Düsseldorf School of electronic music

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The Düsseldorf School a style of electronic music that emerged in the 1970s, shaped by Düsseldorf-based artists like Kraftwerk, Cluster, Can and Neu!. The style is characterized by synthesizer melodies, rhythmic bass lines and prominent drums. Most works were instrumental; vocals were used sparingly. The term is commonly used in opposition to the contemporary movement known as the Berlin School.

Early works[edit]

The early albums of Kraftwerk and Can are very different from the later more commercial work. Albums like Kraftwerk and Kraftwerk 2 are very experimental, with hard drumming, electronic violin and manipulated electronic flute.

Main Period[edit]

Albums that helped to define the genre include Kraftwerk's Autobahn (1974) and The Man-Machine (1978). Tracks like "The Robots" from The Man-Machine and "Home Computer" from Computer World (1981) broke away from earlier electronic music developments.

Contemporary Düsseldorf School[edit]

Of the original bands, Kraftwerk is the only one still active. Although they still tour extensively, their last album of new material appeared a decade ago – Tour de France Soundtracks (2003).


External links[edit]