|Classification and external resources|
D-Glyceric Acidemia (a.k.a. D-Glyceric Aciduria) is an inherited disease, in the category of inborn errors of metabolism. It is caused by a mutation in the gene GLYCTK, which encodes for the enzyme glycerate kinase.
Glycerate kinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of D-glyceric acid (a.k.a. D-glycerate) to 2-phosphoglycerate. This conversion is an intermediary reaction found in several metabolic pathways, including the degradation (break-down; catabolism) of serine, as well as the breakdown of fructose.
A deficiency in glycerate kinase activity leads to the accumulation of D-glyceric acid (a.k.a. D-glycerate) in bodily fluids and tissues. D-glyceric acid can be measured in a laboratory that performs "analyte testing" for "organic acids" in blood (plasma) and urine.
NOTE: D-Glyceric Acidemia should not be confused with L-Glyceric Acidemia (a.k.a. L-glyceric aciduria, a.k.a. primary hyperoxaluria type II ), which is associated with mutations in the GRHPR (encoding for the enzyme 'glyoxylate reductase/hydroxypyruvate reductase').
Information regarding D-Glyceric Acidemia and other inherited disorders is constantly changing, with new advances in the understanding of disease mechanisms. For the most up-to-date information on this disorder, the following sites are updated on a fairly regular basis:
- Genetics Home Reference (National Library of Medicine)  (information on D-glyceric acidemia and the GLYCTK gene)
- OMIM  (information on GLYCTK gene, encoding Glycerate Kinase)
- GeneTests  (information on genetic testing for D-Glyceric Acidemia)