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Alternative namesBlack soup
Place of originPoland
Main ingredientsBlood (duck, chicken, rabbit, pig), poultry broth

Czernina [t͡ʂɛrˈɲina] (from czarny "black"; sometimes also Czarnina or Czarna polewka) is a Polish soup made of duck blood and clear poultry broth. Sometimes known as "duck soup", hen, rabbit or pig blood can also be used.[1] In English it can be called "duck blood soup".


Generally the sweet and sour taste of the soup comes from the balance of sugar and vinegar. However, there are hundreds of recipes popular in different parts of Poland, Belarus and Lithuania. Among the ingredients used are plum or pear syrup, dried pears, plums or cherries, apple vinegar and honey. Like most Polish soups, czernina is usually served with kluski, fine noodles, macaroni, boiled potatoes, or dumplings.


Until the 19th century czernina was also a symbol in Polish culture. It was served to young men applying for the hand of their beloved. If the suitor was accepted he would receive The black czernina along with the rest of the family. If not he would be served a bowl of golden czernina, one made without the duck's blood, as a symbolic rejection of their proposal. It is a plot element in Pan Tadeusz, a famous Polish epic poem by Adam Mickiewicz.

It is also a regional dish in Kashubia, Masuria and Poznań.[citation needed]

Czernina is very similar to Swedish svartsoppa.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kevin Pang; Borrelli, Christopher (27 October 2011). "There will be blood". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 10 May 2012.