D. Gwenallt Jones

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Gwenallt (the bardic name of David James Jones, 18 May 1899 – 24 December 1968), poet, critic, and scholar, was one of the most important figures of 20th-century Welsh-language literature.[1] He created his bardic name by transposing Alltwen, the name of the village across the river from his birthplace.

Early life[edit]

Gwenallt was born in Pontardawe, Glamorganshire, the eldest son of Thomas ‘Ehedydd’ Jones and his wife Mary. Conscripted into the Army in 1917 during World War I, he declared himself a conscientious objector and was imprisoned at Wormwood Scrubs before being transferred to Princetown Work Centre in the former Dartmoor Prison to May 1919, an experience he wrote about in his 1934 novel Plasau'r Brenin. In 1919 he enrolled at University College Wales, Aberystwyth, where he met the writer Idwal Jones whose biography he was to write in 1958.[2]

Welsh poet[edit]

The poem, Y Mynach, won Gwenallt the Chair at the National Eisteddfod of Wales held in Swansea in 1926, and he won the Chair for a second time at Bangor in 1931. He was a founder member of the Welsh Academy (Academi Gymraeg) and edited its magazine, Taliesin, from 1961 to 1965. On graduating from Aberystwyth with a BA in Welsh and English, he became a teacher of Welsh at Barry County School and later, in 1927, was appointed Lecturer in the Welsh Department of University College Wales, Aberystwyth.[3] Jones took his MA in 1929 and he was awarded a D.Litt honoris causa by the University of Wales in 1967. He was an early member of Plaid Cymru.

Christian themes are present in much of his work, not least in Y Coed, which was published following a visit to the Holy Land.

He is buried at Aberystwyth. A memorial plaque was placed on his house, Rhydymôr, Ffordd Rheidol, Penparcau, a village near Aberystwyth, in 1997.[4]

Works[edit]

Novels[edit]

Poetry[edit]

  • Ysgubau'r Awen 1939
  • Cnoi Cil 1942
  • Eples 1951
  • Gwreiddiau 1959
  • Y Coed 1969
  • Cerddi Gwenallt: Y Casgliad Cyflawn 2001 (Collected works, edited by Christine James, published by Gomer)

Other[edit]

  • (ed.), Yr Areithiau Pros 1934
  • (ed.), Blodeugerdd o'r Ddeunawfed Ganrif 1936
  • (ed.), Detholiad o Ryddiaith Gymraeg R. J. Derfel 1945
  • Cofiant Idwal Jones 1958

Critical studies[edit]

  • Allchin, Donald and D. Densil Morgan. 2000. Sensuous Glory The Poetic Vision of D. Gwenallt Jones. Norwich: Canterbury Press.
  • Edwards, Hywel Teifi. 2006. Making the most of Gwenallt. Cambria. 3. 49.
  • Hodges, H.A. 1975. Gwenallt: an English view of the poet. Planet. 29. 24-29.
  • Johnston, Daffydd. 1994. A guide to the literature of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. Pages 99–101.
  • Jones, Gwyn and John Rowlands. 1980. Profiles: A Guide to Writing in Twentieth Century Wales. Llandysul: Gomer. Pages 70–75.
  • Stephens, Meic. 1972. The New Companion to the Literature of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. Pages 371-373.

External links[edit]