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Entrance hall of station
|Location||Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia
|Architect||Krüger and Eduard Behne|
|Architectural style||New Objectivity|
The station was opened on 1 October 1891. It replaced the three following stations:
- the Bergisch-Märkische station of the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company (BME), originally opened by the Düsseldorf-Elberfeld Railway Company in 1838 in the area that is now Graf-Adolf-Platz as a through station on the company’s east-west line from Elberfeld to its station at Rheinknie.
- the Cologne-Minden station which the Cologne-Minden Railway Company (CME) opened in 1845 southeast of the BME station as a terminus to which branches were built from the company’s north-south Cologne–Duisburg main line, and
- the Rhenish station built by the Rhenish Railway Company (RhE) in 1877 in Düsseldorf-Pempelfort at the end of a branch line from its north-south Troisdorf–Mülheim-Speldorf line. The branch line was the first section of a line to Dortmund, which two years later was completed as far as Mettmann.
Both the Bergisch-Märkische and the Cologne-Minden stations were on the southern edge of the city and were in the way of the construction of Friedrichstadt. The wish to clear the way for the new development was a reason to build a new station in addition to the desire to bring together the stations and lines following the nationalisation of the railway companies of Rhineland-Westphalia between 1879 and 1882.
Construction of station building in the 1930s
The original Hauptbahnhof was built in the Wilhelmine style. After three decades it had become too small and its style had become unfashionable. In November 1930, eight designs were submitted to the public as part of a competition to redesign the station. The station building was built from 1932-1936 conforming to a design dictated by the Reichsbahn directorate of Wuppertal and its architects, Krüger and Eduard Behne. It features a notable clock tower.
The station underwent major reconstruction in the 1980s, finishing in 1985, when the Stadtbahn lines passing under the station were opened. This reconstruction involved the remodeling of the old ticket offices into a food court, the installation of lifts and the opening of the station toward the city borough of Oberbilk, where, at the western exit of the station, new office buildings were erected on the site of a former steel works. The former 1st class waiting room has been remodeled into a hotel and a discothèque.
Some minor changes were carried out in the year 2005; the old toilets from 1985 were torn out to make room for a fast food restaurant, a small 1st class lounge was installed in the northern passenger tunnel also. The dated ceilings and information systems in the passenger tunnels are scheduled for replacement also, as they do not meet current fire protection standards.
The station is frequented by roughly a quarter million passengers per day and is therefore Germany's fourth busiest station. All modes of rail transport are offered on the 20 main line tracks (16 platforms currently in use), including InterCityExpress, InterCity and EuroCity trains for long distance travel, DB NachtZug, D-Nacht and EuroNight overnight trains as well as RegionalExpress, RegionalBahn and S-Bahn services for regional distribution. The station is integrated into the Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn network and local traffic operates under the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr transport association. The subterranean station, operated by Rheinbahn, has 4 tracks that are part of the Stadtbahn lines of Düsseldorf. The 6 tramway stops in front of the station connect the Hauptbahnhof to the local tram network, also operated by Rheinbahn.
The station is served by the following services:
- High speed services (Thalys) Paris - Brussels - Cologne - Düsseldorf - Essen - Dortmund
- Intercity Express services (ICE 10) (Köln/Bonn Airport -) Düsseldorf - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm - Hannover - Berlin
- Intercity Express services (ICE 41) Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Frankfurt - Nürnberg - Munich
- Intercity Express services (ICE 41) Düsseldorf - Essen - Dortmund - Kassel - Frankfurt - Nürnberg - Munich
- Intercity Express services (ICE 42) Münster – Dortmund – Essen – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Frankfurt – Mannheim – Stuttgart – Munich
- Intercity Express services (ICE 43) Amsterdam - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Frankfurt - Karlsruhe - Basel
- Intercity Express services (ICE 47) Dortmund – Essen – Düsseldorf – Cologne/Bonn Flughafen – Frankfurt Flughafen – Mannheim – Stuttgart
- Intercity Express services (ICE 50) Düsseldorf - Essen - Dortmund - Kassel - Erfurt - Leipzig - Dresden
- Intercity Express services (ICE 78) Amsterdam - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Frankfurt
- Intercity Express services (ICE 91) Hamburg - Bremen - Münster - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Frankfurt - Nürnberg - Passau - Linz - Vienna
- Eurocity services (EC 30) Hamburg - Bremen - Münster - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Karlsruhe - Basel - Zürich - Chur
- Intercity services (IC 30) Westerland - Hamburg - Bremen - Münster - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart
- Eurocity services (EC 32) Münster - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart – München – Salzburg – Villach – Klagenfurt
- Eurocity services (EC 32) Münster - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart – Lindau - Innsbruck
- Intercity services (IC 32) (Berlin - Hanover -) Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart - Munich
- Intercity services (IC 35) Norddeich - Emden - Rheine - Münster - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Karlsruhe - Konstanz
- Intercity services (IC 50) Düsseldorf - Essen - Dortmund - Kassel - Erfurt - Leipzig
- Intercity services (IC 55) Dresden - Leipzig - Magdeburg - Hanover - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart - Oberstdorf
- Intercity services (HKX) Hamburg - Osnabrück - Münster - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne
- CityNightLine services Amsterdam - Duisburg - Cologne - Frankfurt - Karlsruhe - Basel - Zürich
- CityNightLine services Amsterdam - Duisburg - Cologne - Frankfurt - Stuttgart - Munich
- CityNightLine services Duisburg - Cologne - Dortmund - Berlin - Dresden - Prague
- EuroNight services Duisburg - Cologne - Dortmund - Frankfurt (Oder) - Poznan - Kutno - Warsaw
- Regional services NRW-Express Aachen - Cologne - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm
- Regional services Rhein-Haard-Express Münster - Dülmen - Recklinghausen - Essen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
- Regional services Rhein-Emscher-Express Hamm - Dortmund - Gelsenkirchen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
- Regional services Wupper-Express Dortmund - Hagen - Wuppertal - Düsseldorf - Mönchengladbach - Aachen
- Regional services Rhein-Express Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Bonn - Koblenz
- Regional services Rhein-Weser-Express Cologne/Bonn Airport - Cologne - Neuss - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm - Bielefeld - Minden
- Regional services Niers-Express Kleve - Weeze - Krefeld - Düsseldorf
- Regional services Rhein-Hellweg-Express Hamm - Dortmund - Essen - Duisburg - Krefeld - Mönchengladbach
- Regional services Maas-Wupper-Express Venlo - Viersen - Mönchengladbach - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal - Hagen - Hamm
- Regional services Rhein-IJssel-Express Arnhem – Emmerich – Wesel – Oberhausen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf Airport – Düsseldorf
- Local services Erft-Bahn Cologne - Horrem - Bedburg - Grevenbroich - Neuss - Düsseldorf
- Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services Solingen - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund
- Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services Duisburg - Oberhausen - Essen - Gelsenkirchen - Dortmund
- Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services Essen - Kettwig - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Köln-Nippes
- Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services Mönchengladbach - Neuss - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal - Hagen
- Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services Düsseldorf Airport Terminal - Düsseldorf - Neuss - Cologne - Bergisch Gladbach
- Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services Kaarster See - Neuss - Düsseldorf - Mettmann
- Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services Langenfeld - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal-Vohwinkel
|Düsseldorf Airport S-Bahn service|
|Preceding station||Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn||Following station|
toward Krefeld Rheinstraße
toward Benrath Betriebshof
toward Neuss Hbf
toward Eller/Vennhauser Allee
toward Krefeld Rheinstraße
toward Am Seestern
toward ESPRIT arena/Messe Nord
toward Meiderich Bahnhof
toward Kaiserslauterner Straße
- "Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof – Information to station, More Information, Facts & figures". Retrieved 28 October 2012.
- "Der Hauptbahnhof" (in German). Stadtarchiv Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf. Retrieved 4 April 2010.
- Timetables for Düsseldorf Hbf station
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