Déjà Vu (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young album)
|Studio album by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young|
|Released||March 11, 1970|
|Recorded||July - December, 1969|
|Studio||Wally Heider's Studio C
Wally Heider's Studio III
|Genre||Folk rock, country rock, blues rock, hard rock, soft rock|
|Producer||Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young|
|Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young chronology|
|Singles from Déjà vu|
Déjà Vu is the second album by Crosby, Stills & Nash, and their first in the quartet configuration of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. It was released in March 1970 by Atlantic Records, catalogue SD-7200. It topped the pop album chart for one week and generated three Top 40 singles: "Woodstock", "Teach Your Children", and "Our House". It was rereleased in 1977 as SD-19188 and the cover was changed from black to brown. In 2003, the album was ranked #148 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. Certified septuple platinum by RIAA, the album's sales currently sit at over 8 million copies. It remains the highest-selling album of each member's career to date.
Déjà Vu was greatly anticipated after the popularity of the first CSN album and given the addition of Young to the group. Stills estimates that the album took around 800 hours of studio time to record; this figure may be exaggerated, even though the individual tracks display meticulous attention to detail. The songs, except for "Woodstock", were recorded as individual sessions by each member, with each contributing whatever was needed that could be agreed upon. Young appears on only half of the tracks, and drummer Dallas Taylor and bassist Greg Reeves are credited on the cover with their names in slightly smaller typeface. Jerry Garcia plays pedal steel on "Teach Your Children" and John Sebastian plays harmonica on the title track.
Four singles were released from the album with all but the last, "Carry On," charting on the Billboard Hot 100. The song "Country Girl" by Young is a suite put together from three song fragments entitled "Whiskey Boot Hill," "Down Down Down," and "Country Girl (I Think You're Pretty)," and is so identified in the credits.
The popularity of the album contributed to the success of the four albums released by each of the members in the wake of Déjà vu — Neil Young's After the Gold Rush, Stephen Stills' self-titled solo debut, David Crosby's If I Could Only Remember My Name, and Graham Nash's Songs for Beginners. In 2003, the album was placed at number 148 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. The same year, the TV network VH1 named Déjà vu the 61st greatest album of all time. The album ranked at #14 for the Top 100 Albums of 1970 and #217 overall by Rate Your Music.
The album was reissued on compact disc on September 6, 1994 after being remastered from the original tapes at Ocean View Digital by Joe Gastwirt. In 1997 guitarist Fareed Haque covered the entire album in jazz form for the Blue Note Cover Series.
|1.||"Carry On"||Stephen Stills||Stills||4:26|
|2.||"Teach Your Children"||Graham Nash||Nash||2:53|
|3.||"Almost Cut My Hair"||David Crosby||Crosby||4:31|
|1.||"Déjà Vu"||David Crosby||Crosby||4:12|
|2.||"Our House"||Graham Nash||Nash||2:59|
|3.||"4 + 20"||Stephen Stills||Stills||2:04|
|4.||"Country Girl: Whiskey Boot Hill/Down, Down, Down/"Country Girl" (I Think You're Pretty)"||Neil Young||Young with Crosby, Stills & Nash||5:11|
|5.||"Everybody I Love You"||
||Stills with Crosby & Nash||2:21|
- David Crosby — vocals all tracks except "4+20"; rhythm guitar on "Almost Cut My Hair," "Woodstock," "Déjà vu," "Country Girl," and "Everybody I Love You"
- Stephen Stills — vocals all tracks except "Almost Cut My Hair"; guitars all tracks except "Our House"; keyboards on "Carry On," "Helpless," "Woodstock," and "Déjà Vu"; bass on "Carry On," "Teach Your Children," and "Déjà vu"; percussion on "Carry On"
- Graham Nash — vocals all tracks except "Almost Cut My Hair" and "4+20"; keyboards on "Almost Cut My Hair," "Woodstock," "Our House," and "Everybody I Love You"; rhythm guitar on "Teach Your Children" and "Country Girl"; percussion on "Carry On" and "Teach Your Children"
- Neil Young — vocals on "Helpless" and "Country Girl"; guitars on "Almost Cut My Hair," "Helpless," "Woodstock," "Country Girl," and "Everybody I Love You"; keyboards, harmonica on "Country Girl"
- Dallas Taylor — drums all tracks except "4+20"; tambourine on "Teach Your Children", percussion
- Greg Reeves — bass on "Almost Cut My Hair," "Helpless," "Woodstock," "Our House," "Country Girl," and "Everybody I Love You"
- Jerry Garcia — pedal steel guitar on "Teach Your Children"
- John Sebastian — harmonica on "Déjà vu"
- Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young — producers
- Bill Halverson — engineer
- Gary Burden — art direction and design
- Henry Diltz, Tom Gundelfinger — photography
- Elliot Roberts — direction
- David Geffen — agent
- Joe Gastwirt — digital remastering
Album - Album Charts (UK)
Album - ARIA Charts (Australia)
|1970||Australian Kent Music Report Albums Chart||1|
Singles - Billboard (North America)
|1970||"Our House"||Pop Singles||30|
|1970||"Teach Your Children"||Pop Singles||16|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Gold||25,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||7× Platinum||7,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
- Eder, Bruce. Déjà Vu at AllMusic. Retrieved 19 November 2004.
- Winner, Langdon (April 30, 1970). "Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young Deja vu > Album Review". Rolling Stone (57). Archived from the original on 2008-06-21. Retrieved 21 June 2008.
- Christgau, Robert. "Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young > Consumer Guide Reviews". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 31 March 2006.
- "RIAA - Soundscan". http://www.greasylake.org/the-circuit/index.php?/topic/106260-neil-young-bob-seger-and-crosby-stills-nash-youngusa-album-sales/. External link in
- Zimmer, Dave, and Diltz, Henry. Crosby, Stills & Nash: The Authorized Biography. 1984, ISBN 0-312-17660-0, p. 115.
- Levy, Joe; Steven Van Zandt (2006) . "148 | Déjà vu - Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young". Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN 1-932958-61-4. OCLC 70672814. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2006.
- Déjà Vu - Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums at AllMusic. Retrieved 19 November 2004.
- Déjà Vu - Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles at AllMusic. Retrieved 19 November 2004.
- "French album certifications – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – Déjà Vu" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; 'Deja Vu')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; 'Déjà vu')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "American album certifications – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – Deja Vu". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 1 October 2012. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
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