Défense de la France
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Essentially developed in the Northern Zone, Défense de la France distinguishes itself by an activity centered on the distribution of a clandestine newspaper created in August 1941 by a group of Parisian students, of the Christian faith. Philippe Viannay was the founder of it and the main editor. With a circulation of 450,000 in January 1944, it had the largest circulation of the whole clandestine press.
The newspaper denounced the attacks and actions of the army up until 1942. It firstly supported General Henri Giraud before turning to de Gaulle in June 1943. Not represented at the Conseil National de la Résistance (National Resistance Council), at the end of 1943 Défense de la France adhered to the Mouvement de Libération Nationale (National Liberation Movement), which participated in the foundation of the right-of-center Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance (UDSR).
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- Shennan, Andrew (1989). Rethinking France: plans for renewal, 1940-1946. Oxford University Press. p. 121. ISBN 0-19-827520-X.
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