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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Company typePrivate
IndustryFinancial services
FoundedMay 2006 (2006-05)
DefunctMay 17, 2011 (2011-05-17)
HeadquartersLondon, England
ProductsForeign exchange
ParentDeutsche Bank

dbFX was Deutsche Bank’s online margin foreign exchange trading platform and service for individual and institutional investors including financial institutions, hedge funds, corporations, asset managers, money managers, commodity trading advisors, broker-dealers, brokerage firms, high net worth individuals, and sophisticated and professional traders, which operated from 2006-2011.[1][2][3]

In 2006, Deutsche Bank, then the world’s largest provider of foreign exchange trading by global market share,[4] became the first global bulge bracket investment bank to offer institutional foreign exchange trading through an online margin FX trading platform.[5]

The state of the art dbFX platform[1] was a new and innovative technology at the time, which marked a paradigm shift from over-the-phone trading, to instantaneous online trade execution, at a reduced cost and risk, thus creating a de facto new asset class, and opening up, disrupting, and democratizing access to the global FX market.[5]

On June 1, 2006, Euromoney, a leading institutional investor and international finance magazine, provided the context for the disruptive nature of Deutsche Bank’s dbFX platform.

“Deutsche Bank’s dbFX platform, formally announced on May 15, appears to herald a new phase. Deutsche’s move has got tongues wagging about which bank will be next. Gossip suggests it will be UBS. Direct access to the [FX] market has generally been over the phone.”[5]

Three years later in 2009, Citibank, currently the world's largest provider of foreign exchange,[6] initiated a competitive response to Deutsche Bank's dbFX platform called CitiFX Pro,[7][8] thus becoming the second multinational bulge bracket investment bank to launch an online institutional foreign exchange service on a margin foreign exchange technology platform.



Deutsche Bank was founded in 1870 as a specialist bank for foreign trade. In October 2001, Deutsche Bank listed its stock on the New York Stock Exchange, the first NYSE listing after the September 11 attacks. From 2002-2005, Deutsche Bank expanded rapidly through acquisitions of Rued Blass & Cie private bank, German Norisbank, Berliner Bank, and Deutsche Postbank, and Russian investment bank United Financial Group, achieving a target return on equity of 25%, and becoming one of the world's nine largest bulge bracket investment banks, and the world's largest foreign exchange provider.[4][9]

By mid 2005, Deutsche Bank was in search of new and innovative ways to continue growing its global presence, and its market share of global foreign exchange trading, while meeting the increasing client demand for streamlined access to capital market products.[10]



The idea for dbFX came from the executive management of one of Deutsche Bank's largest clients, FXCM, then the market leader in online margin FX trading, with a growing institutional footprint. A team led by Senior Managing Director Jayme Illien successfully proposed and structured a global strategic partnership with Deutsche Bank to establish and launch dbFX.[1][2][11][12][13]

dbFX was initially launched with 10-20 countries with Illien as the founding global head of dbFX. He hand-picked, trained, and led a global cross-functional team across sales, trading, risk management, research, compliance, operations, and technology to launch and expand dbFX into 180+ countries, legal and regulatory jurisdictions, and nine languages.[14]

dbFX offered the ability to trade on “one click” real time streaming executable quotes 24 hours a day at spreads as low as 1.5 pips on 34 currency pairs directly from the interbank market, the 1000 largest and most active foreign exchange banks in the world.[1][15]

Deutsche Bank was the counterparty to all trades. All client funds were held at Deutsche Bank AG and protected by the Deposit Protection Fund of the Association of German Banks.

From 2006-2008, dbFX became the fastest growing business within Deutsche Bank, and a major contributor to Deutsche Bank's reign as the world's largest provider of foreign exchange trading from 2005-2013.[16][17]

Many of the original dbFX leadership and team are now CEOs, managing directors, global heads, and senior executive leaders at the world's leading fintech companies, hedge funds, FX desks, and global financial institutions.[18][19]



Against the backdrop of the global financial crisis of 2007-2008, and the subsequent changing regulations of global financial markets, including the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, and the Basel III capital and liquidity standards, Deutsche Bank decided to discontinue dbFX, and a portion of dbFX business was acquired by Gain Capital, a leading global provider of online trading.[20]

Deutsche Bank released a statement about dbFX:

“dbFX volumes grew every year since 2006 culminating with 2010 volumes 56% higher than 2009. dbFX has been a strongly performing business for Deutsche Bank but has reached a point where in order to reach its full potential it requires significant investment in specific resources which are not consistent with Deutsche Bank’s current strategic initiatives.”

Speculation about why Deutsche Bank sold dbFX to Gain Capital has ranged, and included new global markets and financial regulations, lower corporate risk tolerance considering the bank's losses and exposure to the housing credit bubble and subprime and CDO market, Deutsche Bank management changes in response to the global financial crisis, and issues regarding competitive threats to profitability with incumbent Deutsche Bank businesses.[21]



dbFX clients received access to award-winning multi asset Deutsche Bank research including in depth economic resources, special forex reports, and daily reports covering economic developments, real time FX news and market commentary. dbFX clients could also trade directly from charts, connect to dbfx by API, implement algorithmic, black box, automatic, and artificial intelligence based trading programs, invest with Deutsche Bank FX select portfolio of money managers, as well as access trading in multiple asset classes including equities, equity derivatives, and commodities trading.[22]

Trading platform


The dbFX trading platform was provided under a global strategic partnership from FXCM and was available in nine languages including English, Chinese, Arabic, German, Spanish, French and Russian. Features included integrated charts, hedging with no FIFO restrictions, different order types, real-time account summary and 24-hour reporting.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Bank, Deutsche. "Deutsche Bank - dbFX". www.cbs.db.com. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  2. ^ a b "dbFX Deutsche Bank Corporate Linked in page".
  3. ^ "Bank for International Settlements Triennial survey 2007" (PDF).
  4. ^ a b "Euromoney FX poll 2006 worlds largest FX banks by market share".
  5. ^ a b c "DBFX platform: UBS targets High Net Worths". Archived from the original on 2018-06-30.
  6. ^ "Euromoney FX Survey 2017 – results released". Euromoney. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  7. ^ "Citi Launches CitiFX Pro". www.citigroup.com. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  8. ^ "DBFX platform: UBS targets High Net Worths". Euromoney. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  9. ^ "Deutsche Bank HomePage - History Chronicle from 1870 until today" (PDF).
  10. ^ "Deutsche Bank launches Online Margin FX System". Deutsche Bank. May 15, 2006. Archived from the original on 2009-12-06.
  11. ^ "dbFX Forex Broker Information". forex.tradingcharts.com. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  12. ^ "Deutsche Bank Offers Retail Road To Alternative Investing | FINalternatives". www.finalternatives.com. Archived from the original on 2018-05-11. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  14. ^ EconoTimes (2017-11-13). "UNIDOHAPPINESS FOUNDER ILLIEN JOINS 2016 U.S. PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE BERNIE SANDERS TO DISCUSS AMERICAN POLITICS, NATIONAL AND GLOBAL SECURITY. - EconoTimes". EconoTimes. Archived from the original on 2018-03-15. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  15. ^ "dbfx Forex Broker Review – Currency Trading.net". www.currencytrading.net. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  16. ^ "euromoney 2012 fx survey results".
  17. ^ "Euromoney FX survey 2013 results revealed". Euromoney. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  18. ^ Clark, Joel. "An FX view from the top – XTX co-chief Zar Amrolia". Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  19. ^ "Exclusive: Anthony Mazzarese jumps from FXCM to Jefferies as SVP FX Prime Brokerage". LeapRate. 2017-05-11. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  20. ^ "Deutsche Bank is shutting down dbFX, exiting the retail forex market, transfers clients to Gain Capital | Finance Magnates". Finance Magnates | Financial and business news. 2011-04-21. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  21. ^ "Deutsche Bank sells dbFX to Gain Capital - FX Week". FX Week. 2011-04-21. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  22. ^ Bank, Deutsche. "Deutsche Bank - dbFX". www.cbs.db.com. Retrieved 2018-05-11.