Dáil election results

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This is a summary of the results of general elections to Dáil Éireann, the house of representatives of the Oireachtas, the Irish Parliament, from 1918 to the present. With the exception of 1918, they were held using the electoral system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

General elections[edit]

Notes:

  • To preserve space, the table is divided according to the participation of different parties.
  • In accordance with convention, the Ceann Comhairle is listed as a member of their former party.
  • An empty cell (–) indicates that the party did not participate in the election.

Legend:

  Fianna Fáil majority government
  Fianna Fáil-led minority or coalition government
  Fine Gael-led coalition government
  Party providing confidence and supply
  Non-government party abstaining on confidence vote

1918–1921[edit]

The first two elections were not held as elections to the Dáil. The 1918 election refers to the results in Ireland of the British general election, treated by Sinn Féin as the election for the First Dáil. The 1921 election refers to the separate elections to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland and the House of Commons of Northern Ireland, treated by Sinn Féin as elections to the Second Dáil.

House of
Commons
Dáil Election date Sinn Féin Irish Unionist Irish Parliamentary
Nationalist (NI)
Labour
Unionist
Ind
Unionist
Ind Ministry of the Dáil
United Kingdom (31st) 1st 14 Dec 1918 73 (46.9%) 22 (25.3%) 6 (21.7%) 3 (3%) 1 (0.9%) 0 (2.1%) 1st Brugha SF
2nd De Valera SF
Southern Ireland 2nd 24 May 1921 124 (unopposed) 4 (unopposed) 3rd
4th
De Valera
Griffith
SF
Northern Ireland (1st) 6 (20.5%) 40 (66.9%) 6 (11.8%) 0 (0.6%) 0 (0.2%)

1922[edit]

On 7 January 1922, the day of the Anglo-Irish Treaty Dáil vote, the 124 MPs for Southern Ireland and one from Northern Ireland, constituting the 2nd Dáil, split 64–57 (4 not voting). The Treaty being passed, elections were called for a constituent assembly of the Irish Free State, which constitutes the 3rd Dáil.

Dáil Election date Sinn Féin
(Anti-Treaty)
Sinn Féin
(Pro-Treaty)
Labour Farmers BPG Ind Provisional Government
Executive Council (Dec 1922)
3rd 16 Jun 1922 36† (21.8%) 58 (38.5%) 17 (21.3%) 7 (7.8%) 1 (2.3%) 9 (8.2%) 2nd W. T. Cosgrave SF (Pro-Treaty)
1st W. T. Cosgrave SF (Pro-Treaty)
CnaG

Did not seat

1923–1933[edit]

Dáil Election date FF CnaG Labour Farmers SF BPG NL IWL NCP Ind Executive Council Days
4th 27 Aug 1923 63 (39%) 14 (10.6%) 15 (12.1%) 44[a] (27.4%) 3 (0.9%) 14 (10%) 2nd W. T. Cosgrave CnaG 1382
5th 9 Jun 1927 44 (26.2%) 47 (27.4%) 22 (12.6%) 11 (8.9%) 5 (3.6%) 8 (7.3%) 16 (14%) 3rd W. T. Cosgrave CnaG 98
6th 15 Sep 1927 57 (35.2%) 62 (38.7%) 13 (9.1%) 6 (6.4%) 2 (1.6%) 1 (1.1%) 12 (7.9%) 4th W. T. Cosgrave CnaG 1615
5th W. T. Cosgrave CnaG
7th 16 Feb 1932 72 (44.5%) 57 (35.2%) 7 (7.7%) 4 (2%) 13 (11%) 6th De Valera FF 343
8th 24 Jan 1933 77 (49.7%) 48 (30.5%) 8 (5.7%) 11 (9.2%) 9 (5.0%) 7th De Valera FF 1619

Did not seat

1937–1948[edit]

Dáil Election date FF FG Labour Ntl Labour CnaT CnaP Ind Government Days
9th 1 Jul 1937 69 (45.2%) 48 (34.8%) 13 (10.3%) 8 (9.7%) 8th De Valera FF 351
1st De Valera FF
10th 17 Jun 1938 77 (51.9%) 45 (33.3%) 9 (10%) 7 (4.7%) 2nd De Valera FF 1832
11th 23 Jun 1943 67 (41.8%) 32 (23.1%) 17 (15.7%) 10 (9.8%) 12 (9.6%) 3rd De Valera FF 342
12th 30 May 1944 76 (48.9%) 30 (20.5%) 8 (8.8%) 4 (2.7%) 9 (10.1%) 11 (9.1%) 4th De Valera FF 1345
13th 4 Feb 1948 68 (41.9%) 31 (19.8%) 14 (8.7%) 5 (2.6%) 7 (5.5%) 10 (13.3%) 12 (8.3%) 5th Costello Inter-Party (1st) 1211

1951–1965[edit]

Dáil Election date FF FG Labour CnaT CnaP SF NPD Ind Government Days
14th 30 May 1951 69 (46.3%) 40 (25.8%) 16 (11.4%) 6 (2.9%) 2 (4.1%) 14 (9.5%) 6th De Valera FF 1084
15th 18 May 1954 65 (43.4%) 50 (32%) 19 (12.1%) 5 (3.1%) 3 (3.8%) 0 (0.1%) 5 (5.5%) 7th Costello Inter-Party (2nd) 1022
16th 5 Mar 1957 78 (48.3%) 40 (26.6%) 12 (9.1%) 3 (2.4%) 1 (1.7%) 4 (5.4%) 9 (6.6%) 8th De Valera FF 1674
9th Lemass FF
17th 4 Oct 1961 70 (43.8%) 47 (32%) 16 (11.6%) 2 (1.5%) 1 (1.1%) 0 (3.1%) 2 (1%) 6 (5.7%) 10th Lemass FF 1281
18th 7 Apr 1965 72 (47.7%) 47 (34.1%) 22 (15.4%) 1 (0.8%) 2 (2.1%) 11th Lemass FF 1533
12th Lynch FF

1969–1982[edit]

Dáil Election date FF FG Labour SF-WP (P)SF AHB SLP Ind Government Days
19th 18 Jun 1969 75 (45.7%) 50 (34.1%) 18 (17%) 1 (3.2%) 13th Lynch FF 1351
20th 28 Feb 1973 69 (46.2%) 54 (35.1%) 19 (13.7%) 0[b] (1.1%) 2 (3.8%) 14th Cosgrave FGLab 1569
21st 16 Jun 1977 84 (50.6%) 43 (30.6%) 17 (11.6%) 0[c] (1.7%) 4 (5.6%) 15th Lynch FF 1456
16th Haughey FF
22nd 11 Jun 1981 78 (45.3%) 65 (36.5%) 15 (9.9%) 1[c] (1.7%) 2 (2.5%) 1 (0.4%) 4 (3.7%) 17th FitzGerald FGLab 252
23rd 18 Feb 1982 81 (47.3%) 63 (37.3%) 15 (9.1%) 3[c] (2.3%) 0 (1%) 4 (3.0%) 18th Haughey FF 279

1982–1989[edit]

Dáil Election date FF FG Labour PD WP SF DSP GP Ind Government Days
24th 24 Nov 1982 75 (45.2%) 70 (39.2%) 16 (9.4%) 2[c] (3.3%) 0 (0.4%) 0[d] (0.2%) 3 (2.3%) 19th FitzGerald FGLab[e] 1546
25th 17 Feb 1987 81 (44.1%) 51 (27.1%) 12 (6.4%) 14 (11.8%) 4 (3.8%) 0 (1.9%) 1 (0.4%) 0[f] (0.4%) 3 (4%) 20th Haughey FF 849
26th 15 Jun 1989 77 (44.1%) 55 (29.3%) 15 (9.5%) 6 (5.5%) 7 (5%) 0 (1.2%) 1 (0.6%) 1 (1.5%) 4 (3.3%) 21st Haughey FFPD 1259
22nd Reynolds FFPD

1992–2011[edit]

Dáil Election date FF FG Labour PD SF WP GP DL SP PBP Ind Government Days
27th 25 Nov 1992 68 (39.1%) 45 (24.5%) 33 (19.3%) 10 (4.7%) 0 (1.6%) 0 (0.7%) 1 (1.4%) 4 (2.8%) 5 (5.9%) 23rd Reynolds FFLab 1654
66 47 32 9 1 6 5 24th Bruton FGLabDL
28th 6 Jun 1997 77 (39.3%) 54 (27.9%) 17 (10.4%) 4 (4.7%) 1 (2.5%) 0 (0.4%) 2 (2.8%) 4 (2.5%) 1 (0.7%) 0[g] (0.1%) 6 (8.6%) 25th Ahern FFPD 1806
29th 17 May 2002 81 (41.5%) 31 (22.5%) 20 (10.8%) 8 (4.0%) 5 (6.5%) 0 (0.2%) 6 (3.8%) 1 (0.8%) 0[g] (0.2%) 14 (9.7%) 26th Ahern FFPD 1833
30th 24 May 2007 78 (41.6%) 51 (27.3%) 20 (10.1%) 2 (2.7%) 4 (6.9%) 0 (0.1%) 6 (4.7%) 0 (0.6%) 0 (0.5%) 5 (5.4%) 27th Ahern FFGPPD 1328
28th Cowen FFGP[e]PD
31st 25 Feb 2011 20 (17.5%) 76 (36.1%) 37 (19.5%) 14 (9.9%) 0 (0.1%) 0 (1.8%) 2 (1.2%) 2 (1.0%) 15 (12.5%) 29th Kenny FGLab 1792

2016–[edit]

Dáil Election date FF FG SF Labour GP AAA-PBP SD I4C Ind Government Days
32nd 26 Feb 2016 44 (24.3%) 50 (25.5%) 23 (13.8%) 7 (6.6%) 2 (2.7%) 6 (3.9%) 3 (3.0%) 4 (1.5%) 19 (11.7%) 30th Kenny FGInd[h] 1259 to date
31st Varadkar FGInd[i]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Described on ballot papers as Republican candidates.
  2. ^ The anti-abstentionist faction of Sinn Féin, often described as Official Sinn Féin or Sinn Féin (Gardiner Place).
  3. ^ a b c d As Sinn Féin The Workers Party.
  4. ^ As the Ecology Party of Ireland.
  5. ^ a b Left the government, forcing it to call early elections.
  6. ^ As the Green Alliance.
  7. ^ a b As the Socialist Workers Party, before the creation of People Before Profit, which includes the SWP.
  8. ^ 9 independents supported Enda Kenny's nomination (59 for, 49 against), with Fianna Fáil, Greens and 4 independents not voting
  9. ^ 7 independents supported Leo Varadkar's nomination (57 for, 50 against), with Fianna Fáil and 1 independent abstaining

References[edit]