D. P. Agrawal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the science and technology historian. For the chairman of the Union Public Service Commission, see D.P. Agrawal (academic).
Dharampal Agrawal with Rajiv Dixit

D. P. Agrawal (Dharam Pal) is a historian of Indian science and technology, archaeologist,[1] and author. He has published works on Indian archaeology, metallurgy, the history of science, and palaeoclimate.


D. P. Agrawal has worked with the Archaeological Survey of India, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Bombay and Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahemdabad. His research contributions have spanned disciplines, mainly in the fields of archaeology, radiocarbon & TL dating, archaeometallurgy, Traditional Knowledge Systems and palaeoenvironment. Agrawal has done extensive work on archaeometallurgy of the Harappa Culture, the Copper Hoards Culture, and also in the Central Himalayan region. Agrawal has specialised in the use of scientific techniques for archaeological research. He has also made fundamental theoretical contributions in the fields of language and evolution, flaking mechanics, archaeological theories and concept of time. He retired as a senior professor and chairman of a large multidisciplinary group at Physical Research Laboratory. He has organised and attended numerous national and international symposia. He has given invited talks at the leading centres of archaeological and palaeoenvironmental research both in India and abroad. He has been a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania and also at the International Research Center at Kyoto for a year each. He has published 15 books and about 250 papers. He was a member of the advisory board of World Archaeology, Le’Anthroplogie and has edited Man & Environment for a number of years. He has been the chairman of Indian Society for Prehistoric and Quaternary Research. He is a member of the Central Advisory Board of Archaeology, and has been associated with several other academic committees – both national and international. He is a fellow of the Indian Academy of Science.

Currently[when?] he is the Director (hon.) of Lok Vigyan Kendra (LVK), an organisation devoted to the study of Traditional Knowledge Systems, especially in Uttaranchal, and History of Science and Technology. LVK is also addressing the problems related to the use of traditional technologies for the economic betterment of the Uttarakhand people.

At Almora, his native place, Agrawal also runs a Trust, Bratpalji Pannalalji Smriti Nyas. Through this trust he is able to provide some modest help to the needy and bright students of his home town..he also guide the civil service aspirants by the attending various seminars



  1. Agrawal, D. P. 1971. The Copper Bronze Age in India. New Delhi :Munshiram Manoharlal
  2. Agrawal, D. P. and A . Ghosh (eds). 1973. Radiocarbon and Indian Archaeology. Bombay: TIFR
  3. Agrawal, D. P. and S. Kusumgar. 1974. Prehistoric Chronology and Radiocarbon Dating in India. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal
  4. Agrawal, D .P. and P.L. Agrawal. 1975. Protohistoric Archaeology of India (Hindi). Lucknow: U.P. Granth Akademi
  5. Agrawal, D.P. and B.M. Pande. (eds) 1977. Ecology and Archaeology of Western India. New Delhi : Concept Publishers
  6. Agrawal, D.P. and D.Chakrabarti. (Eds) 1978. Essays in Indian Protohistory. New Delhi: B.R.Publishers.
  7. Agrawal, D.P. 1981. The Archaeology of India. London : Curzon Press.
  8. Agrawal, D.P., R.V.Krishnamurthy and S.Kusumgar. (Eds) 1985. Climate and Geology of Kashmir and Central India : The Last 4 Million years. New Delhi : T.T.Publishers.
  9. Agrawal, D.P., S.K.Gupta and P.Sharma. (Eds) 1988. Palaeoclimatic and Palaeoenvironmental Changes in Asia. New Delhi : Indian National Science Academy.
  10. Agrawal, D.P. 1992. Man and Environment in India through Ages. New Delhi : Books and Books.
  11. Agrawal, D.P. and M.G.Vadava. 1995. Dating the Human Past. Poona : ISPQUS.
  12. Agrawal, D.P. and J.S. Kharakwal. 1998. Central Himalayas: an Archaeological, Linguistic and Cultural Synthesis. Delhi: Aryan Books International.
  13. Agrawal. D.P. 2000. Ancient Metal Technology & Archaeology of South Asia. Delhi: Aryan Books International.
  14. Agrawal, D.P. & J.S. Kharakwal. 2002. South Asian Prehistory. Delhi: Aryan Books International.
  15. Agrawal, D.P. & J.S. Kharakwal. 2003. Bronze and Iron Ages in South Asia. Delhi: Aryan Books International.
  16. Agrawal, D.P. 2007. The Indus Civilization: An Interdisciplinary Perspective: Delhi: Aryan Books International.
  17. Agrawal, D.P., Mainkant Shah and Lalit Tiwari. In press. A Multidisciplinary Study of Traditional Knowledge Systems of Uttaranchal. Delhi: IGNCA.
  18. Agrawal, D.P. In prep. The Concepts of Time and Cultural Conditioning.
  19. Agrawal, D.P. 2007. Traditional Knowledge & Archaeology. (Eds.) D.P. Agrawal, Sameer Jamal, and Manikant Shah. Delhi: Aryan Books International.
  20. The Harappan Technology and its Legacy. 2009. Delhi: Rupa and Co. & Infinity Foundation.

Archaeological theory, concepts of time & traditional knowledge systems[edit]

  1. Agrawal, D.P. 1970. Archaeology and the Luddites. Antiquity XLIV, (174): 115–119.
  2. Agrawal, D.P. 1972-1973. Genesis of Harappan Culture. Puratattva 6: 37–41.
  3. Agrawal, D.P. 1976. Social Divisions in the Chalcolithic period. Nandi Hill Seminar on Genetics and Caste System, organized by CTS. Bangalore : IIS.
  4. Agrawal, D.P. 1979. The relevance of archaeology today. society and science, 2 (1) : 1–15.
  5. Agrawal, D.P. and R.K.Pant. 1981. Mass manipulation: the key to stone age technology. PSPD Commemoration Volume  : 312–319. Sri Lanka: National Museums Dept.
  6. Agrawal, D.P. 1990. Legends as models of science. Bulletin of the Deccan college post-Graduate & Research Institute, 49: 41–42.
  7. Agrawal, D.P. 1990. Geological and archaeological time : some concepts and Their Implications. Time Seminar, New Delhi : IGNCA.
  8. Agrawal, D.P. 1990-91. Archaeology in education. The Indian Historical Review 17 (1–2) : 287–292.
  9. Agrawal, D.P. 1991. Musings on morals, myths and reality. Science Express (Indian Express) pp. 10, 16 April.
  10. Agrawal, D.P. 1992. The other dimensions of archaeology. In South Asian Archaeology Studies. G.L. Possehl (Ed). New Delhi : IBH & Oxford.
  11. Agrawal, D.P. 1992. Environmental and civilizational processes in India :their global relevance. In Nature and Humankind in the Period of Environmental Crisis, Eds. S. Ito and Y. Yoshida, Kyoto : Intrn. Centre for Jap. Studies. pp. 45–55
  12. Agrawal, D.P. 1993. Kothri to Angan – Via Consciousness. Science Focus. 4 (2), October.
  13. Agrawal, D.P. in press. Rationalism and history. Nai Qalam.
  14. Agrawal, D.P. in press. Language, tools and evolution. Sankalia Felicitation volume.
  15. Agrawal, D.P. 1994. Archaeology and the concept of time. South Asian Archaeology 1993. pp. 35–42. Asko Parpola & Petteri Koskikallio. Helsinki: Soumalainen Tiedeakatemia.
  16. Agrawal, D.P. 1993. Some musings on time physics and archaeology : towards a holistic philosophy. Man and Environment 18 (1), pp. 2–4.
  17. Agrawal, D.P. 1993. Urban origins in India, in press. Paper presented at Nairobi Conference.
  18. Agrawal, D.P. & Sheela Kusumgar: 1997. Relationship between the origins of tool techniques and language. EUROPAEA 3 (1): 49–64.
  19. Agrawal, D.P.; Pokharia, D. S. Upreti, A. N. 1997a. Central Himalayan Folklore (Jagars) In an Inter-Disciplinary Perspective, (ed.) Khanduri B. M. & Nautiyal Vinod, Him Kanti, Archaeology, Art and History, (Prof. K.P. Nautiyal Felicitation Volume), Book India Publishing Co., Delhi. pp. 173–183.
  20. Agrawal, D.P. 1997b. A philosophy of archaeology . In Facets of Indian Civilisation, Ed. J.P. Joshi. Delhi: Aryan Books International. pp. 875–883.
  21. Agrawal, D.P. In press. 1998. Is there science in folk-knowledge. Down to Earth.
  22. Agrawal, D.P. 1997. Traditional Knowledge Systems and Western Science. Current Science 73 (9): 731–733.
  23. Agrawal, D.P 2000. Language Origins, Archaeology, and Animal and Human Consciousness. Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research XVII (2):1–18
  24. Agrawal, D.P., V. Bhalakia and Sheela Kusumgar. 1999. Indian and other concepts of time : a holistic framework. In Time and Archaeology. (Ed.) Tim Murray. Rouledge: London.
  25. Agrawal, D.P. 1999. Central Himalayan Archaeology and Culture: Challenges & Potentialities. Rahul Sankrityayana Memorial Lecture, PAHAR, Naini Tal.
  26. Will Uttaranchal Be a Viable State? Sent to TOI.
  27. Agrawal, D.P. (in press).Non-Literate Traditional knowledge System with Special Reference to Himalayan Folklore. Shruti Seminar, IGNCA, New Delhi18-23 November 2000.
  28. Agrawal, D.P. In press. The Idea of India and its Heritage: the Millennial Challenges. Sankalia Memorial Lecture, ISPQUS Annual Congress, Delhi, 1–3 December 2000.
  29. Agrawal, D.P. In Press. Environmental Changes and Civilizational Processes. Quaternary Climate Conference, Nainital, March 2002.
  30. Agrawal, D.P. In Press. Indigeneity, Traditional Knowledge Systems & Colonialism. Hobart Conference July 2002.
  31. Agrawal, D.P. In press. Environment, Climate And Cultures in Prehistoric India. Taiwan IPPA Conference. September 2002.
  32. Agrawal, D.P. In Press. Early II Millennium BCE Multidimensional Trnsformations in South Asia.Round Table May 2002, Harvard University.
  33. Agrawal, D.P. In Press. An Indic Corrective to the History of Science. Presented at the Infinity Foundation Columbia Conference, Woodstock, July 2002.
  34. Agrawal, D.P. (In Press)Traditional Knowledge Systems and Uttaranchal. Paper presented at TKS Seminar, October 2002, Binsar
  35. Agrawal, D.P. Foreword. 2004. In Traditions and Traditional Knowledge of Central Himalaya (Eds. P.C. Pande & Nirmal K. Joshi). Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Pp.
  36. Agrawal, D.P., Pankaj Goyal, and Neer Prabha Negi. In press. Traditional Knowledge Systems & Architecture of Uttaranchal. Presented at the Binsar Seminar, March 2004.
  37. Agrawal, D.P. 2009. Traditional Knowledge Systems: genesis and current relevance. Ghadar Jari Hai 3 (3–4): 18–20.
  38. Agrawal, D.P. & Vasudha Pant. 2009. Interaction of Knowledge systems and the Ganga Valley Urbanisation. In Archaeology of the Ganga Basin: a Paradigm Shift (Eds.) Vibha Tripathi & Prabhakar Upadhyaya. Varanasi: Publisher??. pp. 366–374.

Metal technology[edit]

  1. Agrawal D.P., 1969.The Copper Hoards Problems: A Technological Angle. Asian Perspectives, XII: 113–119.
  2. Agrawal D.P., 1969–70.The Metal technology of the Indian Protohistoric cultures: Its Archaeological implications. Ceylon Seminar, 1968 and Puratattva, 3: 15–22.
  3. Agrawal D.P., 1970.Metal Technology of the Harappan Culture and its socio-economic implications. Indian Journal of History of Science, 5 (2): 238–252.
  4. Agrawal D.P., 1972.Studies in Metallurgy in Ancient India: Some suggestions. Presented at Seminar on Metallurgy in India, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi.
  5. Agrawal, D.P.,1972.Copper Technology in Protohistoric India. Hist. of Sc. Seminar, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi.
  6. Agrawal D.P., R.V. Krishnamurthy, Sheela Kusumgar, L.A., Narain and M.N.Sarin, 1974.Alloying in the Copper Hoards. Bulletin of the Museum and Archaeology, 14: 14–18.
  7. Agrawal D.P. and C. Margabandhu, 1975–76.Ancient Gold Working: Some new 14C dates. Puratattva, 78: 139- 149.
  8. Agrawal D.P., 1976.Problems of Protohistoric Copper Artifacts and their Ore Correlations. Archaeological Congress and Seminar: 1972, (Eds). U.V.Singh, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, pp. 35–89
  9. Agrawal D.P., C. Margabandhu and N.C. Shekhar, 1976. Ancient Copper Workings: Some new D14UC dates. Indian Jr. Hist. of Sci., 11 (2): 133–136.
  10. Agrawal D.P., R.V. Krishnamurthy and Sheela Kusumgar, 1977.New Data on the Copper Hoards and the Daimabad Bronzes. Man and Environment, II: 41–46.
  11. Agrawal D.P., R. V. Krishnamurthy and Sheela Kusumgar, 1979.On the affiliation of the Daimabad Bronzes: Some Fresh Data .Int. Symp. on Archaeometry and Archaeological Prospection, Bonn (Eds.I.Scollar), pp. 8–13.
  12. Agrawal D.P., R.V. Krishnamurthy and Sheela Kusumgar, 1978. The Early Metallurgy in India and its Origins. Moesgaard Symposium.
  13. Agrawal D.P., R.V. Krishnamurthy and Sheela Kusumgar, 1979. The significance of alloying patterns in the Indian Chalcolithic Metallurgical Traditions. Int. Symp. on Archaeometry and Archaeological Prospection.
  14. Agrawal D.P. and S. Guzder, 1980.The diffusion of Metallurgy in India. in The Diffusion of Metal Culture, (Eds. H.H.E. Loofs), Wissowa, pp. 285–296.
  15. Agrawal D.P., R. V. Krishnamurthy and Sheela Kusumgar, 1981.Arsenical Coppers in the Indian Bronze Age. Recent Indian Researches in Archaeology and Art History, (Ed). M.S. Nagaraja Rao, Agam Kala Prakashan, New Delhi, pp. 9–18.
  16. Agrawal D.P. and R.V. Krishnamurthy, 1981.Some new analysis on the Protohistoric copper artifacts. Vinod Nautiyal, Man and Environment, 5: 48–51.
  17. Agrawal, D.P., 1981.The South Asian Copper Technology: A Review. Early Metallurgy Seminar, Beijing, 11–18 October.
  18. Agrawal D.P., 1981. The Technology of the Indus Civilisation. In Indian Archaeology: New Perspectives (Eds. R.K.Sharma), Agam Publishers, New Delhi, pp. 83–112.
  19. Agrawal D.P., 1982.The Indian Bronze Age Cultures and their Metal Technology. In Ed. F. Wendorf and A.E. Close, Advances in World Archaeology, Academic Press, New York, pp. 213–264.
  20. Agrawal D.P., K. Chhatopadhyaya, R.V. Krishnamurthy and Sheela Kusumgar, The Metal Technology of the Harappan and the Copper Hoard Cultures in the light of new data. Paper presented at the Union Internationale Des Sciences Prehistoriques Et. Protohistoriques-IX Congress, Nice, (in press).
  21. Agrawal D.P., 1984.Metal technology of the Harappans. in Frontiers of Indus Civilization (Eds. B.B. Lal and S.P.Gupta), Books & Books, New Delhi, pp. 163–168.
  22. Agrawal, D.P. 1990. Origin of metallurgy in Asia. In History of Science & Technology in India, Eds. G. Kuppuram & K. Kumudamani. Delhi: Sundeep Prakashan.
  23. Agrawal, D. P.; Kusumgar Sheela; Yadav, M. G.; Gogte, V. D.; Kharakwal, Jeewan; and Pant Manju 1995. Was Kumaon the Source of Early Iron in North India?, Man and Environment XX (1) :81–85
  24. Agrawal, D.P. and Manju Pant.1997. Bronze Age technology. In History of Technology in India, Ed. A.K.Bag. New Delhi: Indian National Science Academy.
  25. Agrawal. D. P. 1999a. The role of Central Himalayas in Indian archaeometallurgy. In Eds. Young, Suzanne, M.M, P. Budd, A.M. Pollard, Paul Budd and Rob Ixer. Metals in Antiquity. Oxford: Archaeopress. pp. 193–199
  26. Agrawal, D.P. 1999b. Early Indian iron technology, Himalayan contacts and Gangetic urbanisation. In Proc. The Fourth International Conference on the Beginning of the Use on Metals and Alloys (BUMA-IV). Matsue, Japan: The Japan Institute of Metals. pp. 53–58.
  27. Agrawal, D.P. & J.S. Kharakwal (in press) Outstanding problems of early Iron Age in India: need of a new approach. Paper presented at the Nainital Seminar, 8–10 March 2000.
  28. Agrawal, D.P. and J.S. Kharakwal (in press). Jodhpura-Ganeshwar Complex, Meluhha and Sociology of Metallurgy. Paper presented in the Annual Congress ISPQUS, 27–31 December 1999, Pune.
  29. Agrawal, D.P. In press.Prehistoric Copper Technology In India: A Review. NML Jubilee 2000 Volume, Ranchi.


  1. Agrawal, D.P. 1964. Harappa Culture: New evidence for a shorter chronology. Science. 143 (3609): 950.
  2. Agrawal, D.P. 1966. Harappan chronology: a re-examination of the evidence. In Robert Bruce Foote Memorial Volume (Eds) D. Sen, and A.K. Ghosh. pp. 139–148. Calcutta: Calcutta university.
  3. Agrawal, D.P. 1966. 14C dates, Banas culture and the Aryans. Current Science, 45 (5): 114.
  4. Agrawal, D.P. 1967-68. Protohistoric chronology and technology and ecological factors : a synthesis. Puratattva, 1 (1).
  5. Agrawal D.P. 1968. The P.G.Ware: a re-evaluation. Seminar on Painted Grey Ware. Aligarh : Aligarh University.
  6. Agrawal D.P., S.Guzder and S.Kusumgar. 1973. Radiocarbon chronology in Indian prehistoric archaeology. Journal of Indian History, Golden Jubilee Volume, Kerala University
  7. Agrawal, D. P., Sheela Kusumgar and R.K. Pant, 1975. Radiocarbon and Indian Archaeology, Physics News, 6 (4): 1–12.
  8. Agrawal D.P. and R.K. Pant, 1977. Nueu Entdeckungen der Indischen Archaeologie und ihere ihre Datferung. Das Altertum Heft, (23): 122
  9. Agrawal, D.P., R.V. Krishnamurthy, Sheela Kusumgar and R.K. Pant, 1978. Chronology of Indian Prehistory from Mesolithic Period to Iron Age, Jr. of Human Evolution, 7: 37–44.
  10. Agrawal D.P. and Sheela Kusumgar, 1978.Radiocarbon chronology of the Indian Prehistoric Cultures. Essays in Indian Prehistory (Eds) D.P. Agrawal, D.Chakrabarti and B. M. Pande, New Delhi, pp. 371–386.
  11. Agrawal D.P. and Dilip Chakrabarti, 1978.Archaeology in India-a Professional statement. in Essays in Indian Protohistory (Eds) same as authors, New Delhi.
  12. Agrawal D.P. and M.P. Joshi, 1978.Rock Paintings in Kumaon. Man and Environment 2: 76.
  13. Agrawal D.P., R.K. Sood and Yash Pal, 1980.Remote Sensing of the Lost Sarasvati. Beldev Sahai, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. 89 (3): 317–331.
  14. Agrawal D.P. and Vinod Nautiyal, 1981. Radiocarbon chronology of the Central Indian Cultures. Silver Jubilee, Madhya Pradesh Ithihas Parishad Bulletin.
  15. Agrawal D.P., and R.K. Pant 1981.Mass Manipulation: The key to stone age Technology. EPSPD Commemoration Volume, National Museums Deptt., Sri Lanka, pp. 312–319.
  16. Agrawal, D. P.; Bhatt Diva; Malaiya, Sudha; Kharakwal, Jeewan; 1991. Archaeology of Kumaon: Problems and Prospects, Man and Environment, Vol. XVI (1) : 59–63.
  17. Agrawal, D.P. 1999. A note on the earliest agriculture and pottery in South Asia. YRCP Newsletter 2 (1): 5–7
  18. Agrawal, D.P. (In press) Central Himalayan archaeology and culture: challenges and potentialities. Rahul Sankrityayana Memorial Lecture, Nainital, 1999.
  19. Agrawal, D.P. In press. Central Himalayas and Ganga Valley: Mutual Interactions. During-Caspers Fetschrift.
  20. Agrawal, D.P. In Press. Indus Civilization & the Problem of Aryans. ICHR Conference January 2002, Delhi


  1. ^ "UPSC questions poorly framed, says Indian History Congress". The Hindu. 19 February 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 

External links[edit]