D. Lorne Tyrrell

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with John Dirks, Yoshinori Ōsumi and Kenjirō Monji (at the Royal Ontario Museum on October 29, 2015)

Doctor David Lorne John Tyrrell (born February 10, 1943) is a Canadian physician.[1]

Overview[edit]

Born in Edmonton, Alberta,[1] he grew up on the family farm near Duffield and studied at the University of Alberta. Tyrrell interned at the University of Alberta Hospital and then went on to earn a PhD in pharmacology from Queen's University in 1972. He returned to Alberta in 1975 to train in internal medicine.[2] From 1982 to 1994, he was director of the Infectious Diseases division and later the Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Alberta. In 1994, he became dean of the faculty of medicine at the university. In 2010, he secured a large donation for the university which established the Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology.[3]

Tyrrell's research into viral hepatitis lead to the development of the oral antiviral drug lamivudine.[4] This treatment enabled the use of liver transplants for persons infected with Hepatitis B. In collaboration with Dr. Norman Miles Kneteman (University of Alberta, Department of Surgery), Dr. Tyrrell and his team contributed to the development of a mouse with a humanized liver to be used for testing drugs to treat Hepatitis C.[1][5]

He was named to the Alberta Order of Excellence in 2000 and became an officer in the Order of Canada in 2002. Tyrrell became a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2004. In 2009, he was named chair of the board of directors for the Gairdner Foundation.[4] Tyrrell was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame in 2011.[1] He was a Killam Prize winner in 2015.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Dr. Alan C. Burton". Canadian Medical Hall of Fame. 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-11-03. 
  2. ^ "Dr. D. Lorne J. Tyrrell". Alberta Order of Excellence. 
  3. ^ "Fighting a deadly disease". Alberta Medical Association. 
  4. ^ a b "D. Lorne Tyrrell". Gairdner Foundation. 
  5. ^ Mercer, David F.; Schiller, Daniel E.; Elliott, John F.; Douglas, Donna N.; Hao, Chunhai; Rinfret, Aline; Addison, William R.; Fischer, Karl P.; Churchill, Thomas A.; Lakey, Jonathan R.T.; Tyrrell, David L.J.; Kneteman, Norman M. Nature Medicine. 7 (8): 927–933. doi:10.1038/90968.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "D. Lorne Tyrrell". Canada Council for the Arts. Archived from the original on 2015-05-26.