Czerniejewo

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Coordinates: 52°26′N 17°30′E / 52.433°N 17.500°E / 52.433; 17.500

Czerniejewo
Coat of arms of Czerniejewo
Coat of arms
Czerniejewo is located in Poland
Czerniejewo
Czerniejewo
Coordinates: 52°26′N 17°29′E / 52.433°N 17.483°E / 52.433; 17.483
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Greater Poland
County Gniezno
Gmina Czerniejewo
Established 13th century
Town rights 1390
Government
 • Mayor Danuta Grychowska
Area
 • Total 10.2 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 2,556
 • Density 250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 62-250
Area code(s) +48 61
Car plates PGN
Climate Dfb
Website http://www.czerniejewo.pl

Czerniejewo [t͡ʂɛrɲɛˈjɛvɔ] (German Schwarzenau) is a town and municipality in central Poland with 2,536 inhabitants (2005).

It is situated in Gniezno County, in the Greater Poland Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Poznań Voivodeship (1975–1998). Czerniejewo is located on the Wrześnicą River, in a predominately farming area. It is 15 km from Gniezno, and 12 km from Września.

History[edit]

Main gate to palace
Palace in Czerniejewo
Palace - park view
Church in Czerniejewo

The earliest mention is in 1284 when the town is referred to as Handeslplatz. It was a royal possession from then until 1386 when King Władysław Jagiełło gave it to Sędziwój Pałuka z Szubina. At that time the town already had the right to hold markets. By 1390 the town had full Magdeburg rights. In 1581 King Stefan Batory granted the town the right to hold trade fairs. From 1594 to 1644 the town was known as Czarnkowskich and from 1644 to 1726 as Opalińskich z Bnina.

In 1771 General Jan Lipski[1] began building a palace,[2] adjacent to the town, which was completed in 1780. In the second partition of Poland Czerniejewo went to Prussia, and was called Schwarzenau. From 1807 to 1815 it was part of the Duchy of Warsaw and in 1815 returned to Prussia as part of the Grand Duchy of Poznań.

Schwarzenau was connected to the German railway system in 1875. In 1918-1919 the inhabitants participated in the large Polish rebellion, and the town again became Czerniejewo. In the Second World War Czerniejewo was occupied by the German armed forces in 1939 until in January 1945 the Red Army invaded.

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Jan Lipski z Lipego h. Grabie” Brief bio and genealogy of Jan Lipski of the Lipego counts and the Grabie coat of arms
  2. ^ "Pałace Wielkopolski" in Polish;
This article is based in part on material from the Polish Wikipedia.

External links[edit]