DAD-IS

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DAD-IS is the acronym of the worldwide Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, within the FAO's management of animal genetic resources programme.[1] It includes a searchable database of information about breeds, the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources; it also holds tools for management, and contacts for the National and Regional Coordinators for the programme.[1] Data from the Global Databank is used for reporting on the global status and trends of animal genetic resources.

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Breeds in the Global Databank[edit]

The total number of mammalian national breed populations recorded in DAD-IS in February 2016 was 11 116, and the total number of avian national breed populations was 3 799.[2] These national breed populations represent a global total of 8 822 breeds, which includes 643 breeds (7%) that are reported to be extinct.[2] 7 761 of these breeds are local breeds (only found in one region) and 1 061 are transboundary breeds, meaning they are found in more than one region.

Risk Status[edit]

17%, or a total of 1 500 out of all breeds (including those that are extinct) are classified as being at risk and 58% are classified as being of unknown risk status. These risk statuses have remained the same since 2014.[2]

Number of Livestock Species and Breeds used for Food and Agriculture Worldwide[edit]

Breed Africa Asia and Pacific Europe Latin America
and the Caribbean
Near and Middle
East
North America Southwest Pacific International Transboundary World
Ass 23 42 52 25 13 5 3 6 169
Bactrian camel 0 9 3 0 0 0 0 2 14
Buffalo 4 99 9 12 5 1 2 3 33
Cattle 179 261 406 147 40 19 33 111 1196
Dromedary 47 14 1 0 23 0 2 2 89
Goat 112 195 235 29 33 11 12 38 665
Guinea Pig 4 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 18
Horse 46 146 416 87 14 25 25 69 828
Pig 58 220 206 65 1 14 15 31 610
Rabbit 14 16 227 19 7 8 0 25 316
Sheep 140 276 690 55 54 28 41 101 1385
Yak (domestic) 0 25 2 0 0 1 0 0 28
Chicken 137 310 951 88 33 15 30 107 1671
Duck (domestic) 15 94 119 22 3 1 12 12 278
Goose (domestic) 10 46 126 5 2 0 2 14 205
Duck (domestic)/ Muscovy duck 5 9 6 1 1 0 2 1 25
Ostrich 6 2 3 0 0 0 1 3 15
Partridge 2 8 2 0 0 0 0 0 12
Pheasant 0 7 5 6 0 0 0 0 18
Pigeon 7 13 35 7 8 1 2 1 74
Turkey 11 11 47 11 2 11 5 16 114
Others 47 46 107 30 2 18 11 7 268
Total Breeds per Region: 867 1849 3648 623 241 158 198 549 8133

Figure 1: Total Number of Livestock Breeds by region. Local and regional transboundary breeds are combined and international transboundary breeds are ones that are found in more than 1 country. Note : Figures exclude extinct breeds. Figures for Alpaca, American bison, deer, dog, dromedary × Bactrian camel, guanaco, llama, vicuña, cassowary, Chilean tinamou, duck × Muscovy duck, emu, guinea fowl, ñandu, peacock, quail and swallow are combined in the “others” category. Source: FAO 2016 Status of Animal Genetic Resources-2016. http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/c40d538b-4765-445d-ba3c-c06eaaa49f4a/

See also[edit]

For the full list of horse breeds in the database, see List of horse breeds in DAD-IS.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DADIS)- About. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. http://www.fao.org/dadis/
  2. ^ a b c 2016. FAO. Status of Animal Genetic Resources. http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/c40d538b-4765-445d-ba3c-c06eaaa49f4a/