Company in Božice
        • 613th Mobile Radar Company in Lavičky
      • 62nd Radar Battalion in Stará Ves nad Ondřejnicí
        • Command Post of 62nd Electronic Battalion in Stará Ves nad Ondřejnicí
        • Command Company in Stará Ves nad Ondřejnicí
        • 620th Radar Company in Stará Ves nad Ondřejnicí operating the Stará Ves nad Ondřejnicí radar station
        • 621st Mobile Radar Company in Chropyně
        • 622nd Mobile Radar Company in Polička
      • 63rd Radar Battalion in Hlohovec
        • Command Post of 63rd Electronic Battalion in Hlohovec
        • Command Company in Hlohovec
        • 630th Radar Company in Hlohovec operating the Hlohovec radar station
        • 631st Mobile Radar Company in Starý Hrozenkov
        • 632nd Mobile Radar Company in Šurany
      • 64th Radar Battalion in Zvolen
        • Command Post of 64th Electronic Battalion in Močiar
        • Command Company in Zvolen
        • 640th Radar Company in Močiar operating the Močiar radar station
        • 641st Mobile Radar Company in Cerovo
        • 642nd Mobile Radar Company in Veľká Ida
      • 65th Radar Battalion in Mierovo
        • Command Post of 65th Electronic Battalion in Mierovo
        • Command Company in Mierovo
        • 650th Radar Company in Mierovo operating the Mierovo radar station
        • 651st Mobile Radar Company in Moravská Nová Ves
        • 652nd Mobile Radar Company in Zohor
        • 653rd Mobile Radar Company in Rusovce
    • 22nd Signal Battalion in Brno
    • Weather Radar and Meteorological Center Brno
3rd Air Defence Division[edit]
  • 3rd Air Defence Division in Žatec
    • 3rd Air Defence Division Command Post in Větrušice
      • Ground Control Intercept 1 - Lažany radar station
      • Ground Control Intercept 2 - Stod radar station
      • Ground Control Intercept 3 - Třebotovice radar station
      • Ground Control Intercept 4 - Nepolisy radar station
      • Ground Control Intercept 5 - Planá radar station
      • Ground Control Intercept 6 - Drnov radar station
    • 3rd Headquarters Battalion in Žatec and Větrušice
    • 1st Fighter Regiment in České Budějovice
      • 1st Fighter Regiment Command Post
      • 1st Fighter Squadron flying MiG-23MF
      • 2nd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-23MF
      • 3rd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-23MF
      • 4th Fighter Squadron flying MiG-23ML
      • 1st Air Base Battalion
      • 6th Electronic Support Battalion
    • 11th Fighter Regiment in Žatec
      • 11th Fighter Regiment Command Post
      • 1st Fighter Squadron flying MiG-29
      • 2nd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-29
      • 3rd Fighter Squadron flying MiG-29
      • 23rd Air Base Battalion
      • 5th Electronic Support Battalion
    • 71st Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade in Drnov defending the Central Bohemian Region with the capital Prague
      • 71st Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade Command Post in Drnov
      • 1st Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Přestavlky with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 2nd Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Kačice with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 3rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Zdejcina with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 4th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Stará Huť with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 5th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Bukovany with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 6th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Přehvozdí with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 7th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Vlkava with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 8th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Byšice with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 9th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Miskovice with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 10th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Jeneč with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 11th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Točná with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 12th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Velké Přílepy with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 13th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Přelíc with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 14th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Bratronice with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 15th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Mořina with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 16th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Mníšek pod Brdy with S-125 Neva mobile air defence systems
      • 1st Technical Division in Chyňava
      • 2nd Technical Division in Stará Boleslav
      • Anti-Aircraft Missile Group of the 71st Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade in Dobříš
        • 17th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Dobříš with S-200 Vega long range air defence systems
        • 18th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Dobříš with S-200 Vega long range air defence systems
        • 19th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Dobříš with S-200 Vega long range air defence systems
        • 3rd Technical Division in Dobříš
    • 185th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment in Kralovice defending the city of Plzeň
      • 2nd Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Bochov with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 3rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Pernarec with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 4th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Přeštice with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 5th Anti-Aircraft Missile Division in Nové Mitrovice with S-75M Volkhov high-altitude air defence systems
      • 1st Technical Division in Hadačka
    • 3rd Radio-technical Brigade in Chomutov
      • 33rd Headquarters Battalion in Chomutov
      • 51st Radar Battalion in Hrušovany
        • Command Post of 51st Electronic Battalion in Lažany
        • Command Company in Lažany
        • 510th Radar Company Lažany operating the Lažany radar station
        • 511th Mobile Radar Company in Mikulášovice
        • 512th Mobile Radar Company in Martiněves
      • 52nd Radar Battalion in Stod
        • Command Post of 52nd Electronic Battalion in Stod
        • Command Company in Stod
        • 520th Radar Company in Stod operating the Stod radar station
        • 521st Mobile Radar Company in Poleň
        • 522nd Mobile Radar Company in Zhůří
        • 523rd Mobile Radar Company in Katovice
      • 53rd Radar Battalion in Třebotovice
        • Command Post of 53rd Electronic Battalion in Třebotovice
        • Command Company in Třebotovice
        • 530th Radar Company in Třebotovice operating the Třebotovice radar station
        • 531st Mobile Radar Company in Třeboň
        • 532nd Mobile Radar Company in Přední Výtoň
        • 533rd Mobile Radar Company in Horní Vltavice
        • 534th Mobile Radar Company in Nová Bystřice
      • 54th Radar Battalion in Nepolisy
        • Command Post of 54th Electronic Battalion in Nepolisy
        • Command Company in Nepolisy
        • 540th Radar Company in Nepolisy operating the Nepolisy radar station
        • 541st Mobile Radar Company in Chrášťany
        • 542nd Mobile Radar Company in Senožaty
        • 543rd Mobile Radar Company in Adršpach
      • 55th Radar Battalion in Planá
        • Command Post of 55th Electronic Battalion in Planá
        • Command Company in Planá
        • 550th Radar Company in Planá operating the Planá radar station
        • 551st Mobile Radar Company in
        • 552nd Mobile Radar Company in Hřebečná
      • 56th Radar Battalion in Drnov
        • Command Post of 56th Electronic Battalion in Drnov
        • Command Company in Drnov
        • 560th Radar Company in Drnov operating the Drnov radar station
        • 561st Mobile Radar Company in Jesenice
        • 562nd Mobile Radar Company in Břasy
        • 563rd Mobile Radar Company in Ratiboř
    • 23rd Signal Battalion in Žatec
    • Weather Radar and Meteorological Center Žatec

Regimental and Battalion Organization[edit]

Below follow the organizations of the regiments in the Tank and Motor Rifle divisions:

By the end of the Cold War the standard main battle tank in the Czechoslovak tank regiments was the T-72M or T-72M1 of which Czechoslovakia had built 973. Some of the tank units in motor rifle divisions still fielded the locally produced T-54A.

  • Tank Regiment:
    • Command Platoon
    • Reconnaissance Company (3x Reconnaissance Platoons)
    • 3x Tank Battalions (each: Command Squad, 3x Tank Companies, Maintenance Squad, Supply Platoon, Battalion First Aid Station)
    • Motor Rifle Company (Only in tank regiments of tank divisions)
    • Rocket Launcher Battery (Command Platoon, 3x Firing Platoons with two RM-51 130mm multiple rocket launchers each, Supply Platoon)
    • Anti-aircraft Battery (Command Squad, 2x Anti-aircraft Platoons with 6x M53/59 Praga twin 30mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns each, Supply Squad. By 1989 only the 1st and 9th Tank divisions had replaced the 6x M53/59 Praga in their 2nd Anti-aircraft platoon with 4x 9K35 Strela-10 tracked self-propelled anti-aircraft missile systems. With the end of the Cold War further acquisitions for the other tank divisions were canceled.)
    • Signal Company (Signal Platoon, Radio Platoon)
    • Engineer Company (Engineer Platoon, Machinery Platoon)
    • Chemical Defence Company (Command Squad, Radiation and Chemical Reconnaissance Platoon, Special Decontamination Platoon)
    • Maintenance Company (Tracked Vehicles Workshop, Wheeled Vehicles Workshop, Armament Workshop, Signal Workshop, Special Workshop, Vehicle-towing Squad)
    • Supply Company (2x Transport Platoons, Materiel Supply Squad, Water Treatment Squad, Food Supply Squad)
    • Regimental First Aid Station

Motor rifle units fielded the locally produced BVP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicle and the OT-64 wheeled armored transports vehicle.

  • Motor Rifle Regiment:
    • Command Platoon
    • Reconnaissance Company (3x Reconnaissance Platoons)
    • 3x Motor Rifle Battalions (each: Command Squad, 3x Motor Rifle Companies, Mortar Battery, Anti-tank Guided Missile Platoon, Anti-aircraft Platoon, Signal Squad, Maintenance Squad, Supply Platoon, Battalion First Aid Station)
    • Tank Battalion (Command Squad, 3x Tank Companies, Maintenance Squad, Supply Platoon, Battalion First Aid Station)
    • Anti-tank Guided Missile Battery (Command Squad, 3x Firing Platoons, ATGM Training Squad; armed with Konkurs anti-tank guided missiles)
    • Rocket Launcher Battery (Command Platoon, 3x Firing Platoons with two RM-51 130mm multiple rocket launchers each, Supply Platoon)
    • Anti-aircraft Battery (Command Squad, 3x Anti-aircraft Platoons with 6x M53/59 Praga twin 30mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns each, Supply Squad. By 1989 only the 15th Motor Rifle division had replaced the 6x M53/59 Praga in its 2nd Anti-aircraft platoon with 4x 9K35 Strela-10 tracked self-propelled anti-aircraft missile systems. With the end of the Cold War further acquisitions for the other motor rifle divisions were canceled.)
    • Signal Company (Signal Platoon, Radio Platoon)
    • Engineer Company (Engineer Platoon, Machinery Platoon)
    • Chemical Defence Company (Command Squad, Radiation and Chemical Reconnaissance Platoon, Special Decontamination Platoon)
    • Maintenance Company (Tracked Vehicles Workshop, Wheeled Vehicles Workshop, Armament Workshop, Signal Workshop, Special Workshop, Vehicle-towing Squad)
    • Supply Company (2x Transport Platoons, Materiel Supply Squad, Water Treatment Squad, Food Supply Squad)
    • Regimental First Aid Station

Divisional artillery regiments were organized as follows: (Note: 1st Army divisional artillery regiments replaced their 122mm M1938 towed howitzers with 122mm 2S1 Gvozdika self-propelled howitzers in the late 1980ties)[6][7]

  • Artillery Regiment:
    • Command and Artillery Reconnaissance Battery
    • 1st Artillery Division with 18x 122mm M1938 towed howitzers (Command Platoon, 3x Firing batteries, Signal Platoon, Supply Platoon, Maintenance Platoon, First Aid Station)
    • 2nd Artillery Division with 18x 122mm M1938 towed howitzers (Command Platoon, 3x Firing batteries, Signal Platoon, Supply Platoon, Maintenance Platoon, First Aid Station)
    • 3rd Artillery Division with 18x 152mm SpGH DANA self-propelled howitzers in tank divisions, respectively 18x 152mm M1937 S towed howitzers in motor rifle divisions (Command Platoon, 3x Firing batteries, Signal Platoon, Supply Platoon, Maintenance Platoon, First Aid Station)
    • Rocket-Launcher Division with 18x RM-70 122mm multiple rocket launchers (Command Platoon, 3x Firing batteries, Signal Platoon, Supply Platoon, Maintenance Platoon, First Aid Station)
    • Anti-Tank Division with 12x 100mm vz. 53 anti-tank cannons and 6x BRDM-2 in the anti-tank version armed with Konkurs anti-tank missiles (Only in Motor Rifle Divisions; Command Platoon, 3x Firing batteries, Signal Platoon, Supply Platoon, Maintenance Platoon, First Aid Station)
    • Fire Support Battery
    • Sound-ranging and Reconnaissance Battery
    • Supply Battery
    • Maintenance Battery

Divisional anti-aircraft missile regiment were organized as follows and began to introduce either 20x 2K12 Kub or 20x 9K33 Osa surface-to-air missile systems in the early 1980ties. When the Cold War ended all divisions except for the 13th Tank division and the 3rd and 15th Motor Rifle divisions had received Kub or Osa systems:

  • Anti-aircraft Missile Regiment:
    • Headquarters Battery
    • 1st Firing Battery
    • 2nd Firing Battery
    • 3rd Firing Battery
    • 4th Firing Battery
    • 5th Firing Battery
    • Technical Battery

Civil defence regiments supported the authorities during times of national disaster:

  • Civil Defence Regiment:
    • Engineer Battalion
    • Chemical Defence Battalion
    • Premedical Care Battalion

Divisional reconnaissance battalions were organized as follows:

  • Reconnaissance Battalion:
    • Headquarters and Staff
    • 1st Reconnaissance Company
    • 2nd Reconnaissance Company
    • Long Range Reconnaissance Company
    • SIGINT Company
    • Signal Platoon
    • Support Platoon

Divisional separate rocket launcher divisions were organized as follows:[8]

  • Separate Rocket Launcher Division:
    • Command Battery
    • 1st Firing Battery with 2x ballistic missile launchers
    • 2nd Firing Battery with 2x ballistic missile launchers
    • Signal Battery
    • Technical Support Platoon with 4x missile reloads

Divisional Chemical Defence battalions were organized as follows:

  • Chemical Defence Battalion:
    • Radiation and Chemical Reconnaissance Platoon
    • 1st Special Decontamination Company
    • 2nd Special Decontamination Company
    • Maintenance Platoon

Equipment[edit]

Ground Forces[edit]

Tanks Origin Type Versions In service Notes
T-72  Soviet Union  Czechoslovakia Main battle tank M, M1 700
T-55  Soviet Union Main battle tank 1,908 1,277 (48% of all Czech tanks) in reserve status
APC/AFC Origin Type Versions In service Notes
BVP-2  Czechoslovakia IFV 280
BVP-1  Czechoslovakia IFV 1,390
OT-90  Czechoslovakia APC 620
OT-64  Czechoslovakia APC 1,600
OT-62 TOPAS  Czechoslovakia APC Czechoslovak version of BTR-50
BRDM-2  Czechoslovakia Reconnaissance/Patrol Vehicle

Air and Air Defence Forces[edit]

Model Origin Type Versions In service Notes
MiG-29  Soviet Union Fighter 20 18 Single-Seat, 2 Training
MiG-23  Soviet Union Fighter BN,MF,ML,U 70
MiG-21  Soviet Union Fighter,Ground-Attack <195
Su-25  Soviet Union Ground-Attack K,UBK 38 36 Single-Seat, 2 Training
Su-22  Soviet Union Attack M,UM 57 49 Single-Seat, 8 Training
Mi-24  Soviet Union Attack Helicopter D,V 62 29 Mi-24D,2 Mi-24UD,31 Mi-24V
Mi-17  Soviet Union Transport
L-39  Czechoslovakia Training C,ZA,V 57+ 24 L-39C,27 L-39ZA,6 L-39V

Characteristics[edit]

The final Report of the Commission of Inquiry of the Federal Assembly for clarification of events November 17, 1989 was characterized by Czechoslovak People's Army as follows: "... the Czechoslovak Army was next to the SNB and LM understood as one of the direct power tools designed for control over the society and for immediate management of internal political problems; the Communist Party by means of a vast staff of the Main Political Administration (HPS) of ČSLA penetrated as far as into the lowest units and in this way virtually ensured its absolute influence on the Army."[9]

During the Velvet Revolution, Communist Minister of National Defence Milan Václavík proposed to use the army against demonstrators, but his suggestion was not heeded.[9]

Ranks of the Czechoslovak People's Army[edit]

Enlisted and non-commissioned officers[edit]

  • Vojín – Private, Airman
  • Svobodník – Private First Class, Airman First Class
  • Desátník – Corporal, Senior Airman
  • Četař – Sergeant
  • Rotný – Staff Sergeant
  • StaršinaPlatoon Sergeant, Flight sergeant (part of the rank system 1948–1959)
  • Rotmistr – Sergeant First Class, Technical Sergeant
  • Nadrotmistr – Master Sergeant
  • Štábní rotmistr – First Sergeant

Warrant officers[edit]

Officers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burian, Michal; Rýc, Jiří (2007). Historie spojovacího vojska [History of [Czechoslovak] Signal Corps] (in Czech). Prague: Ministerstvo obrany – Agentura vojenských informací a služeb. p. 148. ISBN 978-80-7278-414-1. 
  2. ^ Valka.cz, Vojenska-oblast-1 1945–1950, accessed July 2013.
  3. ^ Library of Congress Country Study: Czechoslovakia, Ground Forces, 1987
  4. ^ http://forum.valka.cz/topic/view/123489/Ministerstvo-narodni-obrany-1950-1990
  5. ^ http://www.fortifikace.net/pov_pvos_76_plrb_brno.html
  6. ^ http://www.palba.cz/viewtopic.php?t=3357
  7. ^ http://www.palba.cz/viewtopic.php?f=299&t=3025
  8. ^ http://www.palba.cz/viewtopic.php?f=299&t=3334
  9. ^ a b Final report of the inquiry commission of the Federal Assembly to clarify the events of 17 November 1989, Part IV. – Czechoslovak People's Army, [cit. 28 October 2009]. Available online.
  • Steven J. Zaloga and James Loop, Soviet Bloc Elite Forces, London: Osprey, 1985

External links[edit]