Déodat de Séverac

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Déodat de Séverac

Déodat de Séverac (pronounced: [deoda də sevəʁak]) (20 July 1872 – 24 March 1921) was a French composer.

Birth home in Saint-Félix-Lauragais.
Tomb of Déodat de Séverac

Life[edit]

Born in Saint-Félix-de-Caraman, Haute-Garonne, of aristocratic background, Déodat de Séverac was profoundly influenced by the musical traditions of his native Languedoc.

He studied in Paris under Vincent d'Indy and Albéric Magnard at the Schola Cantorum, an alternative to the training offered by the Paris Conservatoire. He worked as an assistant to Isaac Albéniz and returned to the south of France, where he spent the rest of his rather short life. His opera Héliogabale was produced at Béziers in 1910.

He died in Céret, Pyrénées-Orientales, Roussillon.

Music[edit]

Déodat de Séverac's work is noted for his vocal and choral music, which includes settings of verse in Provençal (the historic language of Languedoc) and Catalan (the historic language of Roussillon) as well as French poems by Verlaine and Baudelaire. His compositions for solo piano have also won critical acclaim, and many of them were titled as pictorial evocations and published in the collections Chant de la terre, En Languedoc, and En vacances.

A popular example of his work is The Old Musical Box ("Où l'on entend une vieille boîte à musique", from En vacances). His masterpiece, however, is the suite Cerdaña (written 1904—1911), filled with the local color of Languedoc. His motet Tantum ergo is also still sung on occasion.

Selected compositions[edit]

Costume for Ida Rubinstein in Séverac's ballet Helene de Troy, sketch by Léon Bakst (1912)

Operas[edit]

  • Les Antibels (1907, lost) based on a novel by Émile Pouvillon
  • Le Cœur du moulin, poème lyrique in two acts (1908)
  • Héliogabale, tragédie lyrique in three acts (1910)
  • Le Roi Pinard, opérette (1919)

Works for Piano[edit]

  • Le Chant de la terre (1900)
  • En Languedoc (1904)
  • Le Soldat de plombe (1904), for piano duet
  • Baigneuses au soleil (1908)
  • Cerdaña. 5 Études pittoresques (1904–1911)
  • En vacances. Petites pièces romantiques (1912)
  • Sous les lauriers roses (1919)

Chamber music[edit]

  • Barcarolle (1898), flute and piano
  • Élégie héroique (1918), violin/cello and piano/organ
  • Trois Recuerdos & Cortège nuptial catalan (1919), string quintet and brass
  • Minyoneta (1919), violin and piano
  • Souvenirs de Céret (1919), violin and piano

Choral music[edit]

  • Sant Félix (1900)
  • Mignonne allons voir si la rose (1901)
  • La Cité (1909)
  • Sorèze et Lacordaire (1911)
  • Sainte Jeanne de Lorraine (1913)

Songs[edit]

  • numerous art songs, including À l'aube dans la montagne (1906) and Flors d'Occitania (1912).

References[edit]

External links[edit]