D-Galacturonic acid

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D-Galacturonic acid
Galacturonic acid.png
Names
IUPAC name
(2S,3R,4S,5R)-2,3,4,5-Tetrahydroxy-6-oxo-hexanoic acid
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.010.621
EC Number 211-682-6
UNII
Properties
C6H10O7
Molar mass 194.139
Melting point 159 °C (318 °F; 432 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

D-Galacturonic acid is a sugar acid, an oxidized form of D-galactose. It is the main component of pectin, in which it exists as the polymer polygalacturonic acid.[1] In its open form, it has an aldehyde group at C1 and a carboxylic acid group at C6. Other oxidized forms of D-galactose are D-galactonic acid (carboxylic group at C1) and meso-galactaric acid (mucic acid) (carboxylic groups at C1 and C6). It is also a uronic acid or hexuronic acid. Naturally occurring uronic acids are D-glucuronic acid, D-galacturonic acid, L-iduronic acid and D-mannuronic acid.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debra Mohnen "Pectin structure and biosynthesis" Current Opinion in Plant Biology 2008, 11:266–277. doi:10.1016/j.pbi.2008.03.006.