Dêrik prison escape attempt
|Dêrik prison escape attempt|
|Part of the Syrian Civil War|
|Date||5 April 2019|
|Caused by||Prison escape attempt|
|Methods||Prison revolt, hostage taking, melee|
|Resulted in||Revolt defeated, escape attempt foiled|
|Parties to the civil conflict|
The Dêrik prison escape attempt was an organized revolt at the detention center in al-Malikiyah (Dêrik) on 5 April 2019, attempted by prisoners belonging to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The detainees launched a coordinated uprising to facilitate a breakout, but were foiled by the quick intervention of local security forces and the United States Air Force.
As the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), backed by the international CJTF–OIR coalition, defeated the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in a number of campaigns during the Syrian Civil War, thousands of ISIL members were captured and detained at several facilities throughout Rojava, a proto-state in northern Syria. One of the most secure detention centers for ISIL members is the Dêrik prison in al-Malikiyah, a town near the Iraqi-Syrian border, where about 400 ISIL fighters were held. These included a large number of international jihadists, most notably 20 French nationals, some of whom had been involved in the 2012 Toulouse and November 2015 Paris attacks. The French detainees were believed to have been one of the driving groups in preparing a prison escape.
On the morning of 5 April 2019, the prisoners took advantage of the lessened security amid their toilet hour. About 200 detainees simultaneously attacked the prison guards in an attempt to take a guard hostage, and capture firearms to facilitate an escape. The local security forces quickly responded to the uprising, and sent a large number of SDF reinforcements to Dêrik prison. The United States Air Force dispatched two fighter jets which flew on a low altitude over the prison to frighten the revolting prisoners to surrender. After a few hours, the prison uprising was quelled, reportedly "peacefully". None of the prisoners managed to escape, though the revolt had reportedly come close to being a success.
CJTF–OIR aircraft conducted aerial observation of the area after the escape attempt, ensuring that none of the inmates had fled. Security at Dêrik prison was heightened. The French prisoners were subsequently distributed to other detention centers at the request of the French government. This was done so that another organized escape attempt became less likely. SDF foreign relations official Redur Xelil stated that the escape attempt "shows that these people are terrorists, killers and constitute a danger, a situation we have repeatedly voiced before." He also once again requested on behalf of the SDF international help in managing the prisoners.
- AP (6 April 2019). "US-led coalition says allies in Syria foil Islamic State prison break". Times of Israel. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
- Georges Brenier (11 April 2019). "INFO TF1/LCI - Syrie : des cadres français de Daech impliqués dans une mutinerie". LCI. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
- "SDF quelled jail break attempt of ISIS prisoners in Derik". ANF News. 6 April 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
- AP (8 April 2019). "US-backed Kurdish forces foil Islamic State prison break". Military Times. Retrieved 12 April 2019.