Dâmbovița County

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Dâmbovița County

Județul Dâmbovița
County
Coat of arms of Dâmbovița County
Coat of arms
Dambovita in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 44°53′N 25°28′E / 44.89°N 25.47°E / 44.89; 25.47Coordinates: 44°53′N 25°28′E / 44.89°N 25.47°E / 44.89; 25.47
Country Romania
Development region1Sud
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Târgoviște
Government
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County BoardGheorghe Ana
 • Prefect2Aurelian Popa
Area
 • Total4,054 km2 (1,565 sq mi)
Area rank37th in Romania
Population
(2011 census[1])
 • Total518,745
 • Rank15th in Romania
 • Density127/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
13wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x454
Car PlatesDB5
GDPUS$ 3.71 billion (2008)
GDP/capitaUS$ 6,831 (2008)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Dâmbovița County (also spelt Dîmbovița, Romanian pronunciation: [ˈdɨmbovit͡sa] (About this soundlisten)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Târgoviște.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 518,745 and the population density was 127/km². It is one of the most densely populated counties in Romania.

Year County population[1][3]
1948 409,272
1956 Increase 438,985
1966 Increase 453,241
1977 Increase 527,620
1992 Increase 559,874
2002 Decrease 541,763
2011 Decrease 518,745

Name[edit]

The county is named after the Dâmbovița River, which is a name of Slavic origin, derived from Дъб, dămb, meaning "oak", as it once flowed through the oak forests of the Wallachian Plain.[4]

Geography[edit]

Dâmbovița county has a total area of 4,054 km².

The county's landscape has three main forms. In the north there are mountains from the Southern Carpathians group – the Bucegi Mountains and the Leaotă Mountains. In the center there are the sub-Carpathian hills and the southern area is part of the Romanian Plain.

The county's main river gives it its name: the Dâmbovița River. Also the Ialomița River flows in the county's northern and eastern regions, while the Argeș River flows in the south.

Neighbouring counties[edit]

Economy[edit]

One of the biggest steel factories in Romania is located In Târgoviște. Also, oil is extracted and refined the county.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Metallurgical industry.
  • Oil extraction equipment.
  • Food industry.
  • Home appliances.
  • Textile industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Construction materials industry.

Tourism[edit]

The main tourist destinations are:

Trivia[edit]

Politics[edit]

The Dâmbovița County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 22                                            
  National Liberal Party 13                                            

Administrative divisions[edit]

Târgoviște
Moreni

Dâmbovița County 2 municipalities, 5 towns and 82 communes

Historical county[edit]

Județul Dâmbovița
County (Județ)
The Dâmbovița County prefecture building from the interwar period, now an art museum.
The Dâmbovița County prefecture building from the interwar period, now an art museum.
Coat of arms of Județul Dâmbovița
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Dambovita.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Târgoviște
Area
 • Total3,440 km2 (1,330 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 • Total310,310
 • Density90/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the central-southern part of Greater Romania, in the northern part of the historical region of Muntenia. The county included a large part of the present county. It was bordered to the west by the counties of Muscel and Arges, to the north by Braşov County, to the east by Prahova County, and to the south by the counties of Ilfov and Vlașca.

Administration[edit]

Map of Dâmbovița County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided administratively into six districts (plăṣi):[6]

  1. Plasa Finta, headquartered at Finta
  2. Plasa Găești, headquartered at Găești
  3. Plasa Pucioasa, headquartered at Pucioasa
  4. Plasa Târgoviște, headquartered at Târgoviște
  5. Plasa Titu, headquartered at Titu
  6. Plasa Voinești, headquartered at Voinești

Subsequently, the territory of the county was reorganized into eight districts by the abolition of Plasa Finta and the establishment of three new districts in its place:

  1. Plasa Bilciurești, headquartered at Bilciurești
  2. Plasa Bogați, headquartered at Bogați
  3. Plasa Ghergani, headquartered at Ghergani

Population[edit]

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 309,676 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 96.9% Romanians, 2.1% Romanies, 0.2% Jews, 0.2% Hungarians, 0.1% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 98.9% Eastern Orthodox, 0.3% Roman Catholic, 0.3% Jewish, 0.1% Adventist, 0.1% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban population[edit]

In 1930, the county's urban population was 33,398 inhabitants, comprising 63.2% Romanians, 2.0% Jews, 1.3% Romanies, 1.2% Hungarians, 0.5% Greeks, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 94.8% Eastern Orthodox, 2.1% Jewish, 1.5% Roman Catholic, 0.6% Greek Catholic, 0.3% Calvinist, 0.3% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.[dead link]
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Constantin C. Giurescu, Istoria Bucureștilor. Din cele mai vechi timpuri pînă în zilele noastre, Bucharest, 1966, p.38.
  5. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Dâmbovița

External links[edit]