D-lactate dehydrogenase (cytochrome)

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D-lactate dehydrogenase (cytochrome)
EC no.
CAS no.37250-79-6
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a D-lactate dehydrogenase (cytochrome) (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(D)-lactate + 2 ferricytochrome c pyruvate + 2 ferrocytochrome c

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are (D)-lactate and ferricytochrome c, whereas its two products are pyruvate and ferrocytochrome c.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with a cytochrome as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (D)-lactate:ferricytochrome-c 2-oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include lactic acid dehydrogenase, D-lactate (cytochrome) dehydrogenase, cytochrome-dependent D-(−)-lactate dehydrogenase, D-lactate-cytochrome c reductase, and D-(−)-lactic cytochrome c reductase. This enzyme participates in pyruvate metabolism. It employs one cofactor, FAD. This type of enzyme has been characterized in animals, fungi, bacteria and recently in plants[1] .[2] It is believed to be important in the detoxification of methylglyoxal through the glyoxylase pathway


  1. ^ Atlante, A.; de Bari, L.; Valenti, D.; Pizzuto, R.; Paventi, G. & Passarella, S. (2005). "Transport and metabolism of D-lactate in Jerusalem artichoke mitochondria". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1708 (1): 13–22. doi:10.1016/j.bbabio.2005.03.003. PMID 15949980.
  2. ^ Martin Engqvist; Maria Fabiana Drincovich; Ulf-Ingo Flügge & Veronica G. Maurino (2009). "Two D-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenases in Arabidopsis thaliana with catalytic capacities to participate in the last reactions of the methylglyoxal and {beta}-oxidation pathways". J Biol Chem. 284 (September 11): 25026–25037. doi:10.1074/jbc.M109.021253. PMC 2757207. PMID 19586914.
  • GREGOLIN C, SINGER TP (1963). "The lactic dehydrogenase of yeast. III. D(-)Lactic cytochrome c reductase, a zinc-flavoprotein from aerobic yeast". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 67: 201–18. doi:10.1016/0006-3002(63)91818-3. PMID 13950255.
  • GREGOLIN C, SINGER TP, KEARNEY EB, BOERI E (1961). "The formation and enzymatic properties of the various lactic dehydrogenases of yeast". Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 94 (3): 780–97. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1961.tb35573.x. PMID 13901630.
  • Nygaard AP (1961). "D(−)-Lactate cytochrome c reductase, a flavoprotein from yeast". J. Biol. Chem. 236: 920–925.
  • Boyer, P.D., Lardy, H. and Myrback, K. (Eds.), The Enzymes, 2nd ed., vol. 7, Academic Press, New York, 1963, p. 557-565.