Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof

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Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof
Through station
Duesseldorf Hauptbahnhof 080724 052 30.jpg
Entrance hall of station
Location Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia
Germany
Coordinates 51°13′13″N 6°47′34″E / 51.22028°N 6.79278°E / 51.22028; 6.79278Coordinates: 51°13′13″N 6°47′34″E / 51.22028°N 6.79278°E / 51.22028; 6.79278
Line(s)
Platforms
  • 16 rail
  • 4 tram
  • 4 U-Bahn
Construction
Architect Krüger and Eduard Behne
Architectural style New Objectivity
Other information
Station code 1401
DS100 code KD
Category 1
Website www.bahnhof.de
History
Opened
Traffic
Passengers 250,000 daily[1]

Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station in the city of Düsseldorf in Germany, state capital of North Rhine-Westphalia.

History[edit]

Realigment of the lines, former BME line in red, former CME lines in yellow, former RhE line in orange, new combined lines in green
Original station in 1900

The station was opened on 1 October 1891. It replaced the three following stations:[2]

Both the Bergisch-Märkische and the Cologne-Minden stations were on the southern edge of the city and were in the way of the construction of Friedrichstadt. The wish to clear the way for the new development was a reason to build a new station in addition to the desire to bring together the stations and lines following the nationalisation of the railway companies of Rhineland-Westphalia between 1879 and 1882.

Construction of station building in the 1930s[edit]

The original Hauptbahnhof was built in the Wilhelmine style. After three decades it had become too small and its style had become unfashionable. In November 1930, eight designs were submitted to the public as part of a competition to redesign the station. The station building was built from 1932-1936 conforming to a design dictated by the Reichsbahn directorate of Wuppertal and its architects, Krüger and Eduard Behne.[2] It features a notable clock tower.

The station underwent major reconstruction in the 1980s, finishing in 1985, when the Stadtbahn lines passing under the station were opened. This reconstruction involved the remodeling of the old ticket offices into a food court, the installation of lifts and the opening of the station toward the city borough of Oberbilk, where, at the western exit of the station, new office buildings were erected on the site of a former steel works. The former 1st class waiting room has been remodeled into a hotel and a discothèque.

Some minor changes were carried out in the year 2005; the old toilets from 1985 were torn out to make room for a fast food restaurant, a small 1st class lounge was installed in the northern passenger tunnel also. The dated ceilings and information systems in the passenger tunnels are scheduled for replacement also, as they do not meet current fire protection standards.

Operational usage[edit]

Station hall

The station is frequented by roughly a quarter million passengers per day and is therefore Germany's fourth busiest station. All modes of rail transport are offered on the 20 main line tracks (16 platforms currently in use), including InterCityExpress, InterCity and EuroCity trains for long distance travel, DB NachtZug, D-Nacht and EuroNight overnight trains as well as RegionalExpress, RegionalBahn and S-Bahn services for regional distribution. The station is integrated into the Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn network and local traffic operates under the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr transport association. The subterranean station, operated by Rheinbahn, has 4 tracks that are part of the Stadtbahn lines of Düsseldorf. The 6 tramway stops in front of the station connect the Hauptbahnhof to the local tram network, also operated by Rheinbahn.

Train services[edit]

The station is served by the following services:[3]

  • High speed services (Thalys) Paris - Brussels - Cologne - Düsseldorf - Essen
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 10) (Köln/Bonn Airport -) Düsseldorf - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm - Hannover - Berlin
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 41) Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Frankfurt - Nürnberg - Munich
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 41) Düsseldorf - Essen - Dortmund - Kassel - Frankfurt - Nürnberg - Munich
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 42) Münster – Dortmund – Essen – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Frankfurt – Mannheim – Stuttgart – Munich
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 43) Amsterdam - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Frankfurt - Karlsruhe - Basel
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 47) Dortmund – Essen – Düsseldorf – Cologne/Bonn Flughafen – Frankfurt Flughafen – Mannheim – Stuttgart
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 50) Düsseldorf - Essen - Dortmund - Kassel - Erfurt - Leipzig - Dresden
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 78) Amsterdam - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Frankfurt
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 91) Hamburg - Bremen - Münster - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Frankfurt - Nürnberg - Passau - Linz - Vienna
  • Eurocity services (EC 30) Hamburg - Bremen - Münster - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Karlsruhe - Basel - Zürich - Chur
  • Intercity services (IC 30) Westerland - Hamburg - Bremen - Münster - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart
  • Eurocity services (EC 32) Münster - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart – München – Salzburg – Villach – Klagenfurt
  • Eurocity services (EC 32) Münster - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart – Lindau - Innsbruck
  • Intercity services (IC 32) (Berlin - Hanover -) Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart - Munich
  • Intercity services (IC 35) Norddeich - Emden - Rheine - Münster - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Karlsruhe - Konstanz
  • Intercity services (IC 50) Düsseldorf - Essen - Dortmund - Kassel - Erfurt - Leipzig
  • Intercity services (IC 55) Dresden - Leipzig - Magdeburg - Hanover - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart - Oberstdorf
  • Intercity services (HKX) Hamburg - Osnabrück - Münster - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne
  • CityNightLine services Amsterdam - Duisburg - Cologne - Frankfurt - Karlsruhe - Basel - Zürich
  • CityNightLine services Amsterdam - Duisburg - Cologne - Frankfurt - Stuttgart - Munich
  • CityNightLine services Duisburg - Cologne - Dortmund - Berlin - Dresden - Prague
  • EuroNight services Duisburg - Cologne - Dortmund - Frankfurt (Oder) - Poznan - Kutno - Warsaw
  • Regional services RE 1 NRW-Express Aachen - Cologne - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm - Paderborn
  • Regional services RE 2 Rhein-Haard-Express Münster - Dülmen - Recklinghausen - Essen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
  • Regional services RE 3 Rhein-Emscher-Express Hamm - Dortmund - Gelsenkirchen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
  • Regional services RE 4 Wupper-Express Dortmund - Hagen - Wuppertal - Düsseldorf - Mönchengladbach - Aachen
  • Regional services RE 5 Rhein-Express Emmerich - Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Bonn - Koblenz
  • Regional services RE 6 Westfalen-Express Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm - Bielefeld - Minden
  • Regional services RE 10 Niers-Express Kleve - Weeze - Krefeld - Düsseldorf
  • Regional services RE 11 Rhein-Hellweg-Express Hamm - Dortmund - Essen - Duisburg - Krefeld - Mönchengladbach
  • Regional services RE 13 Maas-Wupper-Express Venlo - Viersen - Mönchengladbach - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal - Hagen - Hamm
  • Local services RB 31 Der Niederrheiner Xanten - Moers - Duisburg
  • Local services RB 33 Rhein-Niers-Bahn Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Krefeld - Mönchengladbach
  • Local services RB 33 Rhein-Niers-Bahn Duisburg - Krefeld - Mönchengladbach - Aachen
  • Local services RB 35 Der Weseler Emmerich - Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf (Peak hours only, Monday to Friday)
  • Local services RB 38 Erft-Bahn Cologne - Horrem - Bedburg - Grevenbroich - Neuss - Düsseldorf
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 1 Solingen - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 2 Duisburg - Oberhausen - Essen - Gelsenkirchen - Dortmund
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 6 Essen - Kettwig - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Köln-Nippes
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 8 Mönchengladbach - Neuss - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal - Hagen
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 11 Düsseldorf Airport Terminal - Düsseldorf - Neuss - Cologne - Bergisch Gladbach
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 28 Kaarster See - Neuss - Düsseldorf - Mettmann
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 68 Langenfeld - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal-Vohwinkel
Düsseldorf Airport S-Bahn service
Duisburg Hbf
Duisburg-Rahm
Düsseldorf-Angermund
Düsseldorf Airport
SkyTrain Parkhaus 4
SkyTrain Terminal A/B
SkyTrain Terminal C
Düsseldorf Airport Terminal C
Düsseldorf-Unterrath
Düsseldorf-Derendorf
Düsseldorf Zoo
Düsseldorf-Wehrhahn
Düsseldorf Hbf
Preceding station   Thalys   Following station
toward Paris-Nord
Thalys
toward Essen Hbf
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus ICE 10
towards Berlin Ost
Select trains only
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 31
towards Kiel Hbf
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 41
towards Dortmund Hbf
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 42
towards Basel SBB
ICE 43
towards Stuttgart Hbf
  1. default:ICE 47
towards Dortmund Hbf
ICE 78
towards Wien Hbf
ICE 91
towards Dortmund Hbf
Terminus
IC 26
Köln-Hamburg
towards Chur
IC/EC 30
towards Innsbruck Hbf
IC/EC 32
IC/EC 35
Terminus
IC 55
towards Leipzig Hbf
Terminus
IC 51
CityNightLine 419
EuroNight 447
CityNightLine 457
toward Prague
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 1
NRW-Express
Terminus RE 2
Rhein-Haard-Express
toward Münster Hbf
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 4
Wupper-Express
toward Dortmund Hbf
toward Koblenz Hbf
RE 5
Rhein-Express
toward Emmerich
Terminus RE 6
Westfalen-Express
toward Minden Hbf
RE 11
Rhein-Hellweg-Express
toward Hamm Hbf
RB 35
Der Weseler
toward Emmerich
toward Cologne Hbf
RB 38
Erft-Bahn
Terminus
Preceding station   eurobahn   Following station
Terminus RE 3
Rhein-Emscher-Express
toward Hamm Hbf
toward Venlo
RE 13
Maas-Wupper-Express
toward Hamm Hbf
Preceding station   NordWestBahn   Following station
toward Kleve
RE 10
Niers-Express
Terminus
Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn   Following station
toward Solingen Hbf
S 1
toward Dortmund Hbf
toward Köln-Nippes
S 6
toward Essen Hbf
S 8
toward Hagen Hbf
S 11
toward Kaarster See
S 28
toward Langenfeld
S 68

Stadbahn services[edit]

Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof station of Stadtbahn Düsseldorf
Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn   Following station
U70 Terminus
U74
toward Neuss Hbf
U75
U76
Terminus
toward Am Seestern
U77
toward Holthausen
U78 Terminus
U79

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof – Information to station, More Information, Facts & figures". Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Der Hauptbahnhof" (in German). Stadtarchiv Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf. Retrieved 4 April 2010. 
  3. ^ Timetables for Düsseldorf Hbf station