|Single by Mylène Farmer|
|from the album L'Autre...|
|Released||18 March 1991
(see: release history)
|Format||7" single, 12" maxi, CD maxi, digital download (since 2005)|
|Writer(s)||Lyrics: Mylène Farmer
Music: Laurent Boutonnat
|Certification||Gold France, 1991|
|Mylène Farmer singles chronology|
"Désenchantée" (pronounced: [dezɑ̃ʃɑ̃te]; English: "Disenchanted") is a 1991 song recorded by the French singer-songwriter Mylène Farmer. First single from her third studio album L'Autre..., it was released on 18 March 1991 and achieved great success in France, topping the charts for more than two months. It was Farmer's most successful song and is generally considered her signature song.
In 2002, the song was successfully covered by Kate Ryan, who reached number one in Belgium.
- 1 Mylène Farmer version
- 1.1 Background and writing
- 1.2 Lyrics and music
- 1.3 Music video
- 1.4 Promotion and performances on tours
- 1.5 Critical reception
- 1.6 Cover versions
- 1.7 Formats and track listings
- 1.8 Official versions
- 1.9 Credits and personnel
- 1.10 Charts, certifications and sales
- 2 Kate Ryan cover version
- 3 References
- 4 External links
Mylène Farmer version
Background and writing
After a two-year absence from the media, Farmer launched this new single "Désenchantée" on 18 March 1991, three weeks before the release of the album L'Autre.... At the time, many demonstrations were organized by students throughout France to protest against their status and conditions for learning, and the Gulf War was raging. The pessimistic lyrics of the song strongly echoed the feelings toward worldwide events and thus certainly contributed to its success. According to the sound engineer, Thierry Rogen, "Désenchantée" was recorded four times. Boutonnat originally wanted a jerky song with techno influences, but Rogen convinced him to add drums and a more funk sound. The text was inspired by the 1934 book On the Heights of Despair by the Romanian philosopher Emil Cioran.
Very quickly, the song achieved great success in France, becoming Farmer's biggest hit. As a result, the song was also released in other countries including Canada, UK, Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Australia and Japan. There were many formats for this song.
Lyrics and music
"Désenchantée" has a melodious tune, and its lyrics have "unexpected hyphenate which dissect the phrases in small sections". This song also has "a very dancing rhythmic color" thanks to the chords played on the piano in the introduction, the bright and chiseled percussion or vocals (performed by Debbie Davis and Carole Fredericks) which bring out the refrain. In the lyrics, the singer expresses her great lucidity on the absurdity of the world and discusses topics related to the existentialism.
The music video was produced by Requiem Publishing and Heathcliff SA and directed by Laurent Boutonnat, who also wrote the script. Shot for five days (from 18 to 23 February 1991) in Budapest, Hungary, with a budget of about 240,000 euros, this video was one of the longest at the time (10:12) and used many extras: 119 children and many Hungarian actors such as Erika Francz Jánosné. There is another version shortened to four minutes. The video for the single features a riot in what appears to be a concentration camp or gulag facility where adults and children are subjected to forced labor and being treated abysmally by armed guards. The riot scenes are quite realistically shot and contain much violence. The anthem-like song goes well with the visual background. According to French magazine Instant-Mag, this music video has a fairly similar structure to that of "Tristana". It has a gloomy story, an ambiguous ending, allows various interpretations, and deals with the theme of messianism. Farmer "symbolically embodies the spirit of freedom". The final scene is inspired by the 1830 painting La Liberté guidant le peuple by Eugène Delacroix.
Promotion and performances on tours
During the shooting of the music video, Farmer also gave a lengthy interview to French television host Laurent Boyer, in Budapest. The interview was later aired on M6, on 7 April 1991. Farmer also performed the song live on Studio 22, broadcast on the radio RTL on 15 May 1991.
In 1991, Farmer appeared on five television shows to promote the songs: Sacrée soirée (17 April, TF1), La Une est à vous (20 April, TF1), Stars 90 (13 May, TF1; Farmer also sang "L'Autre"), Tous à la une (31 May, TF1) and Vela d'Oro at Riva del Garda (Rai Uno, 4 October). On these occasions, Farmer had short hair (as in the music video) and wore white clothes. The performances were accompanied by a choreographed collective dance.
The single debuted on the French Single Chart at number 12 on 13 April 1991 and reached number one two weeks after. There it stayed for nine consecutive weeks. After that, the single fell, but slowly, and managed to remain for eighteen weeks in the top ten and for 25 weeks on the chart. The song has the second longest chart trajectory of all Farmer's singles in the top 50. It was the best-selling single by a woman in France and was certified Gold disc by the SNEP. The song was also a huge success in Belgium where it reached number one, in the Netherlands (number three), and in Canada where it was a top nine hit.
In the other countries where it was released, "Désenchantée" achieved moderate success. In Switzerland, the single peaked at number 23 on 9 February 1992. In Austria, the single charted for eleven weeks, from 11 August to 20 October 1991, reaching a peak of number 16 on 29 September. In Germany, the song only ranked at number 46.
The song was covered by many artists, including :
- In 1996, Lio recorded her own version for the compilation album 1991 - Les Plus Belles Chansons françaises.
- In 1998, the French band Alliage covered the song on Hit Machine, but this version was not released as a single.
- In 1999, the French singer Allan Théo performed the song on stage.
- The Belgian dance-music singer Kate Ryan in 2002. This version is perhaps the best known cover, because it was released as a single and achieved a great success in many countries.
- In 2002, Liloo covered the song which was remixed by Mad' House.
- In 2005, the song was recorded by Pascal Obispo and Zazie and is available on Les Enfoirés' album 2005 : Le Train des Enfoirés.
- The song was covered by the Swedish artist Christer Björkman.
- In 2006, Cynthia Brown, Cyril Cinélu, Domy Fidanza and Elfy Ka covered the song in a rock version for an album of the Star Academy.
- In 2008, German Dance Band Siria (An offshoot project of Cascada) Covered the song in a "Handz Up/Euro-Trance Format.
- The lyrics of Electronic's 1992 single "Disappointed" were partly inspired by "Désenchantée".
Formats and track listings
These are the formats and track listings of single releases of "Désenchantée":
1 French promo and English promo versions
2 Mainstream and promo versions
|Album version||5:22||L'Autre...||—||1991||See the previous sections|
|Single version||4:45||—||—||1991||The musical bridge is shortened.|
|Chaos mix (short version)||4:10||—||Laurent Boutonnat, Thierry Rogen||1991||This dance version is fast and begins with the sound of thunder.|
|Chaos mix (extended version)||6:50||—||Laurent Boutonnat, Thierry Rogen||1991||Various sounds are added to the music. Farmer's voice is very mixed at the end of this remix.|
|Edited version||3:55||—||—||1991||The musical bridge is entirely deleted.|
|Remix club||8:10||Dance Remixes||Laurent Boutonnat, Thierry Rogen||1991||The song begins with the sounds of children in a playground, and then with a musical introduction in which the words "génération", "désenchantée" and "tout est chaos" are sampled. The music is accelerated and the bridge is extended.|
|Live version (recorded in 1996)||8:15||Live à Bercy||—||1996||This version is very dynamic. See 1996 tour|
|Live version (recorded in 2000)||7:12||Mylenium Tour||—||2000||This version has techno sonorities. See Mylenium Tour|
|Album version||5:00||Les Mots||—||2001||The musical bridge is shortened.|
|Thunderpuss club anthem||10:04||RemixeS||Thunderpuss||2003||This dance/techno version has a musical introduction which lasts about 2:30.|
|Live version (recorded in 2006)||6:42||Avant que l'ombre... à Bercy||—||2006||See Avant que l'ombre... à Bercy (tour)|
(recorded in 2009)
|7:42||N°5 on Tour||—||2009||See Mylène Farmer en tournée|
(recorded in 2013)
|7:04||Timeless 2013||—||2013||See Mylène Farmer en tournée|
Credits and personnel
- Mylène Farmer – lyrics
- Laurent Boutonnat – music
- Requiem Publishing – editions
- Polydor – recording company
- Marianne Rosenstiehl (Sygma) – photo
- Com'N.B – design
Charts, certifications and sales
End of year charts
"Wind of Change" by Scorpions
|French SNEP number-one single
27 April 1991 - 22 June 1991 (9 weeks)
"Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)" by Les Inconnus
Kate Ryan cover version
|Single by Kate Ryan|
|from the album Different|
|Released||20 June 2002|
|Format||CD single, CD maxi|
|Writer(s)||Text: Mylène Farmer
Music: Laurent Boutonnat
|Producer(s)||Phil Wilde, AJ Duncan (main version)
Paris Avenue (2009 remix)
|Kate Ryan singles chronology|
In 2002, Belgian singer Kate Ryan released her eurodance style version of "Désenchantée" as the third single from her debut album Different, released in the same year. This version was successful in several European countries.
In 2009, the song was remastered and remixed by Paris Avenue, with dance/electronic style. The remix was included in Ryan's greatest hits album French Connection.
- CD single
|1.||"Désenchantée" (radio edit)||3:38|
|2.||"Désenchantée" (extended mix)||8:27|
- CD maxi
|1.||"Désenchantée" (radio edit)||3:38|
|2.||"Désenchantée" (extended mix)||8:27|
|3.||"Désenchantée" (club version)||8:12|
|Belgium||2x Platinum||29 June 2002||100,000|
|France||Silver||14 August 2002||125,000|
|Sweden||Gold||18 February 2003||10,000|
In Belgium (Flanders), the single went directly into the top ten, which happens not very often in this chart, then it reached number one in the third week and stayed there for six weeks. Then it dropped very slowly and even spent ten weeks in the top three and twenty weeks in the top ten. After 27 weeks on the chart, it fell off the top 50. This chart running was the very best for Kate Ryan in this country. The single also reached number one in the Belgian dance chart.
The single was also very successful in other European countries, such as Germany, Austria and Norway, where it reached the top three of the singles chart and stayed for several weeks in the top ten. It had the best chart performances of all of Ryan's singles ever.
"Whenever, Wherever" by Shakira
|Belgian (Flanders) number-one single
20 April 2002 - 25 May 2002 (6 weeks)
"Dance With Me" by 112
- Instant-Mag, No. 14, 2003, p. 9
- Habib, Elia. Muz hit. tubes (in French). Aliéna Bis. p. 207. ISBN 2-9518832-0-X.
- Cachin, Benoît (2006). Le Dictionnaire des Chansons de Mylène Farmer (in French). Tournon. pp. 85–91. ISBN 2-35144-000-5.
- Instant-Mag, No. 20, 2005, p. 9
- Instant-Mag, No. 15, 2003, p. 12-16
- * "Interview, by Laurent Boyer (1)" (in French). Dailymotion. Retrieved 8 July 2009.
* "Interview, by Laurent Boyer (2)" (in French). Dailymotion. Retrieved 8 July 2009.
- ""Désenchantée", television performances" (in French). Sans-logique. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
- Chuberre, Erwan (2007). L'Intégrale Mylène Farmer (in French). City. pp. 101–02. ISBN 978-2-35288-108-7.
- ""Désenchantée", French Singles Chart" (in French). Lescharts. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
- "Singles certifications in France, database" (in French). Infodisc. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- ""Désenchantée", Swiss Singles Chart" (in German). Hitparade. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
- ""Désenchantée", Austrian Singles Chart" (in German). Austriancharts. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
- "German Singles Chart, database" (in German). Charts-surfer. Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 26 February 2008.
- ""Désenchantée", by Lio" (in French). Sans-logique. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
- ""Désenchantée", by Liloo" (in French). Sans logique. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
- ""Désenchantée", by Pascal Obispo and Zazie" (in French). Lescharts. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
- ""Désenchantée", by Christer Björkman" (in French). Sans-logique. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
- "Mylène Farmer - "Désenchantée" - Supports" (in French). Mylene.net. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- "Mylène Farmer — "Désenchantée", Belgian (Flanders) Ultratop Chart" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- "Radio 2 Top 30 - Songs details". VRT Top 30 (in German). Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- "Nederlandse Top 40, week 30, 1991" (in Dutch). Retrieved 26 April 2009.
- Royer, 2008, p. 354.
- Quid 1993
- "Belgian certifications" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved 4 April 2009.
- "French certifications" (in French). Disqueenfrance. Retrieved 17 May 2009.
- "Kate Ryan" (in German).)
- "Swedish certifications" (PDF) (in Swedish). Ifpi. Retrieved 17 May 2009.)
- "Austriancharts.at – Kate Ryan – Désenchantée" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
- "Ultratop.be – Kate Ryan – Désenchantée" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
- "Ultratop.be – Kate Ryan – Désenchantée" (in French). Ultratop 50.
- "Danishcharts.com – Kate Ryan – Désenchantée". Tracklisten.
- "Lescharts.com – Kate Ryan – Désenchantée" (in French). Les classement single.
- "Musicline.de – Kate Ryan Single-Chartverfolgung" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH.
- "Hungarian Airplay Chart" (in Hungarian). Mahasz. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Kate Ryan search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – Kate Ryan – Désenchantée". VG-lista.
- "Spanishcharts.com – Kate Ryan – Désenchantée" Canciones Top 50.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Kate Ryan – Désenchantée". Singles Top 100.
- "Swisscharts.com – Kate Ryan – Désenchantée". Swiss Singles Chart.
- "2002 Belgian (Flanders) Singles Chart" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- "2002 Belgian (Wallonia) Singles Chart" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- "Single top 100 over 2002" (pdf) (in Dutch). Top40. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- "2002 French Airplay and TV Music Video Charts" (in French). Yacast. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- "2002 French Singles Chart" (in French). Disqueenfrance. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- "2003 Austrian Singles Chart" (in German). Austriancharts. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- "2003 Swedish Singles Chart".
- (French) Mylène Farmer — "Désenchantée" All about the song, on Mylene.net