Rio Grande class K-27
|D&RGW K-27 Class|
Denver & Rio Grande Western K-27 #464 on the Huckleberry Railroad.
The K-27 is a class of 3 ft 0 in (914 mm) narrow gauge, 2-8-2 steam locomotives built for the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1903. Known by their nickname "Mudhens," they were the first and the most numerous of the four K classes of Rio Grande narrow gauge engines to be built. Of the original fleet of 15 locomotives, two survive to this day and operate on heritage railways in the United States.
Fifteen locomotives were built, originally class 125, they were reclassified as K-27s in 1924 when the Denver and Rio Grande became the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad. In the D&RGW's classification system, K was short for MiKado while 27 referred to the engine's 27,000 lbf of tractive effort. The K-27s were built as Vauclain compounds, with two cylinders on each side, expanding the steam once in the smaller cylinder and then a second time in the larger one. The extra maintenance costs of the two cylinders were greater than the fuel saving, so they were converted to simple expansion in 1907–1909. As a result, the K-27s were the Rio Grande's last purchase of compound locomotives. They were built with their main structural frames outside the driving wheels, with the counterweights and rods attached outside the frames.
They had one peculiarity which arose from their outside frames and counterweights. In places where the D&RGW's standard gauge system met the narrow gauge system, the railroad operated dual gauge trackage, with three rails, so that standard gauge equipment ran on the outer two rails and three foot gauge equipment ran on one of the outer rails and a third rail, inside the other two. Since the narrow gauge equipment was much lighter than the standard gauge, the inner rail was generally lighter and, therefore, not as tall as the standard gauge rails. In the case of the D&RGW, the difference was ⅞ inch (22 mm). Because the counterweights were outside the frames, they ended up directly over the standard gauge rail, with a clearance of only about ⅝ inch (16 mm). When the shop crews trued up the drivers periodically, they had to be very careful not to go too far.
They pulled freight, passenger and mixed trains on the D&RGW in and over the Colorado Rocky Mountains, traversing the entire length of the railroad. Many of them also spent time on the Rio Grande's subsidiary, the Rio Grande Southern. In later years, some were used as switchers at the D&RGW's yards in Durango, Gunnison, and Montrose.
Two K-27s survive today. D&RGW #463 was sold to cowboy actor and singer Gene Autry in May 1955. Autry never used the Mudhen and donated it to the City of Antonito, Colorado. It was restored by and entered into service on the Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad in 1994. It was taken out of service with a broken side rod in 2002. In 2009, it was moved to the railroad's shop at Chama, New Mexico where a major rebuild was performed. The engine made its inaugural run after the rebuild on the C&TS on May 20, 2013. 463 was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1975 as Engine No. 463.
The other K-27 in existence is D&RGW #464. It sat outside in Durango, Colorado during the 1960s and was sold to Knott's Berry Farm in 1973. It saw little or no use there, in part because of its condition and in part because of the counterweight clearance problem described above. The Huckleberry Railroad in Flint, Michigan, acquired the locomotive in 1981, did an eight-year restoration on it, and put it into active service.
The K-27s went through a variety of modifications during their 36 to 107+ years of service. They ended up in three distinct groups, with many different details such as the location of the air tanks, whether or not they had a doghouse on the tender for the head brakeman, and so forth. The most important of these details are:
|Number||Builder's Number||Equipment after rebuild||Ultimate Disposition|
|450||21677||slide valve cylinders||Retired 1932, Scrapped 1939|
|451||21685||slide valve cylinders||Retired 1932, Scrapped 1939|
|452||21803||piston valves outboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, superheater||Retired 1951, Scrapped 1954|
|453||21824||piston valves outboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, superheater, doghouse.||Used for switching at Durango, Colorado, Scrapped 1954|
|454||21832||piston valves inboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, superheater||Used for switching at Montrose, Colorado, Scrapped, 1953|
|455||21845||piston valves outboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, superheater||Traded to RGS in 1939, wrecked 1943, rebuilt 1947 using parts from a standard gauge locomotive, Scrapped 1953|
|456||21854||piston valves inboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, superheater||Used for switching at Gunnison, Colorado, Scrapped 1956|
|457||21894||slide valve cylinders||Retired 1932, Scrapped 1939|
|458||21910||piston valves inboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, superheater||Sold to National Railways of Mexico in 1941, Converted to standard gauge and renumbered 2251, Scrapped 1957|
|459||21936||piston valves outboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, superheater||Sold to National Railways of Mexico, Converted to standard gauge and renumbured 2250, Scrapped 1963|
|460||21728||slide valve cylinders||Scrapped 1939|
|461||21729||piston valves inboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, superheater||Sold to RGS in 1950, Scrapped 1953|
|462||21781||piston valves outboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, but did not have super heating||Scrapped 1950,
Tender preserved at the C&TS in Chama, New Mexico.
|463||21788||piston valves outboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, superheater||Sold to Gene Autry 1955,|
Then static display at Antonito,
Transferred to C&TS 1994,
Rebuilt 2009-2013, Operational
|464||21796||piston valves outboard of cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, superheater||Last K-27 in service|
Used for switching at Durango, Colorado,
Retired 1962 and put on static display at Durango,
Then to Huckleberry Railroad 1981,
Restored 1989, Operational
- Official Roster No. 11 of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad System. Denver: The Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad System. April 1, 1923. p. 94.
- Brewster, Allen J. (March and June, 1973). "D&RG's K-27, parts 1 and 2". Model Railroader. Milwaukee: Kalmbach. Check date values in:
- "A chronicle of the rebuilding of D&RGW locomotive #463". DRGW463.COM. Archived from the original on 17 September 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- Miller, Janneli (2013-07-01). "Going loco over locomotives". Four Corners Free Press. Retrieved 2016-03-15.
- "Denver & Rio Grande Locomotive History: 464". Rio Grande Modeling and Historical Society. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- "Primary Locomotives of the Huckleberry Railroad, #2 and #464". Huckleberry Railroad. Archived from the original on January 19, 2010. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- GreenFrogVideos (2017-08-17), 1950's Rio Grande Narrow Gauge Steam Part-2, retrieved 2018-05-09
- O'Berry, Dennis. (1995). The Mudhens, A Photographic History.