(martial arts)

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is the go-on vocalization of the Japanese kanji , corresponding to Mandarin Chinese (pinyin) dào, meaning "way", with connotations of "philosophy, doctrine" (see Tao).

In Asian martial arts, the word has been widely adopted as the term for a "school" or "discipline", especially in "Old School" (koryū- 古流) lineages of Japanese martial arts, such as the Kashima Shin-ryū (鹿島神流),[1] although its use in the greater martial arts community has become much more widespread as a synonym of jutsu 術 "technique, method".

Japanese martial arts[edit]

  • Aikidō (合気道), the Way of harmonious spirit
  • Gendai budō (現代武道), modern warrior way, the group of martial disciplines that arose after the Meiji restoration
  • Hojōjutsu, a Japanese martial art of restraining a prisoners using cord or rope.
  • Iaidō (居合道), a Japanese martial art associated with the smooth, controlled movements of drawing the sword
  • Jōdō (杖道), the Way of the , wooden staff fighting
  • Jūdō (柔道), the "gentle way", a grappling martial art
  • Jūkendō (銃剣), the Way of the bayonet, bayonet fighting
  • Karatedō or karate (空手道), the Way of the empty hand, Okinawan boxing
  • Kashima Shin-ryū (鹿島神流), a classical Japanese martial discipline
  • Kendō (剣道), the Way of the, fencing with bamboo swords
  • Kyūdō, (弓道), the Way of the bow, archery, Hand-to-hand fighting recently evolved from karate
  • Taidō (躰道), the Way of the body, Hand-to-hand fighting evolved from Okinawan karate
  • Yoseikan Budō (養正館武道), the teaching truth place warrior Way

Korean martial arts[edit]

The word "道" is used in quite the same way in Korean language and culture, and is pronounced identically with its Japanese cognate as Dō.

  • Taekwon-Do (태권도; 跆拳道), the Way of the foot and the fist
a Korean martial art with roots in Taekkyon
  • Kumdo (검도; 劍道), the Way of the Sword
Korean fencing with roots in Japanese Kendo
  • Hapkido (합기도; 合氣道), the Way of the harmonious spirit
a Korean martial art which shares history with Japanese Aikido

Other[edit]

  • Kyushindō, the Way of longing for knowledge of the fundamental nature of anything, Japanese-inspired Western school of hand-to-hand fighting

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ ^ Friday, K. (1997). Legacies of the Sword. (p. 16). University of Hawai'i Press