|Sviatopolk-Chetvertynsky / Czetwertyński|
Coat of arms of the family
|Current region||Poland, Canada, Belgium|
|Place of origin||Chetvertnia, Lutsk county, Volhynia|
Czetwertyński or Chetvertynsky (also Sviatopolk-Chetvertynsky or Czetwertyński-Światopełk) is a Ukrainian (or Polish) princely family that originated from Volhynia in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland. The family takes its name from the village of Chetvertnia, Lutsk county, in modern-day Manevychi Raion, Volyn Oblast.
According to the family's legend, the progenitor of the family is the Grand Prince of Kiev, Sviatopolk II. The first documented member of the family is Oleksander Chetvertynsky, who is mentioned in 1388. The family was accepted into the princely houses of Poland and Lithuania in 1569 and their Russian title of prince was confirmed in 1843.
In 1492, Prince Fedir Mykhailovych Chetvertynsky was the Lithuanian-Ruthenian ambassador to Wallachia. Over time, some members of the family were Catholicized, but mostly the family remained adherent to the Eastern Orthodox religion.
Prince Stepan Sviatopolk-Chetvertynsky (1575-1659) played a key role in re-establishing the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in 1620. His son Mykola Sviatopolk-Chetvertynsky (?-1659) was a relative of the Hetman of Zaporizhian Host, Ivan Vyhovsky.
Two of the most notable representatives of the family were Hedeon Zakharovych Svyatopolk-Chetvertynsky, the Metropolitan of Kiev, Galicia and all Little Russia in 1685-90, and Antoni Stanislaw's daughter Marie, who was Alexander I of Russia's mistress and had children by him. A nephew of Hedeon, Yurii Sviatopolk-Chetvertynsky (?-c. 1717–22), was a son-in-law of the Hetman of Zaporizhian Host, Ivan Samoylovych.
After Antoni Stanisław Czetwertyński-Światopełk was lynched in 1794 by Polish nationals in Warsaw (Russian Empire) during the Kościuszko Uprising, his family resettled in Saint Petersburg. It received major land grants from Catherine the Great, such as the manor of Filimonki near Moscow.
By royal decree of King Albert II of Belgium, two members (both sons of Prince Michel Felix Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski) were recognised in the Belgian nobility with the rank of prince, for them and their male-line descendants.
- Alexandre Wladimir (Alex), Prince Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski (Ukkel, 27 December 1975), married to Christine Renée Harrington
- Constantin Nicolas (Tinko), Prince Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski (Brussels, 20 February 1978), a portrait and fashion photographer known as "Tinko Czetwertynski", married to model and product designer Princess Paola Maria Sapieha-Rozanski (London, 27 April 1983)
Coat of arms
The family used the Pogoń Ruska coat of arms.
- Antoni Stanisław Czetwertyński-Światopełk
- Gedeon (Svyatopolk-Chetvertynsky), became a first Metropolitan of Kiev appointed by Moscow in 1685
- Seweryn Franciszek Czetwertyński-Światopełk
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- Enache, Nicolas. La Descendance de Marie-Therese de Habsburg. ICC, Paris, 1996. pp. 107, 115. (French). ISBN 2-908003-04-X
- Kronika powstań polskich 1794–1944, Wydawnictwo Kronika, Warszawa, ISBN 83-86079-02-9, s. 38
- Adelbrieven verleend door Z.M. Albert II Koning der Belgen, 2001-2008. [Tielt, 2010].
- Menthe, Caterina. 13 February 2013 Love royale. Vogue Arabia